Википедија:Стилски приручник

Из Википедије, слободне енциклопедије
30ђ Ова страница је део Википедијиног стилског приручника, и сматра се смерницом Википедије. Ова страница је састављена консензусом многих википедијанаца. Чланци на Википедији треба да се уређују према овим смерницама. Слободно уређујте и освежавајте ову страницу, али вас молимо да користите и страницу за разговор ако желите да унесте неке веће измене.
Пречица:
ВП:ПС, ВП:СТИЛ
Стилска правила
Стилски приручник
Додатни приручници

Скраћенице
Биографије
Велика слова
Датуми и бројеви
Наслови
Везе
Математика
Изговор
Братски пројекти
Имена

Приручници за чланке

Вишезначне одреднице

Остали приручници

Како се мења страна
Упутство за изглед
Наслови
Категоризација
Категоризација биографија
Цитирање
Објасните жаргон
Фусноте
Водич за писање бољих чланака
Спискови
Музички примери
Правила именовања
Упутство за слике
Делови
Технички термини и дефиниције
Речи за избегавати
Писање о измишљеним ликовима


Ако се сви буду држали овог стилског приручника, Википедија би била лакша за коришћење и читаоцима и онима који доприносе њеној изради. Са друге стране, треба имати у виду да иако је пожељно пратити одређене смернице и држати се уобичајеног стила, правила која су изнесена на овој страници, не треба увек посматрати ригидно, и непроменљиво.

Чисто, информативно и непристрасно писање је увек важније од презентације и форматирања. Википедија не захтева од својих корисника да прате ова правила, али њихови доприноси ће бити више цењени ако они то буду чинили — радост рада на Википедији је и у томе да се не захтева савршенство.


Имена чланака[уреди]

Vista-xmag.png За више информација погледајте чланак Википедија:Правила именовања

Уколико је могуће, поставите опис чланка већ у првој реченици. На пример, напишите "Овај приручник стила је Википедијино правило" уместо "Ово правило стила је још познато и као приручник стила". У сваком случају, наслов чланак би требао да се појави што је раније могуће - предлажемо већ у првој реченици.

Први пут када у чланку помињете име чланка, замасните (бодебљајте) слова користећи три апострофа - '''име чланак''' и добићете име чланка. На пример: "Овај приручник стила је Википедијино правило."

Као опште правило не стављајте везе у

  • подебљано име чланка у првој реченици како не би везао сам на себе
  • у било који наслов у чланку

Такође, покушајте да не стављате остале речи у масна слова у првој реченици. Изузеци су уколико нпр. особа о којој пишете има алтернативне називе; на пример, Дени Кеј:

Дејвид Данијел Камински познатији као Дени Кеј (енгл. David Daniel Kaminsky; Danny Kaye; 18. јануар 1913. - 3. март 1987.) био је aмeрички пoзoришни и филмски глумaц, сjajaн кoмичaр, кojи сe aнгaжoвao у УНИЦEФ-у, и у aгeнциjи УН зa пoмoћ дeци.

Курзивна слова се користе уколико описујете нпр. неки албум:

When You Were Young (у преводу, Кад си био/била млад(а)) је први сингл са другог албума Килерса, Sam's Town (који је изашао 3. октобра 2006. у Сједињеним Државама и 2. октобра у Великој Британији).

Наслови[уреди]

Vista-xmag.png За више информација погледајте чланак Википедија:Приручник стила (наслови)

Маркап[уреди]

Користите == (два знака једнакости) за означавање наслова. Почните нови ред са == додајте име наслова, завршите ред са ==.

Формулисање[уреди]

  • Увек корисите прво велико слово за почетак речи у наслову, и оставите остала слова да буду мала. На пример "Правила и прописи", а не "Правила и Прописи".
  • Избегавајте специјалне карактере у насловима, као што су &, знак плус (+), заграде ({}), коцкасте заграде ([]). Уместо знака &, користите реч „и“, осим ако је & део формалног имена.
  • Покушајте наслове написати што краће: наслови са више од 10 се не препоручују.
  • Избегавајте непотребне и сувишне у насловима: избегавајте понављање имена чланка. На пример, у чланку Костарика наслов историја се пише само „Историја“ а не „Историја Костарике“.
  • Не понављајте наслове: немојте ни у ком случају понављати наслове, тј. писати два пута исти наслов у чланку.

Баратање насловима[уреди]

  • Додавање поднаслова се препоручује. Они помажу при прегледу, читању и разумевању чланака.
    • Користите поднаслове уколико делови са насловом постају превелики.
    • Користите пристојне поднаслове који укратко објашњавају део који описујете.
  • Уколико је икако могуће, покушајте да не мењате имена наслова и поднаслова веома често. Други чланци могу бити повезани за баш тај специфичан наслов. Могуће је да "прекине" везу ка том другом чланку.
  • Уколико повезујете на неки специфичан наслов, препоручује се да оставите коментар уређивачима <!-- (ваш коментар) --> како би их подсетили да не мењају наслове у чланку.

Велика слова[уреди]

Правопис српског језика налаже где и када се користи велико слово. Што се тиче случајева код којих Правопис не даје смернице, требало би водити рачуна да се велико слово употребљава конзистентно макар у оквиру исте странице.

Почетно велико слово или речи написане свим великим словима се не користе у насловима нити за истицање текста. На пример, ни „шија Није Исто што и врат“ ни „шија НИЈЕ ИСТО што и врат“ није исправно. Уместо тога, за истицање треба користити масна или курзивна слова.

Tитуле[уреди]

Tитуле попут председник, краљ, или цар почињу са великим словом када се користе као титула (праћена именом): "Председник Никсон", не "председник Никсон". Када се користе уопштено, онда би требало да се пишу малим почетним словом: "Де Гол је био француски председник." Тачно званично име министарства и службе се третира као властита именица. Стога: "Хирохито је био Цар Јапана." Слично, "Луј XVI је био француски краљ" али "Луј XVI је био Краљ Француске", Kраљ Француске као титула у том контексту. Такође, великим словом почињу краљевске титуле: "Њено Величанство" или "Његово Височанство". (Reference: Chicago Manual of Style 14th ed., 7.16; The Guardian Manual of Style, "Titles" keyword.) Изузеци могу да важе за одређене службе.

Када се помиње одређена служба, генерално се користи велико слово: "Британски Премијер, Тони Блер, данас је рекао…"

За употребу титула и одавање почасти у биографским чланцима, види Википедија:Manual of Style (biographies)#Honorific_prefixes.

Religions, deities, philosophies, doctrines, and their adherents[уреди]

Names of religions, whether as a noun or an adjective, and their followers start with a capital letter. Mormonism has particular complications — see Википедија:Naming conventions (Mormonism).

Deities begin with a capital letter: God, Allah, Freya, the Lord, the Supreme Being, the Messiah. The same is true when referring to important religious figures, such as Muhammad, by terms such as the Prophet. Transcendent ideas in the Platonic sense also begin with a capital letter: Good and Truth. Pronouns referring to deities, or nouns (other than names) referring to any material or abstract representation of any deity, human or otherwise, do not begin with a capital letter. Thus one would say, "He prayed to Wotan"; since Wotan in this case is a proper name, it is correctly capitalized, but the common use of gods in this sense is not capitalized. The following sentence would be correct usage, "It was thought that he prayed to God, but it turned out he prayed to one of the Norse gods."

Do not capitalize mythical creatures, such as elves, fairies, nymphs and genies. The exception is some works of fantasy, such as those of J. R. R. Tolkien, where initial capitals are used to indicate that the different categories of mythical creatures are being treated as ethnicities or races.

Philosophies, theories, doctrines, and systems of thought do not begin with a capital letter, unless the name derives from a proper noun: lowercase republican refers to a system of political thought; uppercase Republican refers to a specific Republican Party (each party name being a proper noun).

Calendar items[уреди]

The names of months, days, and holidays always begin with a capital letter: June, Monday, Fourth of July (when referring to the U.S. Independence Day, otherwise July 4 or 4 July).

Seasons, in almost all instances, are lowercased: "this summer was very hot"; "the winter solstice occurs about December 22"; "I've got spring fever." They start with a capital letter when personified, therefore functioning as proper nouns: "I think Spring is showing her colors"; "Old Man Winter."

Dates normally should be followed by commas: "In 2001, Bob got married", "On April 10, I will be having a party". An exception is when they are used to modify other terms: "The 1993 edition has several errors".

Небеска тела[уреди]

Називи других планета и звезда су властите именице и пишу се великим почетним словом. Планета Марс се вечерас може видети у сазвежђу Близанаца, у близини звезде Полукс.

Речи сунце, земља и месец се третирају као властите именице једино уколико су употребљене у контексту астрономије, али не и у другим случајевима. Сунце је главна звезда у низу спректралне класе G2 али Био је диван дан и сунце је грејало.

Ови термини се третирају као властите именице само у случају када се односе на посебна небеска тела (наши Сунце, наша планета Земља и њен сателит Месец); сходно томе: Месец кружи око Земље али Плутонов месец је Харон.

Directions and regions[уреди]

Regions that are proper nouns, including widely known expressions such as Southern California, start with a capital letter. Follow the same convention for related forms: a person from the Southern United States is a Southerner.

Directions (north, southwest, etc.) are not proper nouns and do not start with a capital letter. The same is true for their related forms: someone might call a road that leads north a northern road, compared to the Great North Road.

If you are not sure whether a region has attained proper-noun status, assume it has not.

Institutions[уреди]

Proper names of specific institutions (for example, Harvard University, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, George Brown College, etc.) are proper nouns and require capitalization.

However, the words for types of institutions (university, college, hospital, high school, etc.) do not require capitalization if they do not appear in a proper name:

Incorrect
The University offers programs in arts and sciences.
Correct
The university offers… or The University of Ottawa offers…

Курзив[уреди]

Use the '' (italic) markup. Example:

''Ово је курзиван текст.''

што даје:

Ово је курзиван текст.

Italics are mainly used to emphasize certain words. Italics for emphasis should be used sparingly.

Курзиван текст се користи и у следећим случајевима:

Наслови[уреди]

Курзиван текст се користи за наслове дела у литератури и другим областима уметности.

Words as words[уреди]

Use italics when writing about words as words, or letters as letters (to indicate the use-mention distinction). For example:

  • Deuce means ‘two’.
  • The term panning is derived from panorama, a word coined in 1787.
  • The most common letter in English is e.

Позајмљенице[уреди]

Wikipedia prefers italics for isolated words and phrases from other languages not yet in common use in English. Use anglicized spellings for such words, or use the native spellings if they use the Latin alphabet (with or without diacritics). For example, "Reading and writing in Japanese requires familiarity with hiragana, katakana, kanji, and sometimes rōmaji." Words or phrases that have common use in the English language, however — praetor, Gestapo, samurai, esprit de corps — do not require italicization. If looking for a good rule of thumb, do not italicize words that appear unitalicized in an English-language dictionary. Per the guide to writing better Wikipedia articles, use words from other languages sparingly. Include native spellings in non-Latin scripts in parentheses.

Цитати[уреди]

There is normally no need to put quotations in italics unless the material would otherwise call for italics (emphasis, use of non-English words, etc.). Indicate whether using the italics in the original text or whether they were added later. For example:

Now cracks a noble heart. Good night sweet prince: And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest! (emphasis added)

Punctuation[уреди]

In most cases, simply follow the usual rules of English punctuation. A few points where Wikipedia may differ from usual usage follow.

Наводници[уреди]

With quotation marks, we split the difference between American and British usage. Though not a rigid rule, we use the double quotation marks "..." for most quotations — they are easier to read on the screen — and use single quotation marks '...' for quotations nested within quotations.

When punctuating quoted passages, include the punctuation mark inside the quotation marks only if the sense of the punctuation mark is part of the quotation ("logical" quotations). When using "scare quotes" to indicate a phrase used ironically, the comma or period always goes outside. Double quotation marks belong at the beginning of each paragraph in a quotation of multiple paragraphs, though at the end of only the last paragraph.

Examples:

  • Arthur said the situation was "deplorable". (Only a fragment is quoted; the full stop [period] is not part of the quotation.)
  • Arthur said, "The situation is deplorable." (The full sentence is quoted; the period is part of the quotation.)
  • Martha asked, "Are you coming?" (Inside when quoting a question.)
  • Did Martha say, "Come with me"? (Outside when there is a non-interrogative quotation at the end of a question.)

Similarly, when the title of an article requires quotation marks in the text (for example, the titles of songs, poems, etc.), the quotation marks should not be bolded in the summary, as they are not part of the title:

"Jabberwocky" is a nonsense poem by Lewis Carroll.

Use quotation marks or indentation to distinguish quotations from other text. There is normally no need to put quotations in italics unless the material would otherwise call for italics (emphasis, use of non-English words, etc.).

Look of quotation marks and apostrophes[уреди]

There are two options when considering the look of the quotation marks themselves:

As there is currently no consensus on which should be preferred, either is acceptable. However, it appears that historically the majority of Wikipedia articles, and those on the Internet as a whole, follow the latter style. If curved quotation marks or apostrophes appear in article titles, ensure that there is a redirect with straight glyphs.

Never use grave and acute accents or backticks (`text´) as quotation marks or apostrophes.

Long quotations[уреди]

Long quotations are normally rendered as block quotations without quotation marks. A long quotation is indented by using <blockquote> </blockquote> notation, which indents both left and right margins (see #Direct quotations).

Quotation marks affect searching[уреди]

If a word or phrase appears in an article with single quotes, such as 'abcd', the Википедија:Searching facility considers the single quotes to be part of the word and will find that word or phrase only if the search string is also within single quotes. (When trying this out with the example mentioned, remember that this article is in the Wikipedia namespace.) Avoiding this complication is an additional reason to use double quotes, for which the difficulty does not arise. It may even be a reason to use double quotes for quotations within quotations.

Placement adjacent to brackets or parentheses[уреди]

Punctuation goes where it belongs logically; that is, it goes with the text to which it belongs. A sentence wholly inside brackets will have its punctuation inside the brackets. (As shown here, this applies to all punctuation in the sentence.) If a sentence ends with a clause in brackets, the final punctuation stays outside the brackets (as shown here). This applies to square "[ ]" as well as round "( )" brackets (parentheses).

Serial commas[уреди]

The serial comma (also known as the Oxford comma or Harvard comma) is a comma used immediately before a conjunction in a list of three or more items. The phrase "ham, chips, and eggs" is written with a serial comma, but "ham, chips and eggs" is not. Sometimes omitting the comma can lead to an ambiguous sentence, as in this example: "The author would like to thank her parents, Sinéad O'Connor and President Bush." Sometimes including the comma can also lead to an ambiguous sentence, as in: "The author would like to thank her mother, Sinéad O'Connor, and President Bush" which may be a list of either two or three people. In such cases, there are three options for avoiding ambiguity:

  • A choice can be made whether to use or omit the comma after the penultimate item in such a way as to avoid ambiguity.
  • The sentence can be recast to avoid listing the items in an ambiguous manner.
  • The items in the list can be presented using a formatted list.

If the presence of the final serial comma does not affect ambiguity of the sentence (as in most cases), there is no Wikipedia consensus on whether it should be used.

Some style authorities support a mandatory final serial comma. These include Fowler's Modern English Usage (Brit.), the Chicago Manual of Style (Amer.), and Strunk and White's Elements of Style (Amer.). Others recommend avoiding it where possible; these include The Times (Brit.), The New York Times (Amer.) and The Economist (Brit.). See serial comma for further authorities and discussion.

Proponents of the serial comma, such as The Elements of Style, cite its disambiguating function and consistency as reasons for its use. Opponents consider it extraneous in situations where it does not explicitly resolve ambiguity. Many non-journalistic style guides recommend its use, while many newspaper style guides discourage its use; Wikipedia currently has no consensus, itself a position which allows either style and therefore allows avoidance of ambiguities like those above.

The serial comma should never be employed when specifying the name of a railroad or railway (for example, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad). This is also the standard for law firms and similar firms (for example, Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom).

Colons[уреди]

Colons ( : ) should not have spaces before them:

Correct
He attempted it in two years: 1941 and 1943
Incorrect
He attempted it in two years : 1941 and 1943

Dashes[уреди]

Vista-xmag.png За више информација погледајте чланак Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dashes)

The hyphen (-), en-dash (–) and em-dash (—) should be used in the correct context wherever possible. Other dashes, notably the double-hyphen (--) should be avoided.

Spaces after the end of a sentence[уреди]

There are no guidelines on whether to use one or two spaces after the end of a sentence (French spacing), but it is not important as the difference shows up only in the edit box. See Wikipedia talk: Manual of Style archive (spaces after the end of a sentence) for a discussion on this.

Contractions[уреди]

In general, formal writing is preferred. Therefore, avoid the use of contractions — such as don't, can't, won't, would've, they'd, and so on — unless they occur in a quotation.

Slashes[уреди]

Avoid joining two words by a slash, as it suggests that they are related, but does not say how. Spell it out to avoid ambiguities. Also, the construct and/or is awkward outside of legal writing. Use "x or y, or both," to explicitly conjoin with the inclusive or, or "either x or y, but not both," to explicitly specify the exclusive or.

Ellipsis[уреди]

Ellipsis, the dot-dot-dot indicating omitted text, should be separated from surrounding words by spaces, but not spaced when combined with other punctuation. The precomposed ellipsis character (&hellip; … ) may be used: it is intended to replace three dots, but looks a bit different in some fonts, so it may be better to just type the dots. To prevent the ellipsis from wrapping to the beginning of a line, you may enter a non-breaking space before it (&nbsp;... ).

Example: in the middle of a sentence ... or after a comma, ... before one..., and at the end.... Following a question...? Or even an exclamation...!

Acronyms and abbreviations[уреди]

Vista-xmag.png За више информација погледајте чланак Wikipedia:Manual of Style (abbreviations)

Do not assume that your reader is familiar with the acronym or abbreviation you are using. The standard writing style is to spell out the acronym or abbreviation on the first reference (wikilinked if appropriate) and then show the acronym or abbreviation after it. This signals to readers to look out for it later in the text and makes it easy for them to refer back to it. For example:

The New Democratic Party (NDP) won the 1990 Ontario election with a significant majority. The NDP quickly became unpopular with the voters, however…

It can also be helpful in a longer article to spell out the acronym or abbreviation for the reader again or to rewikify it if it has not been used for a while.

When abbreviating United States, please use "U.S."; that is the more common style in that country. When referring to the United States in a long abbreviation (USA, USN, USAF), periods should not be used. When including the United States in a list of countries, do not abbreviate the "United States" (for example, "France and the United States", not "France and the U.S.").

The software that Wikipedia runs on does not currently support HTML acronym or abbreviation elements (<acronym> or <abbr>), so these tags should not be inserted into the source. (See Mediazilla:671.)

Direct quotations[уреди]

Use the same formatting as was used in the original written text being quoted; in general, do not alter it to conform to Wikipedia style. An exception is that if a quotation is enclosed in quotation marks and includes a quotation itself, any quotation within the quotation should have its quotation marks changed to conform to the Wikipedia style of alternating double and single quotation marks. Example:

According to source, "The statement 'I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it' is frequently misattributed to Voltaire."

A long quotation is normally formatted as a block quotation indented from both margins, without quotation marks. To format a block quotation, use the HTML <blockquote> element, not the wiki indentation mark ::

<blockquote>
Four score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a 
new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men 
are created equal.
</blockquote>

Result:

Four score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

For the time being, <blockquote> will not work for multiparagraph quotes; you can manually add <p> tags to the beginning of paragraphs beyond the first, or just use : until the issue is resolved. See MediaWiki bug 6200.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Vista-xmag.png За више информација погледајте чланак Wikipedia:Manual of Style (pronunciation)

Научни стил[уреди]

Vista-xmag.png За више информација погледајте чланак Wikipedia:Technical terms and definitions
  • За мерне јединице у чланцима из области науке користите јединице СИ система осим уколико постоје добри историјски или прагматични разлози да се не чини тако (на пример, Хаблова константа би требало да буде наведена у својој уобичајеној јединици (km/s)/Mpc уместо у својој СИ јединици Hz). Јединице СИ система немојте да пишете ћирилицом. Видети Википедија:Приручник стила (датуми и бројеви)#Мерне јединице за више упутстава. Бројеве записујте на следећи начин 12.345.678,901.
  • У чланцима о хемикалијама и хемији, користите стил Међународне уније за чисту и примењену хемију (IUPAC) за хемијска имена увек када је то могуће, изузев у насловима чланака, где би требало да се користи уобичајено име ако је другачије, праћено IUPAC именом.
  • У групама периодног система користите нова IUPAC имена (она користе арапске а не римске бројеве).
  • За писање математичких формула, погледајте Википедија:Формуле.

Наслови[уреди]

Vista-xmag.png За више информација погледајте чланак Википедија:Наслови

Simple tabulation[уреди]

Any line that starts with a blank space becomes a fixed font width and can be used for simple tabulation.

foo     bar     baz
alpha   beta  gamma

A line that starts with a blank space with nothing else on it forms a blank line.

For a complete guide to more complex tables see Meta:Help:Table.

Usage and spelling[уреди]

Usage[уреди]

  • Possessives of singular nouns ending in s should generally maintain the additional s after the apostrophe. However, if a form without an s after the apostrophe is much more common for a particular word or phrase, follow that form, such as with "Moses' Laws" and "Jesus' tears".
  • Abbreviations of Latin terms like "i.e.", "e.g.", or "n.b.", or use of the Latin terms in full, such as "nota bene", or "vide infra", should be left as the original author wrote them. However, it should also be noted that articles that are intended for a general audience will be more widely understood if such terms are avoided and English terms such as "that is", "for example", or "note" are used instead.
  • If a word or phrase is generally regarded as correct, then prefer it to any other word or phrase that might be regarded as incorrect. For example, "other meaning" should be used instead of "alternate meaning", since, in British English, alternate means only "alternating".
  • Use an unambiguous word or phrase in preference to an ambiguous one. For example, "other meaning" should be used instead of "alternative meaning", since alternative commonly suggests "nontraditional" or "out-of-the-mainstream" to an American-English speaker.

Avoid self-referential pronouns[уреди]

Wikipedia articles must not be based on one person's opinions or experiences. Thus, "I" can never be used except, of course, when it appears in a quotation. For similar reasons, avoid the use of "we" and "one". A sentence such as "We/One should note that some critics have argued in favor of the proposal" sounds more personal than encyclopedic.

Nevertheless, it might sometimes be appropriate to use "we" or "one" when referring to an experience that anyone, any reader, would be expected to have, such as general perceptual experiences. For example, although it might be best to write, "When most people open their eyes, they see something", it is still legitimate to write, "When we open our eyes, we see something", and it is certainly better than using the passive voice: "When the eyes are opened, something is seen."

It is also acceptable to use "we" in mathematical derivations; for example: "To normalize the wavefunction, we need to find the value of the arbitrary constant A."

Avoid the second person[уреди]

Use of the second person ("you") is discouraged. This is to keep an encyclopedic tone and also to help clarify the sentence. Instead, refer to the subject of the sentence, for example:

  • "When a player moves past 'go', that player collects $200."
    • Or: "Players passing 'go' collect $200."
  • Not: "When you move past 'go', you collect $200."

This does not apply to quoted text, which should be quoted exactly.

National varieties of English[уреди]

Vista-xmag.png За више информација погледајте чланак Wikipedia:Manual of Style (spelling)

Cultural clashes over grammar, spelling, and capitalisation/capitalization are a common experience on Wikipedia. Remember that millions of people have been taught to use a form of English different from yours, including different spellings, grammatical constructions, and punctuation. For the English Wikipedia, while a nationally predominant form should be used, there is no preference among the major national varieties of English. However, there is certain etiquette generally accepted on Wikipedia, summarized here:

  • Articles should use the same dialect throughout.
  • If an article's subject has a strong tie to a specific region/dialect, it should use that dialect.
  • Where varieties of English differ over a certain word or phrase, try to find an alternative that is common to both.
  • If no such words can be agreed upon, and there is no strong tie to a specific dialect, the dialect of the first significant contributor (not a stub) should be used.

The special cases are clarified in the following guidelines. They are roughly in order; guidelines earlier in this list will usually take precedence over guidelines later:

  • Proper names should retain their original spellings, for example, United States Department of Defense and Australian Defence Force.
  • Each article should have uniform spelling and not a haphazard mix of different spellings, which can be jarring to the reader. For example, do not use center in one place and centre in another in the same article (except in quotations or for comparison purposes).
  • Articles that focus on a topic specific to a particular English-speaking country should generally conform to the usage and spelling of that country. For example:
  • If the spelling appears in an article name, you should make a redirect page to accommodate the other variant, as with Artefact and Artifact, or if possible and reasonable, a neutral word might be chosen as with stevedore.
  • Words with multiple spellings: In choosing words or expressions, there may be value in selecting one that does not have multiple spellings if there are synonyms that are otherwise equally suitable. In extreme cases of conflicting names, a contrived substitute (such as fixed-wing aircraft) is acceptable.
  • If an article is predominantly written in one type of English, aim to conform to that type rather than provoking conflict by changing to another. (Sometimes, this can happen quite innocently, so please do not be too quick to make accusations!)
  • Consult Wikipedia articles such as English plural and American and British English differences.
  • If all else fails, consider following the spelling style preferred by the first major contributor (that is, not a stub) to the article.

Finally, in the event of conflicts on this issue, please remember that if the use of your preferred version of English seems like a matter of great national pride to you, the differences are actually relatively minor when you consider the many users who are not native English speakers at all and yet make significant contributions to the English-language Wikipedia, or how small the differences between national varieties are compared with other languages. There are many ways to participate that are more productive and enjoyable than worrying and fighting about which version of English to use on any particular page.

Currency[уреди]

Vista-xmag.png За више информација погледајте чланак Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers)#Currency

When including a price or currency, include only one. This should be the currency that fits best for that article. An incorrect example:

The object costs 300USD (160GBP, 280EURO).

This would be incorrect as there is no need to include multiple currencies. Also, as exchange rates vary with time, these figures will not remain correct.

However, if the figures are there in order to show a geographical variation in the amount (such as the cost of an item at release in different countries), then they can be included:

The object was released in the USA for $10, in the UK for £10 and in the rest of Europe for €12.

Date and time[уреди]

Vista-xmag.png За више информација погледајте чланак Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers)

Remember that Wikipedia is an encyclopedia that will hopefully be read well into the future. Avoid words or phrases like currently,recently, last year, soon, modern, new.

Whenever information may become dated, try to give the time at which it was accurate. Thus

Good = In 2003, the university had an undergraduate enrollment of 8000.

Good = As of 2003, the university has an undergraduate enrollment of 8000.

Bad = The university has an undergraduate enrollment of 8000.

Also, avoid phrases like "Mike Tyson was a professional boxer." That makes it sound like he is dead. Instead use "Mike Tyson is a former professional boxer." unless the person really is dead.

Велико мало дугачко кратко[уреди]

Покушајте користити тачне мере кад год је то могуће. Користите специфичне информације.

Добро
Просечан мужјак волабија је дугачак 1,6 метара од главе до репа.
Лоше
Волаби је мали
Добро
Цијанобактерија Prochlorococcus marinus је димензија 0,5 до 0,8 микрометара.
Лоше
Prochlorococcus marinus је мајушна цијанобактерија.
Добро
Дугонзи су пливали уз обалу у јату пет километара дугачком и 300 метара широком.
Лоше
Велико јато дугонга се простирало широко уз обалу.

Слике[уреди]

Неке опште смернице које треба да следите уколико не постоји разлог да то не чините:

  • Почните чланак са сликом која је поравнана на десно. (погледај пример доле)
  • Када користите више слика у једном чланку, можете их поређати и десно и лево (Пример: Турска Република Северни Кипар).
  • Избегавајте постављање текста између две слике једне до друге како не би направили „сендвич“.
  • Обично се користи десно поравнање, или поравнање у средини (Пример: Берн).
    • Изузеци: Портрети са главном која гледа ка десно треба да буду поравнати на лево (гледајући на текст чланка). У таквим случајевима се препоручује померање садржава чланка на десно додајући {{Сдесно}}. Пошто лица нису перфектно симетрична препоручује се да се, користећи неки програм за обраду фотографија окрене портрет како би се могао поставити на десну страну.
  • Уколико се у чланку налази много фотографија, размислите о укључивању галерије.
  • Користите {{Commons}} да повежете чланак са више слика на Википедијиној мултимедијалној остави, наравно уколико је то могуће.
  • Користите опис слике како би објаснили важност слике у чланку.
  • У највише случајева величина слике не би требала ручно да се уноси.

Тренути код за додаваље слике је отприлике овакав:

[[Слика:Slika.jpg|120п|десно|мини|Опис слике]]
Види још: Википедија:Упутства/Слике

Captions[уреди]

Vista-xmag.png За више информација погледајте чланак Wikipedia:Captions

Photos and other graphics should have captions unless they are "self-captioning", as in reproductions of album or book covers, or when the graphic is an unambiguous depiction of the subject of the article. For example, in a biography article, a caption is not needed for a portrait of the subject pictured alone; however, most entries use the name of the subject and the birth and death years and an approximation of the date when the image was taken: "John Smith (1812–95) circa 1880" or "John Smith (1812–95) on January 12, 1880 in Paris".

If the caption is a single sentence or a sentence fragment, it does not get a period at the end. If the caption contains more than one sentence, then each sentence should get a period at the end.

Captions should not be italicized unless they are book titles or related material. The caption always starts with a capital letter. Remember that the full information concerning the image is contained in the image entry, so people looking for more information can click on the photo to see the full details.

Неуређени спискови[уреди]

Следе правила за коришћење неуређених спискова (bulleted lists):

  • Уколико користите целе реченице, увек користите интерпункцију и ставите тачку на крају.
  • Непотпуним реченицама не траба интерпункција.
  • Не мешајте стилове реченица; користите или само целе реченице, или само делове реченица.
  • Свака ставка почиње великим почетним словом, чак и ако је у питању део реченице.

Identity[уреди]

This is perhaps one area where Wikipedians' flexibility and plurality are an asset, and where one would not wish all pages to look exactly alike. Wikipedia's neutral point of view and no original research policies always take precedence. However, here are some nonbinding guidelines that may help:

  • Where known, use terminology that subjects use for themselves (self-identification). This can mean using the term an individual uses for himself/herself, or using the term a group most widely uses for itself. This includes referring to transgender individuals according to the name and pronoun they use to identify themselves.
  • Use specific terminology: People from Ethiopia (a country in Africa) should be described as Ethiopian, not African.
  • Do not assume that any one term is the most inclusive or accurate.
  • However, a more general name will often prove to be more neutral or more accurate. For example, a List of African-American composers is acceptable, though a List of composers of African descent may be more useful.
  • If possible, terms used to describe people should be given in such a way that they qualify other nouns. Thus, black people, not blacks; gay people, not gays; and so forth.
  • Also note: The term Arab refers to people and things of ethnic Arab origin. The term Arabic refers to the Arabic language or writing system (and related concepts). For example, "Not all Arab people write or converse in Arabic, but nearly all are familiar with Arabic numerals."
  • In a direct quotation, use the original text, even if the originator does not conform with the above guidelines.

Wikilinking[уреди]

Vista-xmag.png За више информација погледајте чланак Wikipedia:Only make links that are relevant to the context

Make only links relevant to the context. It is not useful and can be very distracting to mark all possible words as hyperlinks. Links should add to the user's experience; they should not detract from it by making the article harder to read. A high density of links can draw attention away from the high-value links that you would like your readers to follow up. Redundant links clutter up the page and make future maintenance harder. A link is the equivalent of a footnote in a print medium. Imagine if every second word in an encyclopedia article were followed by "(see:)". Hence, the links should not be so numerous as to make the article harder to read.

Check links after they are wikified to make sure they direct to the correct concept; many dictionary words lead to disambiguation pages and not to complete articles on a concept. If an anchor into a targeted page (the label after a pound sign (#) in a URL) is available, is likely to remain stable, and gets the reader to the relevant area significantly faster, then use it.

When wikilinks are rendered as URLs by the MediaWiki software, the initial character becomes capitalized and spaces are replaced by underscores. When including wikilinks in an article, there is no need to use capitalization or underscores, since the software produces them automatically. This feature makes it possible to avoid a piped link in many cases. The correct form in English orthography can be used as a straight link. Wikilinks that begin sentences or are proper nouns should be capitalized as normal.

Dates[уреди]

Vista-xmag.png За више информација видети Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers) и Wikipedia:Build the web

Not every year listed in an article needs to be wikilinked. Ask yourself: will clicking on the year bring any useful information to the reader?

Do, however, wikilink years, using the [[As of XXXX]] form, when they refer to information that was current at the time of writing; this allows other editors to ensure that articles are kept up to date as time passes. Dates including a month and day should also be linked in order for user preferences on date formatting to work properly.

Разно[уреди]

Када све "падне у воду"[уреди]

Уколико ова страница на садржи информације које сте тражили:

  • Размотрите ваш проблем, или предложите непостојеће правило стила на Разговор о Википедији:Приручник стила
  • Једноставно разгледајте. Учитајте чланке и крените да их уређујете да бисте видели како су остали корисници склопили чланак. Након тога можете прекинути уређивање без направљене измене, али вам препоручујемо да разгледате и учите о стилу док сте тамо.

Држите „маркап“ једноставним[уреди]

Користите најједноставнији могући маркап како би све информације обухватили и показали их успешно. Коришћење HTML и CSS маркапа се не препоручује, али није забрањено, користите га искључиво са јаким разлогом.

Formatting issues[уреди]

Formatting issues such as font size, blank space and color are issues for the Wikipedia site-wide style sheet and should not be dealt with in articles except in special cases. If you absolutely must specify a font size, use a relative size, that is, font-size: 80%; not an absolute size, for example, font-size: 8pt. It is also almost never a good idea to use other style changes, such as font family or color.

Typically, the usage of custom font styles will

  1. reduce consistency — the text will no longer look uniform with typical text;
  2. reduce usability — it will likely be impossible for people with custom stylesheets (for accessibility reasons, for example) to override it, and it might clash with a different skin as well as bother people with color blindness;
  3. increase arguments — there is the possibility of other Wikipedians disagreeing with choice of font style and starting a debate about it for aesthetic purposes.

For such reasons, it is typically not good practice to apply inline CSS for font attributes in articles.

Color coding[уреди]

Using color alone to convey information (color coding) should not be done. This is not accessible to people with color blindness (especially monochromacy), on black-and-white printouts, on older monitors with fewer colors, on monochrome displays (PDAs, cell phones), and so on.

If it is necessary to use colors, try to choose colors that are unambiguous when viewed by a person with red-green color blindness (the most common type). In general, this means that shades of red and green should not both be used as color codes in the same image. Viewing the page with Vischeck can help with deciding if the colors should be altered.

It is certainly desirable to use color as an aid for those who can see it, but the information should still be accessible without it.

Невидљиви коментари[уреди]

Невидљиви коментари се користе за комуникацију са остаим уређивачима у самом чланку. Ови коментари су видљиви само када мењате чланак. То значи да су невидљиви обичним корисницима који сам читају чланак.

Нормално, уколико уређивач жели да продискутује нешто са другим потенцијалним уређивачима, користиће страницу за разговор. Међутим, понекад има више смисла оставити коментар у сам чланак, због тога што би уређивач који оставља поруку желео да остави неке инструкције или упутства другим уређивачима уколиок буду мењају чланак.

Уколико желите да оставите коментар, оградите текст који не желите да обични читачи виде са <!-- и -->.

На пример, текст:

Поздрав <!-- Ово је коментар --> свима.

ће се приказати као:

Поздрав свима.

Тако да се коментари могу видети само уколико уређујете чланак, тј. у самом коду чланка.

Запамтите: Коментари могу да произведу нежељена празна поља кад их остављате на нека места, као што су вех чланака. Избегавајте остављање коментара на места која би могла да измене приказивање чланак.

Читкост[уреди]

Обратите пажњу на читкост онога што пишете. Направите ваш унос тако да буде једноставан за читање. Разумно користите помоћна средства као што су несређени спискови, масна и курзивна слова, слике и др.

Спољашње везе[уреди]

Vista-xmag.png За више информација погледајте чланак Википедија:Спољашње везе

Везе ка сајтовима ван Википедије могу да се излистају на крају чланка или уклопљени у чланак. Класичан формат за спискове веза је да имају наслов под именом == Спољашње везе == и испод списак веза. Спољашње везе би требале да опишу садржај сајта, и означе зашто је сајт релевантан за чланак. На пример:

*[http://www.srbija.gov.rs/ Званична презентација Владе Србије]

Када се овако унесе у чланак, приказаће се као:

Спољашње везе могу да се уклопе у чланак како би пружили специфичне референце. Ове везе немају опис сем аутоматски генерисаног броја. На припер:

Пример текста. [http://www.primer.com]

Када се овако унесе у чланак, приказаће се као:

Пример текста. [1]

Уклопљене спољашње везе би требало да прати потпун цитат у делу чланка за референце.

Други приручници[уреди]