Heksogen

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Heksogen
RDX.svg
RDX 3D BallStick.png
IUPAC ime
Drugi nazivi RDX
ciklonit
1,3,5-Trinitro-1,3,5-triazacikloheksan
1,3,5-Trinitroheksahidro-s-triazin
Ciklotrimetilenetrinitramin
Identifikacija
CAS registarski broj 121-82-4 YesY
PubChem[1][2] 8490
ChemSpider[3] 8177 YesY
UN broj 0072, 0391, 0483
ChEBI 24556
Jmol-3D slike Slika 1
Svojstva
Molekulska formula C3H6N6O6
Molarna masa 222.12 g mol−1
Agregatno stanje Bezbojni kristali
Gustina 1,82 g/cm3
Tačka topljenja

205.5 °C, 479 K, 402 °F

Tačka ključanja

234 °C, 507 K, 453 °F

Podaci o eksplozivu
Osetljivost na šok Nizak
Osetljivost na trenje Nizak
Brzina eksploziva 8750 m/s
RE faktor 1,60
Opasnost
Opasnost u toku rada Eksploziv

 YesY (šta je ovo?)   (verifikuj)

Ukoliko nije drugačije napomenuto, podaci se odnose na standardno stanje (25 °C, 100 kPa) materijala

Infobox references

Heksogen (RDX) je eksplozivni nitroamin sa širokim spektrom vojnih i industrijskih upotreba. On je razvijen kao eksploziv koji je moćniji od TNT-a i u znatnoj meri je korišten tokom Drugog svetskog rata. Heksogen je takođe poznat kao ciklonit (posebno na nemačkom govornom području), i T4. Njegovo hemijsko ime je ciklotrimetilentrinitramin (ciklotrimetilen-trinitramin, ciklotrimetilen trinitramin).

U svom čistom stanju RDX je bela kristalna materija. On se često koristi u smeši sa drugim eksplozivima i plastifikatorima. RDX je stabilan tokom skladištenja i smatra se jednim od najmoćnijih i najrazornijih eksploziva.[4]

Reference[уреди]

  1. ^ Li Q, Cheng T, Wang Y, Bryant SH (2010). „PubChem as a public resource for drug discovery.“. Drug Discov Today 15 (23-24): 1052-7. DOI:10.1016/j.drudis.2010.10.003. PMID 20970519.  edit
  2. ^ Evan E. Bolton, Yanli Wang, Paul A. Thiessen, Stephen H. Bryant (2008). „Chapter 12 PubChem: Integrated Platform of Small Molecules and Biological Activities“. Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry 4: 217-241. DOI:10.1016/S1574-1400(08)00012-1. 
  3. ^ Hettne KM, Williams AJ, van Mulligen EM, Kleinjans J, Tkachenko V, Kors JA. (2010). „Automatic vs. manual curation of a multi-source chemical dictionary: the impact on text mining“. J Cheminform 2 (1): 3. DOI:10.1186/1758-2946-2-3. PMID 20331846.  edit
  4. ^ Department of the Army Technical Manual TM 9-1300-214: Military Explosives. Headquarters, Department of the Army (United States). 

Literatura[уреди]

  • Akhavan, Jacqueline (2004), The Chemistry of Explosives, Cambridge, UK: Royal Society of Chemistry, ISBN 0-85404-640-2 
  • Agrawal, Jai Prakhash.; Hodgson, Robert Dale (2007), Organic Chemistry of Explosives, Wiley, ISBN 978-0-470-02967-1 
  • Bachmann, W. E.; Sheehan, John C. (May 1949), „A New Method of Preparing the High Explosive RDX“, Journal of the American Chemical Society 71 (5): 1842-1845, DOI:10.1021/ja01173a092 
  • Bachmann, Werner E., "Method of Treating Cyclonite Mixtures", US patent 2680671, published 16. 7. 1943., issued 8. 6. 1954. 
  • Bachmann, Werner E., "Method for Preparing Explosives", US patent 2798870, published 16. 7. 1943., issued 9. 7. 1957. 
  • Baxter III, James Phinney (1968) [1946], Scientists Against Time (MIT Paperback ed.), Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, ISBN 978-0-262-52012-6, OCLC 476611116 
  • Cocroft, Wayne D. (2000). Dangerous Energy: The archaeology of gunpowder and military explosives manufacture. Swindon: English Heritage. ISBN 1-85074-718-0. 
  • Cooper, Paul W. (1996), Explosives Engineering, New York: Wiley-VCH, ISBN 0-471-18636-8 
  • Davis, Tenney L. (1943), The Chemistry of Powder and Explosives, II, New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc. 
  • Elderfield, Robert C. (1960), Werner Emanual Bachmann: 1901-1951, Washington DC: National Academy of Sciences 
  • Gartz, Jochen (2007) (на German), Vom griechischen Feuer zum Dynamit: eine Kulturgeschichte der Explosivstoffe‎ (From Greek fire to dynamite: A cultural history of explosives), Hamburg: E. S. Mittler & Sohn, ISBN 978-3-8132-0867-2 
  • Gilman, Henry (1953), „The Chemistry of Explosives“, Organic Chemistry an Advanced Treatise, III, Wiley; Chapman & Hall, pp. 985-986 
  • Hale, George C. (November 3, 1925), „The Nitration of Hexamethylenetetramine“, Journal of the American Chemical Society 47 (11): 2754-2763, DOI:10.1021/ja01688a017 
  • Hampton, L. D. (15. 6. 1960.), The Development of RDX Composition CH-6, White Oak, MD: U. S. Naval Ordnance Laboratory, NavOrd Report 680 
  • Henning, Georg Friedrich, DE patent 104280, issued 14. 6. 1899. .
  • von Herz, Edmund, "Improvements relating to Explosives", GB patent 145791, issued 17. 3. 1921. 
  • von Herz, Edmund, "Explosive", US patent 1402693, issued 3. 1. 1922. 
  • Hornby, William (1958), Factories and Plant, History of the Second World War: United Kingdom Civil Series, London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office; Longmans, Green and Co. 
  • MacDonald and Mack Partnership (August 1984), Final Properties Report: Newport Army Ammunition Plant, National Park Service, AD-A175 818 
  • Meyer, Rudolf (1987), Explosives (3rd ed.), VCH Publishers, ISBN 0-89573-600-4 
  • Schiessler, Robert Walter & James Hamilton Ross, "Method of Preparing 1.3.5. Trinitro Hexahydro S-Triazine", GB patent 595354, issued 3. 12. 1947. 
  • Simmons, W.H.; Forster, A.; Bowden, R. C. (August 1948), „The Manufacture of R.D.X. in Great Britain: Part II – Raw Materials and Ancillary Processes“, The Industrial Chemist 24: 530-545 
  • Simmons, W.H.; Forster, A.; Bowden, R. C. (September 1948), „The Manufacture of R.D.X. in Great Britain: Part III – Production of the Explosive“, The Industrial Chemist 24: 593-601 
  • Urbański, Tadeusz (1967), Chemistry and Technology of Explosives, III (First English ed.), Warszawa: PWN - Polish Scientific Publishers and Pergamon Press, OCLC 499857211 . Translation by Marian Jurecki, edited by Sylvia Laverton. See also ISBN 978-0-08-010401-0.
  • Urbański translation http://openlibrary.org/books/OL3160546M/Chemistry_and_technology_of_explosives, Macmillan, NY, 1964, ISBN 0-08-026206-6.
  • Department of the Army Technical Manual TM 9-1300-214: Military Explosives. Headquarters, Department of the Army (United States). 

Spoljašnje veze[уреди]