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Fizička vežba — разлика између измена

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Верзија на датум 24. новембар 2019. у 07:51

Fizička vežba je svaka telesna aktivnost koja poboljšava ili održava physical fitness and overall health and wellness.[1]

It is performed for various reasons, to aid growth and improve strength, preventing aging, developing muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, improving health[2] and also for enjoyment. Many individuals choose to exercise outdoors where they can congregate in groups, socialize, and enhance well-being.[3]

In terms of health benefits, the amount of recommended exercise depends upon the goal, the type of exercise, and the age of the person. Even doing a small amount of exercise is healthier than doing none.[4]

Klasifikacija

Instruktor vežbe aerobika u SAD motiše svoju grupu da drži korak.

Fizičke vežbe se generalno grupišu u tri tipa, zavisno od sveukupnog uticaja koji imaju na ljudsko telo:[5]

Physical exercise can also include training that focuses on accuracy, agility, power, and speed.[9]

Types of exercise can also be classified as dynamic or static. 'Dynamic' exercises such as steady running, tend to produce a lowering of the diastolic blood pressure during exercise, due to the improved blood flow. Conversely, static exercise (such as weight-lifting) can cause the systolic pressure to rise significantly, albeit transiently, during the performance of the exercise.[10]

Reference

  1. ^ Kylasov A, Gavrov S (2011). Diversity Of Sport: non-destructive evaluation. Paris: UNESCO: Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems. стр. 462—91. ISBN 978-5-89317-227-0. 
  2. ^ „7 great reasons why exercise matters”. Mayo Clinic (на језику: енглески). Приступљено 2. 11. 2018. 
  3. ^ Bergstrom, Kristine; Muse, Toby; Tsai, Michelle; Strangio, Sebastian. „Fitness for Foreigners”. Slate Magazine. Slate Magazine. Приступљено 5. 12. 2016. 
  4. ^ „Exercise”. UK NHS Live Well (на језику: енглески). 2018-04-26. Приступљено 2019-11-13. 
  5. ^ а б в г д ђ е ж National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (јун 2006). „Your Guide to Physical Activity and Your Heart” (PDF). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 
  6. ^ Wilmore J.; Knuttgen H. (2003). „Aerobic Exercise and Endurance Improving Fitness for Health Benefits”. The Physician and Sportsmedicine. 31 (5): 45—51. PMID 20086470. doi:10.3810/psm.2003.05.367. 
  7. ^ De Vos N.; Singh N.; Ross D.; Stavrinos T. (2005). „Optimal Load for Increasing Muscle Power During Explosive Resistance Training in Older Adults”. The Journals of Gerontology. 60A (5): 638—47. PMID 15972618. doi:10.1093/gerona/60.5.638. 
  8. ^ O'Connor D.; Crowe M.; Spinks W. (2005). „Effects of static stretching on leg capacity during cycling”. Turin. 46 (1): 52—56. 
  9. ^ „What Is Fitness?” (PDF). The CrossFit Journal. октобар 2002. стр. 4. Приступљено 12. 9. 2010. 
  10. ^ de Souza Nery S, Gomides RS, da Silva GV, de Moraes Forjaz CL, Mion D Jr, Tinucci T (1. 3. 2010). „Intra-Arterial Blood Pressure Response in Hypertensive Subjects during Low- and High-Intensity Resistance Exercise”. Clinics. 65 (3): 271—77. PMC 2845767Слободан приступ. PMID 20360917. doi:10.1590/S1807-59322010000300006. 

Literatura

  • Dobbins, Maureen; Husson, Heather; DeCorby, Kara; LaRocca, Rebecca L (28. 2. 2013). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. стр. CD007651. PMID 23450577. doi:10.1002/14651858.cd007651.pub2. 
  • Hubal MJ, Gordish-Dressman H, Thompson PD, Price TB, Hoffman EP, Angelopoulos TJ, Gordon PM, Moyna NM, Pescatello LS, Visich PS, Zoeller RF, Seip RL, Clarkson PM (јун 2005). „Variability in muscle size and strength gain after unilateral resistance training”. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 37 (6): 964—72. PMID 15947721. 
  • Brutsaert TD, Parra EJ (2006). „What makes a champion? Explaining variation in human athletic performance”. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology. 151 (2–3): 109—23. PMID 16448865. doi:10.1016/j.resp.2005.12.013. 
  • Geddes, Linda (28. 7. 2007). „Superhuman”. New Scientist. стр. 35—41. 

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