Католицизам (термин)

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Католицизам или католичанство (лат. catholicismus; од грч. καθολικόςуниверзалан, свеопшти) широк је теолошки термин (види и католичност) који се односи на читав спектар питања хришћанске доктрине, литургије, етике, духовности и верског живота уошпте.[1][2]

У колоквијалном смислу, католичанство се често користи као синоним за Католичку цркву, највећу хришћанску вјероисповијест на планети, или за цркве које су у пуном општењу са Светом столицом.[3] У теолошком значењу „саборности“, као једно од обиљежја хришћанске цркве, овај појам баштини и Православна црква и древноисточне цркве.[4][5]

Види још[уреди]

Референце[уреди]

  1. McBrien, Richard P. (1994). Catholicism. HarperCollins. стр. 3—19. ISBN 9780060654054. 
  2. For McBrien, the "broad term" refers exclusively and specifically to that "Communion of Catholic Churches" in communion with the Bishop of Rome. Richard McBrien, The Church: The Evolution of Catholicism (New York: HarperOne, 2008), 6, 281-82, and 356. In its Letter on Some Aspects of the Church Understood as Communion the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith stressed that the idea of the universal church as a communion of churches must not be presented as meaning that "every particular Church is a subject complete in itself, and that the universal church is the result of a reciprocal recognition on the part of the particular Churches". It insisted that "the universal Church cannot be conceived as the sum of the particular Churches, or as a federation of particular Churches".
  3. McBrien, Catholicism, 19-20.
  4. Ware, The Orthodox Church, 316.
  5. Commenting on this Orthodox/Roman Catholic ecclesiology, Anglican historian Henry Chadwick notes that "The great partiarchates were for him [Hiketas of Nicomedia, Orthodox theologian of the 12 century] 'sisters'. Among them Rome certainly had the first place, to be appealed to in case of doubt and question, but how could it be said on such a basis that the Greek Church with its ancient customs was less God's Church than the Church of the Latin West? The kind of primacy to which Anselm [Latin theologian, Anselm of Havelberg] appealed seemed to Niketas not to belong to the ancient patristic age." Henry Chadwick, "Trouble in the Family", The Tablet, 9 September 2000, 1186.

Литература[уреди]

  • McBrien, Richard P. (1994). Catholicism. HarperCollins. стр. 3—19. ISBN 9780060654054.