Кarl Sеndberg

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Кarl Sеndberg
Photograph of Sandburg
Sendberg 1955. godine
Ime po rođenjuKarl Avgust Sendberg[1]
Datum rođenja6 januar, 1878(1878-01-06)
Mesto rođenjaGejlsburg, Ilinois
 SAD
Datum smrti22. jul 1967.(1967-07-22) (89 god.)
Mesto smrtiFlat Rok, Severna Karolina
 SAD
PrebivališteSAD
Državljanstvoameričko
UniverzitetLombar koledž (nije diplomirao)
Zanimanjenovinar, autor
Radovi
SupružnikLilijan Stajčen
Deca3
Nagrade

Karl Avgust Sendberg (6. januar 1878 – 22. jul 1967) bio je američki pesnik, biograf, novinar i urednik. On je dobio tri Pulicerove nagrade: dve za njegovu poeziju i jednu za njegovu biografiju Abrahama Lincolna. Tokom svog života Sendberg je smatran „vodećom figurom u savremenoj literaturi”, posebno zbog tomova njegovih sabranih stihova, uključujući Čikaške pesme (1916), Kornhaskere (1918) i Dim i čelik (1920).[2] On je uživao je u „nenadmašnoj privlačnosti pesnika svog vremena, možda zato što ga je širina njegovih iskustava povezivala sa toko puno niti američkog života”.[3] Na komeraciji povodom njegove smrti 1967. godine, predsednik Lindon B. Džonson je primetio da „Karl Sendberg je bio više od glasa Amerike, više od pesnika njegove snage i genijalnosti. On je bio je Amerika.”[4]

Život[уреди | уреди извор]

Кarl Sеndberg je rođen u trosobnoj kući na adresi 313 Istočna treća ulica u Galesbergu u državi Ilinois, kao sin Klare Matilde (rođene Anderson) i Avgusta Sendberga.[1] Njegovi roditelji su bili švedskog porekla.[5] Nadimak „Čarles” ili „Čarli” usvojio je u osnovnoj školi otprilike u isto vreme kada su on i njegova dva najstarija srodinka promenili pravopis prezimena u „Sandburg”.[1][6][7]

Sa trinaest godina napustio je školu i počeo da vozi kamion za mleko. Od oko četrnaest do sedamnaest ili osamnaest godina radio je kao portir u brijačnici hotela Union u Galesbergu.[8] Nakon toga, ponovo je radio kao raznosač mleka tokom 18 meseci. Potom je postao zidar i radnik na pšenicičnim poljima u Kanzasu.[9] Nakon intervala provedenog u koledžu Lombard u Galesbergu,[10] on je postao hotelski sluga u Denveru, a zatim ložač uglja u Omahi. On je započeo karijeru pisca kao novinar za Čikago Dejli Njuz. Kasnije je pisao poeziju, bavio se istorijom, pisao biografije, romane, dečiju literaturu i kritike o filmovima. Sendberg je takođe sakupljao i uređivao knjige balada i folklora. Veći deo svog života proveo je na Srednjem zapadu pre nego što je preselio u Severnu Karolinu.

Sendberg je dobrovoljno otišao u vojsku (nije bilo regrutovanja) i bio je stacioniran u Portoriku sa 6. pešačkom Ilinoiskim pešadijskim odredom tokom Špansko-američkog rata,[11] iskrcavajući se u Gvanici, Portoriko, 25. jula 1898. Sendberg nikada zapravo nije bio poslat u bitku. On je pohađao vojnu akademiju Vest Pojnt samo dve nedelje, pre nego što je pao na ispitima iz matematike i gramatike. Sendberg se vratio u Galesberg i upisao koledž Lombard, ali je studije napustio bez diplome 1903. godine. Zatim se preselio u Milvoki u Viskonsinu, i pridružio se Socijaldemokratskoj partiji, imenu po kojem je Socijalistička partija Amerike bila poznata u toj državi. Sendberg je služio kao sekretar Emila Sajdela, socijalističkog gradonačelnika Milvokija od 1910. do 1912.[12]

Sendberg se upoznao sa Lilijan Stajčen (1883-1977) u kancelariji Socijaldemokratske partije 1907, a venčali su se sledeće godine. Njen brat bio je fotograf Edvard Stajčen. Sandburg je sa suprugom, koju je zvao Pola, odgajao tri kćerke. Sendbergovi su se preselili u Harbert u Mičigenu, a potom u predgrađe Čikaga u državi Ilinois. Oni su živeli u Evanstonu u državi Ilinois pre nego što su se nastanili na adresi 331 S. Jork ulica u Elmherstu u državi Ilinois od 1919. do 1930. Tokom tog vremena Sendberg je napisao Čikaške poeme (1916), Kornhaskeri (1918) i Dim i čelik (1920).[2] Godine 1919. Sendberg je dobio Pulizerovu nagradu „omogućenu posebnom stipendijom Poetskog društva” zbog njegove zbirke Kornhaskeri.[13][14]

Bibliografija[уреди | уреди извор]

  • In Reckless Ecstasy (1904) (poetry) (originally published as Charles Sandburg)
  • Incidentals (1904) (poetry and prose) (originally published as Charles Sandburg)
  • Plaint of a Rose (1908) (poetry) (originally published as Charles Sandburg)
  • Joseffy (1910) (prose) (originally published as Charles Sandburg)
  • You and Your Job (1910) (prose) (originally published as Charles Sandburg)
  • Chicago Poems (1916) (poetry)
  • Cornhuskers (1918) (poetry)
  • Chicago Race Riots (1919) (prose) (with an introduction by Walter Lippmann)
  • Clarence Darrow of Chicago (1919) (prose)
  • Smoke and Steel (1920) (poetry)
  • Rootabaga Stories (1922) (children's stories)
  • Slabs of the Sunburnt West (1922) (poetry)
  • Rootabaga Pigeons (1923) (children's stories)
  • Selected Poems (1926) (poetry)
  • Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years (1926) (biography)
  • The American Songbag (1927) (folk songs)[15][16]
  • Songs of America (1927) (folk songs) (collected by Sandburg; edited by Alfred V. Frankenstein)
  • Abe Lincoln Grows Up (1928) (biography [primarily for children])
  • Good Morning, America (1928) (poetry)
  • Steichen the Photographer (1929) (history)
  • Early Moon (1930) (poetry)
  • Potato Face (1930) (children's stories)
  • Mary Lincoln: Wife and Widow (1932) (biography)
  • The People, Yes (1936) (poetry)
  • Abraham Lincoln: The War Years (1939) (biography)
  • Storm over the Land (1942) (biography) (excerpts from Sandburg's own Abraham Lincoln: The War Years)
  • Road to Victory (1942) (exhibition catalog) (text by Sandburg; images compiled by Edward Steichen and published by the Museum of Modern Art)
  • Home Front Memo (1943) (essays)
  • Remembrance Rock (1948) (novel)
  • Lincoln Collector: the story of the Oliver R. Barrett Lincoln collection (1949) (prose)
  • The New American Songbag (1950) (folk songs)
  • Complete Poems (1950) (poetry)
  • The Wedding Procession of the Rag Doll and the Broom Handle and Who Was In It (1950) (children's story)
  • Always the Young Strangers (1953) (autobiography)
  • Selected Poems of Carl Sandburg (1954) (poetry) (edited by Rebecca West)
  • The Family of Man (1955) (exhibition catalog) (introduction; images compiled by Edward Steichen)
  • Prairie-Town Boy (1955) (autobiography) (essentially excerpts from Always the Young Strangers)
  • Sandburg Range (1957) (prose and poetry)
  • Harvest Poems, 1910–1960 (1960) (poetry)
  • Wind Song (1960) (poetry)
  • The World of Carl Sandburg (1960) (stage production) (adapted and directed by Norman Corwin, dramatic readings by Bette Davis and Leif Erickson, singing and guitar by Clark Allen, with closing cameo by Sandburg himself)
  • Carl Sandburg at Gettysburg (1961) (documentary)
  • Honey and Salt (1963) (poetry)
  • The Letters of Carl Sandburg (1968) (autobiographical/correspondence) (edited by Herbert Mitgang)
  • Breathing Tokens (poetry by Sandburg, edited by Margaret Sandburg) (1978) (poetry)
  • Ever the Winds of Chance (1983) (autobiography) (started by Sandburg, completed by Margaret Sandburg and George Hendrick)
  • Carl Sandburg at the Movies: a poet in the silent era, 1920–1927 (1985) (selections of his reviews of silent movies; collected and edited by Dale Fetherling and Doug Fetherling)
  • Billy Sunday and other poems (1993) (edited with an introduction by George Hendrick and Willene Hendrick)
  • Poems for Children Nowhere Near Old Enough to Vote (1999) (compiled and with an introduction by George and Willene Hendrick)
  • Poems for the People. (1999) 73 newfound poems from his early years in Chicago, edited with an introduction by George Hendrick and Willene Hendrick
  • Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years and the War Years (2007) (illustrated edition with an introduction by Alan Axelrod)

Reference[уреди | уреди извор]

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 Sandburg, Carl (1953). Always the Young Strangers. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company. стр. 29, 39.  Sandburg's father's last name was originally "Danielson" or "Sturm". He could read but not write, and he accepted whatever spelling other people used. The young Carl, sister Mary, and brother Mart changed the spelling to "Sandburg" when in elementary school.
  2. 2,0 2,1 Danilov, Victor (26. 9. 2013). Famous Americans: A Directory of Museums, Historic Sites, and Memorials. Scarecrow Press. стр. 198. ISBN 9780810891869. Приступљено 6. 1. 2015. 
  3. ^ Heitman, Danny (2013). „A Workingman's Poet”. Humanities. Приступљено 6. 1. 2014. 
  4. ^ Callahan, North (1. 10. 1990). Carl Sandburg: His Life and Works. Pennsylvania State University Press. стр. 233. ISBN 978-0271004860. Приступљено 7. 1. 2015. 
  5. ^ "Carl Sandburg", United States History.
  6. ^ Sandburg in 1953 was not able to recall his younger self's reasons, but he relates that being able to correctly pronounce "ch" was a mark of assimilation among Swedish immigrants.
  7. ^ Penelope Niven (18. 8. 2012). „American Masters: Carl Sandburg Timeline”. PBS. Приступљено 19. 1. 2014. 
  8. ^ Prairie-Town Boy, by Carl Sandburg, 1955. "timforsythe.com" Архивирано 2013-02-16 на сајту Archive.today
  9. ^ Selected Poems of Carl Sandburg, edited by Rebecca West, 1954
  10. ^ Carl Sandburg College. "History" Архивирано 2013-02-07 на сајту Wayback Machine
  11. ^ *Mason, Jr., Herbert Molloy (1999). Kolb, Richard K., ур. VFW: Our First CenturyНеопходна слободна регистрација. Lenexa, Kansas: Addax Publishing Group. стр. 13, 90. ISBN 1-88611072-7. LCCN 99-24943. 
  12. ^ "Revolt Develops Poet", The Western Comrade, vol. 2, no. 3 (July 1914), p. 23.
  13. ^ "Poetry". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
  14. ^ „12 Search Results”. Pulitzer.org. Приступљено 25. 4. 2013. 
  15. ^ „Carl Sandburg Sings On WMAQ Today”. The Milwaukee Journal. 10. 1. 1928. Приступљено 6. 12. 2010. 
  16. ^ „The American Songbag (1927)”. Приступљено 25. 4. 2013. 

Literatura[уреди | уреди извор]

  • Niven, Penelope. Carl Sandburg: A Biography. New York: Scribner's, 1991.
  • Sandburg, Carl. The Letters of Carl Sandburg. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1968.
  • Sandburg, Helga. A Great and Glorious Romance: The Story of Carl Sandburg and Lilian Steichen. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1978.

Spoljašnje veze[уреди | уреди извор]