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Holin — разлика између измена

2.644 бајта додата ,  пре 8 година
нема резимеа измене
м (Бот: Селим 31 међујезичких веза, које су сад на Википодацима на d:q193166)
{{chembox-lat
[[File:Choline-skeletal.png|thumb|right|200px|-{''N'',''N'',''N''}--trimetiletanolamonijum katjon, sa nedefinisanim [[анјон|anjonom]], X<sup>&minus;</sup>]]
| Watchedfields =
| verifiedrevid = 477165756
| Name = Holin
| ImageFile = Choline-skeletal.png
| ImageSize = 200px
| ImageAlt = Skeletal formula
| ImageName = The ''N'',''N'',''N''-trimethylethanolammonium cation, with an undefined counteranion, X
| ImageFile1 = Choline-cation-3D-balls.png
| ImageSize1 = 180
| ImageAlt1 = Ball-and-stick model
| ImageName1 =
| IUPACName = 2-Hidroksi--{''N'',''N'',''N''}--trimetiletanaminijum
| SystematicName =
| OtherNames = Bilinurin, (2-Hidroksietil)trimetilamonijum
| Section1 = {{Chembox Identifiers-lat
| 3DMet =
| Abbreviations =
| ATCvet =
| ATCCode_prefix =
| ATCCode_suffix =
| ATC_Supplemental =
| Beilstein = 1736748
| CASNo = 62–49–7
| CASNo_Ref = {{cascite|correct|}}
| CASNos =
| CASOther =
| ChEBI_Ref = {{ebicite|correct|EBI}}
| ChEBI = 15354
| ChemSpiderID_Ref = {{chemspidercite|correct|chemspider}}
| ChemSpiderID = 299
| DrugBank_Ref = {{drugbankcite|correct|drugbank}}
| DrugBank = DB00122
| EC-number = 200–655–4
| EINECS =
| EINECSCASNO =
| Gmelin = 324597
| InChI = InChI=1S/C5H14NO/c1-6(2,3)4-5-7/h7H,4-5H2,1-3H3/q+1
| KEGG_Ref = {{keggcite|correct|kegg}}
| KEGG = C00114
| MeSHName =
| UNII_Ref = {{fdacite|correct|FDA}}
| UNII = N91BDP6H0X
| ChEMBL_Ref = {{ebicite|correct|EBI}}
| ChEMBL = 920
| StdInChI_Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}}
| StdInChI = 1S/C5H14NO/c1-6(2,3)4-5-7/h7H,4-5H2,1-3H3/q+1
| StdInChIKey_Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}}
| StdInChIKey = OEYIOHPDSNJKLS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
| PubChem = 6209
| RTECS =
| SMILES = C[N+](C)(C)CCO
| UNNumber =
}}
| Section2 = {{Chembox Properties-lat
| AtmosphericOHRateConstant =
| Appearance =
| BoilingPtC = 305
| Boiling_notes =
| Density = 1,09 g/ml
| Formula = C<sub>5</sub>H<sub>14</sub>NO
| HenryConstant =
| LogP =
| MolarMass = 104,17080
| MeltingPt =
| Melting_notes =
| pKa =
| pKb =
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| Solvent =
| VaporPressure =}}
| Section3 = {{Chembox Structure-lat
| Coordination =
| CrystalStruct =
| MolShape = }}
| Section4 = {{Chembox Thermochemistry-lat
| DeltaHc =
| DeltaHf =
| Entropy =
| HeatCapacity = }}
| Section5 = {{Chembox Pharmacology-lat
| AdminRoutes =
| Bioavail =
| Excretion =
| HalfLife =
| Metabolism =
| Legal_status =
| Legal_US =
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| PregCat =
| PregCat_AU =
| PregCat_US =
| ProteinBound = }}
| Section6 = {{Chembox Explosive-lat
| ExplosiveV =
| FrictionSens =
| REFactor =
| ShockSens = }}
| Section7 = {{Chembox Hazards-lat
| Autoignition =
| EUClass =
| EUIndex =
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| ExternalMSDS =
| FlashPt =
| LD50 =
| MainHazards =
| NFPA-H =
| NFPA-F =
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| NFPA-O =
| PEL =
| RPhrases =
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| SPhrases = }}
| Section8 = {{Chembox Related-lat
| Function =
| OtherAnions =
| OtherCations =
| OtherCpds =
| OtherFunctn = }}
}}
'''Holin''' je [[Rastvorljivost|u vodi rastvoran]] [[esencijalni nutrijent]].<ref>{{pauling|id=othernuts/choline/|title=Choline|author=Jane Higdon}}</ref><ref name="Zeisel SH, da Costa KA 2009 615–23">{{cite journal |author=Zeisel SH, da Costa KA |title=Choline: an essential nutrient for public health |journal=Nutrition Reviews |volume=67 |issue=11 |pages=615–23 |year=2009 |month=November |pmid=19906248 |pmc=2782876 |doi=10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00246.x}}</ref><ref>-{"[http://www.abc.net.au/rn/talks/8.30/helthrpt/stories/s119524.htm Choline]" (An interview with Steven Zeisel, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry), ''Radio National Health Report with Norman Swan'', Monday 17 April 2000}-</ref><ref>-{"[http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=6015&page=390]" Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B<sub>6</sub>, Folate, Vitamin B<sub>12</sub>, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline (1998), Institute of Medicine.}-</ref> On se obično svrstava u [[Vitamin B|B-kompleks vitamina]]. Holin se normalno javlja u obliku raznih [[kvaternarni amonijum katjon|kvaternarnih amonijum soli]] koje sadrže -{''N'',''N'',''N''}--trimetiletanolamonijum [[katjon]].