Fransis Krik

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Fransis Krik
Francis Crick.png
Fransis Krik
Rođen 8. jun 1916.
Veston Favel, Nortemptonšir, Engleska
Umro 28. jul 2004.
San Dijego, Kalifornija, SAD
Rak debelog creva
Prebivalište UK, SAD.
Nacionalnost Britanska
Polja Fizika, Molekularna biologija
Institutije Institut za unapređenje genetičkih ispitvanja
Alma mater Univerzitetski koledž London
Univerzitet u Kembridžu
Mentor Max Perutz
Poznat po DNK struktura
Značajna priznanja Nobelova Nagrada (1962)
Potpis

Fransis Hari Kompton Krik (енглески: Francis Crick; 8. jun 191628. jul 2004) je bio engleski molekularni biolog, biofizičar, i neuro naučnik. Najpoznatiji je po otkriću strukture DNK molekula 1953. zajedno sa Džejmsom D. Votsonom. On, Votson i Moris Vilkins su zajedno nagrađeni 1962. Nobelovom nagradom za fiziologiju ili medicinu „za otkriće molekulske strukture nukleinskih kiselina i njihovog značaja za transfer informacija u živim materijalima“.[1]

Krik je bio važan teoretski molekularni biolog i imao je ključnu ulogu u istraživanjima vezanim za otkriće genetičkog koda. Poznat je takođe i po upotrebi termina “centralna dogma” kojom se sumira ideja da genetske informacije teku u ćelijama isključivo u jednom pravcu, od DNK do RNK do proteina.[2]

Bio je profesor na Salk institutu za biološke studije u La Džoli, Kalifornija. Njegova kasnija istraživanja odnosila su se na oblast teorijske neurobiologije.[3]

Reference[уреди]

  1. ^ The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1962. Nobel Prize Site for Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1962.
  2. ^ Ridley 2006, стр. 192.
  3. ^ Shermer, Michael (30. 07. 2004). „Astonishing Mind: Francis Crick 1916–2004”. Skeptics Society. Приступљено 25. 08. 2006. 

Literatura[уреди]

  • Of Molecules and Men (Prometheus Books. 2004; original edition ). 1967. ISBN 978-1-59102-185-8.
  • Life Itself: Its Origin and Nature (Simon & Schuster). 1981. ISBN 978-0-671-25562-6.
  • What Mad Pursuit: A Personal View of Scientific Discovery (Basic Books reprint edition). 1990. ISBN 978-0-465-09138-6.
  • The Astonishing Hypothesis: The Scientific Search For The Soul (Scribner reprint edition). 1995. ISBN 978-0-684-80158-2.
  • Kreiseliana: about and around Georg Kreisel;. ISBN 978-1-56881-061-4.; 495 pages. For pages 25 – 32 "Georg Kreisel: a Few Personal Recollections" contributed by Francis Crick.
  • John Bankston, Francis Crick and James D. Watson (2002). Francis Crick and James Watson: Pioneers in DNA Research. (Mitchell Lane Publishers, Inc.). ISBN 978-1-58415-122-7. 
  • Bryson, Bill (2003). A Short History of Nearly Everything. (Broadway Books). ISBN 978-0-7679-0817-7. 
  • Soraya De Chadarevian (2002). Designs For Life: Molecular Biology After World War II. CUP. стр. 444. ISBN 978-0-521-57078-7. 
  • Roderick Braithwaite. ""'Strikingly Alive', The History of the Mill Hill School Foundation 1807-2007; published Phillimore & Co. ISBN 978-1-86077-330-3.
  • Edwin Chargaff; Heraclitean Fire, Rockefeller Press, 1978.
  • S. Chomet (Ed.), "D.N.A. Genesis of a Discovery", 1994, Newman- Hemisphere Press, London
  • Dickerson, Richard E.. "Present at the Flood: How Structural Molecular Biology Came About", Sinauer. 2005. ISBN 978-0-87893-168-2.
  • Edward Edelson. "Francis Crick And James Watson: And the Building Blocks of Life"' Oxford University Press. 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513971-6.
  • John Finch; 'A Nobel Fellow On Every Floor', Medical Research Council. 2008. ISBN 978-1-84046-940-0. стр. 381.
  • Hager, Thomas. "Force of Nature: The Life of Linus Pauling", Simon & Schuster. 1995. ISBN 978-0-684-80909-0.
  • Hunter, Graeme (2004). Light Is A Messenger, the life and science of William Lawrence Bragg. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-852921-7. .
  • Cape, Jonathan (1977). Horace Freeland Judson. "The Eighth Day of Creation. Makers of the Revolution in Biology"; Penguin Books 1995, first published. ISBN 978-0-14-017800-5. 
  • Errol C. Friedberg. "Sydney Brenner: A Biography", pub. CSHL Press October. 2010. ISBN 978-0-87969-947-5.
  • Torsten Krude (Ed.); DNA Changing Science and Society. ISBN 978-0-521-82378-4. CUP 2003. (The Darwin Lectures for 2003, including one by Sir Aaron Klug on Rosalind Franklin's involvement in the determination of the structure of DNA).
  • Brenda Maddox Rosalind Franklin: The Dark Lady of DNA. 2002. ISBN 978-0-00-655211-6.
  • Robert Olby; The Path to The Double Helix: Discovery of DNA; first published in October 1974 by MacMillan, with foreword by Francis Crick;. ISBN 978-0-486-68117-7.; revised in 1994, with a 9-page postscript.
  • Robert Olby; Oxford National Dictionary article: ‘Crick, Francis Harry Compton (1916–2004)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, January 2008.
  • Robert Olby. "Francis Crick: Hunter of Life's Secrets", Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. ISBN 978-0-87969-798-3.. , published on 25 August 2009.
  • Ridley, Matt (2006). Francis Crick: Discoverer of the Genetic Code (Eminent Lives). HarperCollins Publishers. стр. 192. ISBN 978-0-06-082333-7. 
  • Sayre, Anne (1975). Rosalind Franklin and DNA. New York: W.W. Norton and Company. ISBN 978-0-393-32044-2. 
  • Watson, James D. (1980). The Double Helix: A Personal Account of the Discovery of the Structure of DNA. Atheneum. ISBN 978-0-689-70602-8.  (first published in 1968) is a very readable firsthand account of the research by Crick and Watson. The book also formed the basis of the award winning television dramatization Life Story by BBC Horizon (also broadcast as Race for the Double Helix).
  • Stent, Gunther S. James D. Watson. The Double Helix: A Personal Account of the Discovery of the Structure of DNA; The Norton Critical Edition, which was published in 1980, edited. ISBN 978-0-393-01245-3. 
  • James D. Watson; "Avoid boring people and other lessons from a life in science" New York: Random House. ISBN 978-0-375-41284-4.., 366pp.
  • Maurice Wilkins. The Third Man of the Double Helix: The Autobiography of Maurice Wilkins. ISBN 978-0-19-860665-9.

Spoljašnje veze[уреди]