Kljun

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Različite vrste ptičjih kljunova

Kljun (lat. rostro) je osnovni deo ptičjeg tela. To je dobro razvijeni rožnati organ koji pticama služi za lov, hvatanje hrane i uzimanje hrane.

Građa kljuna[уреди]

Oblik i veličina kljuna su veoma različiti i od njih zavisi i način ishrane ptice. Moze biti dug, kratak, širok ili sitan. Na gornjem delu kljuna se nalaze nosni otvori koji sliže za disanje i kojima ptica oseća mirise.

Boja kljuna[уреди]

Kod gavrana je crne boje, kod rode narandzaste, a kod ševe bele.

Literatura[уреди]

  • Armstrong, Edward Allworthy (1965). Bird Display and Behaviour: An Introduction to the Study of Bird Psychology. New York: Dover Publications. LCCN 64013457. 
  • Campbell, Bruce; Lack, Elizabeth, ур. (1985). A Dictionary of Birds. Carlton, England: T and A D Poyser. ISBN 0-85661-039-9. 
  • Coues, Elliott (1890). Handbook of Field and General Ornithology. London: Macmillan and Co. OCLC 263166207. 
  • Gilbertson, Lance (1999). Zoology Lab Manual (4 изд.). New York: McGraw Hill Companies. ISBN 0-07-237716-X. 
  • Gill, Frank B. (1995). Ornithology (2 изд.). New York, NY: W. H. Freeman and Company. ISBN 0-7167-2415-4. 
  • Girling, Simon (2003). Veterinary Nursing of Exotic Pets. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 1-4051-0747-2. 
  • Hill, Geoffrey E. (2010). National Geographic Bird Coloration. Washington, DC: National Geographic. ISBN 1-4262-0571-6. 
  • Howell, Steve N. G. (2007). Gulls of the Americas. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-618-72641-1. 
  • King, Anthony Stuart; McLelland, John, ур. (1985). Form and Function in Birds, volume 3. London, UK: Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-407503-7. 
  • Mullarney, Killian; Svensson, Lars; Zetterström, Dan; Grant, Peter J. (1999). Collins Bird Guide: The Most Complete Field Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-711332-3. 
  • Proctor, Noble S.; Lynch, Patrick J. (1998). Manual of Ornithology: Avian Structure and Function. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-07619-3. 
  • Rogers, Lesley J.; Kaplan, Gisela T. (2000). Songs, Roars and Rituals: Communication in Birds, Mammals and Other Animals. Boston, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-00827-8. 
  • Samour, Jaime, ур. (2000). Avian Medicine. London, UK: Mosby. ISBN 0-7234-2960-X.