Robert Nojs

С Википедије, слободне енциклопедије
Robert Nojs
Robert Noyce with Motherboard 1959.png
Puno imeRobert Norton Nojs
Ime po rođenjuRobert Norton Noyce
Druga imenaRobert Noyce
Datum rođenja12 decembar, 1927(1927-12-12)
Mesto rođenjaBerlington, Ajova
 SAD
Datum smrti3. jun 1990.(1990-06-03) (62 god.)
Mesto smrtiOstin, Teksas
 SAD
PrebivališteSAD
Državljanstvoameričko
UniverzitetGrinel koledž
MIT
Zanimanjefizičar, biznismen
Delovanjekoosnivač Ferčild poluprovodnika i Intela
SupružnikElizabet Botomli
En Bauers
Deca4
NagradeFaradejova medalja (1979)
Harold Penderova medalja (1980)
Džon Fricova medalja (1989)

Robert Norton Nojs (12. decembar 1927 – 3. jun 1990), s nadimkom „gradonačelnik Silikonske doline”, bio je američki fizičar koji je koosnivač Ferčild poluprovodnika 1957. godine i Intel korporacije 1968. godine. Njemu se pridaju zasluge za realizaciju prvog monolitičkog integralnog kola ili mikročipa, što je podstaklo revoluciju personalnih računara i dalo ime Silikonskoj dolini.[1][nb 1]

Patenti[уреди | уреди извор]

Nojsu je odobreno 15 patenata. Njegovi patenti su ovde navedeni po redosledu izdavanja, a ne po datum podnošenja.

  • U.S. Patent 2.875.141 Method and apparatus for forming semiconductor structures, filed August 1954, issued February 1959, assigned to Philco Corporation
  • U.S. Patent 2.929.753 Transistor structure and method, filed April 1957, issued March 1960, assigned to Beckmann Instruments
  • U.S. Patent 2.959.681 Semiconductor scanning device, filed June 1959, issued November 1960, assigned to Fairchild Semiconductor
  • U.S. Patent 2.968.750 Transistor structure and method of making the same, filed March 1957, issued January 1961, assigned to Clevite Corporation
  • U.S. Patent 2.971.139 Semiconductor switching device, filed June 1959, issued February 1961, assigned to Fairchild Semiconductor
  • U.S. Patent 2.981.877 Semiconductor Device and Lead Structure, filed July 1959, issued April 1961, assigned to Fairchild Semiconductor
  • U.S. Patent 3.010.033 Field effect transistor, filed January 1958, issued November 1961, assigned to Clevite Corporation
  • U.S. Patent 3.098.160 Field controlled avalanche semiconductive device, filed February 1958, issued July 1963, assigned to Clevite Corporation
  • U.S. Patent 3.108.359 Method for fabricating transistors, filed June 1959, issued October 1963, assigned to Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corp.
  • U.S. Patent 3.111.590 Transistor structure controlled by an avalanche barrier, filed June 1958, issued November 1963, assigned to Clevite Corporation
  • U.S. Patent 3.140.206 Method of making a transistor structure (coinventor William Shockley), filed April 1957, issued July 1964, assigned to Clevite Corporation
  • U.S. Patent 3.150.299 Semiconductor circuit complex having isolation means, filed September 1959, issued September 1964, assigned to Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corp.
  • U.S. Patent 3.183.129 Method of forming a semiconductor, filed July 1963, issued May 1965, assigned to Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corp.
  • U.S. Patent 3.199.002 Solid state circuit with crossing leads, filed April 1961, issued August 1965, assigned to Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corp.
  • U.S. Patent 3.325.787 Trainable system, filed October 1964, issued June 1967, assigned to Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corp.

Napomena: Godine 1960, Klevit korporacija je kupila Šoklijevu poluprovodničku laboratoriju, podružnicu kompanije Bekman Instruments, za koju je Nojs radio.[2]

Napomene[уреди | уреди извор]

  1. ^ While Kilby's invention was six months earlier, neither man rejected the title of co-inventor.

Reference[уреди | уреди извор]

  1. ^ Lécuyer, p. 129
  2. ^ „Clevite Corp. Acquires Shockley Transistor Corp.”. Electronic Design. 27. 4. 1960. Приступљено 22. 2. 2019. 

Literatura[уреди | уреди извор]

Spoljašnje veze[уреди | уреди извор]