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# Шаблон:Convert

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Template {{convert}} calculates a measurement value (number × unit) into the same measurement by a different unit, and then presents the results, formatted. The complete list of unit symbols recognized by the template is here.

For example:

`{{convert|2|km|mi}}` → 2 km (1,2 mi) (km entered, converted into miles)
`{{convert|7|mi|km}}` → 7 mi (11 km) (mi entered, converted into km)

Numbers can be rounded, units can be abbreviated into symbols:

`{{convert|2|km|mi|2|abbr=on}}` → 2 km (1,24 mi)
`{{convert|7|mi|km|2|abbr=on}}` → 7 mi (11,27 km)

Value ranges can be entered using `|to|...` or `|-|...`:

`{{convert|2|to|5|km|mi}}` → 2 to 5 km (1,2 to 3,1 mi)
`{{convert|2|-|5|km|mi}}` → 2—5 km (1,2—3,1 mi)

Combined effect example:

`{{convert|2|-|5|km|mi|2|abbr=on}}` → 2—5 km (1,24—3,11 mi)
`{{convert|2|and|5|km|mi|sigfig=3|abbr=off}}` → 2 and 5 kilometres (1,24 and 3,11 miles)

## Units to convert

Enter units to convert from into:

• `{{convert|1|lb|kg}}` → 1 lb (0,45 kg)
SI units generally accept prefixes, like "m" for milli (10−3), and "M" for mega (106)
For "per" units, use "/" (slash): kg/ha (see § 'per' units: kg/ha and § Currency per unit: \$/km)
For three-unit units, etc., see Категорија:Convert-like templates

## Unit name or symbol (abbreviation): 1 pound or 1 lb?

By default, the first quantity shows the unit name, the second shows the symbol (or abbreviation):

• `{{convert|1|lb|kg}}` → 1 lb (0,45 kg)

Using `|abbr=in` shows the symbol for first (left-hand side) unit, and the name instead of the symbol for the second unit:

• `{{convert|1|lb|kg|abbr=in}}` → 1 lb (0,45 kilograms)

To abbreviate both or neither:

• `{{convert|1|lb|kg|abbr=on}}` → 1 lb (0,45 kg)
• `{{convert|1|lb|kg|abbr=off}}` → 1 pound (0,45 kilograms)

### Convenience: {{cvt}} has `|abbr=on` by default

Template {{cvt}} is the same as {{convert}}, except that it has `|abbr=on` as the default behavior. In {{cvt}}, all other options are available. So:

`{{cvt|1|lb|kg}}` → 1 lb (0,45 kg)

is equivalent to:

`{{convert|1|lb|kg|abbr=on}}` → 1 lb (0,45 kg)

Use `|adj=on` to produce the adjectival (hyphenated) form:

• `A {{convert|10|mi|km|adj=on}} distance` → A 10 mi (16 km) distance.

Default behavior, for comparison:

• `{{convert|10|mi|km}} to go` → 10 mi (16 km) to go.

`|adj=on` does not produce hyphens with unit symbols, as per Manual of Style:

• `A {{convert|9|in|cm|adj=on|abbr=on}} nail` → A 9 in (23 cm) nail.

## Rounding: 100 ft is 30 m or 30.5 m or 30.48 m?

By definition, 100 ft equals 30,48 m. In practical use, it is common to round the calculated metric number. With that, there are several possibilities.

### Default rounding

By {{Convert}} default, the conversion result will be rounded either to precision comparable to that of the input value (the number of digits after the decimal point—or the negative of the number of non-significant zeroes before the point—is increased by one if the conversion is a multiplication by a number between 0.02 and 0.2, remains the same if the factor is between 0.2 and 2, is decreased by 1 if it is between 2 and 20, and so on) or to two significant digits, whichever is more precise. An exception to this is rounding temperatures (see below).

Examples of rounding
Input Displays as Note
`{{convert|123|ft|m|-1}}` 123 ft (40 m)
`{{convert|123|ft|m}}` 123 ft (37 m) same output as with 0 (below)
`{{convert|123|ft|m|0}}` 123 ft (37 m)
`{{convert|123|ft|m|1}}` 123 ft (37,5 m)
`{{convert|123|ft|m|2}}` 123 ft (37,49 m) The more-exact value is 37.4904 m or so, which gets converted to 37 m if this parameter is not specified at all.
`{{convert|500|ft|m|-1}}` 500 ft (150 m)
`{{convert|500|ft|m}}` 500 ft (150 m) same output as with −1 (above), because the conversion factor is between 0.2 and 2 (hence, it should produce same double-zero precision (−2) as in the input value), but the conversion must produce two significant digits at a minimum (hence, a higher single-zero precision (−1) is used)
`{{convert|500|ft|m|0}}` 500 ft (152 m)
`{{convert|500|ft|m|1}}` 500 ft (152,4 m)
`{{convert|500|ft|m|2}}` 500 ft (152,40 m) exact value is 152.4 m
`{{convert|500|ft|cm|-3}}` 500 ft (15.000 cm)
`{{convert|500|ft|cm}}` 500 ft (15.000 cm) same output as with −3 (above), because the conversion factor is between 20 and 200 (hence, it should decrease input value's double-zero precision (−2) by 2), but the conversion must produce two significant digits at a minimum (hence, a higher triple-zero precision (−3) is used)
`{{convert|500|ft|cm|0}}` 500 ft (15.240 cm)

Convert supports four types of rounding:

### Round to a given precision: use a precision number

Specify the desired precision with the fourth unnamed parameter (or third unnamed parameter if the "convert to" parameter is omitted; or fifth unnamed parameter if a range is specified; or fourth unnamed parameter again if a range is specified and the "convert to" parameter is omitted; needs to be replaced with a "precision" named parameter). The conversion is rounded off to the nearest multiple of 110 to the power of this number. For instance, if the result is 8621 and the round number is "-2", the result will be 8600. If the result is "234.0283043" and the round number is "0", the result will be 234.

### Round to a given number of significant figures: `|sigfig=`

To specify the output number to be with n significant figures use `|sigfig=<number>`:

• `{{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=4}}` → 1.200 ft (365,8 m)
• `{{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=3}}` → 1.200 ft (366 m)
• `{{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=2}}` → 1.200 ft (370 m)
• `{{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=1}}` → 1.200 ft (400 m)

Default behavior, for comparison:

• `{{convert|1200|ft|m}}` → 1.200 ft (370 m)

Setting `|sigfig=` to a value less than 1 is meaningless:

• `{{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=0}}` → 1.200 ft (370 m)

### Round to a multiple of 5: 15, 20, 25, ...

Using `|round=5` rounds the outcome to a multiple of 5.

• `{{convert|10|m|ft}}` → 10 m (33 ft)
• `{{convert|10|m|ft|round=5}}` → 10 m (35 ft)

Similar: using `|round=25` rounds the outcome to a multiple of 25.

• `{{convert|10|m|ft}}` → 10 m (33 ft)
• `{{convert|10|m|ft|round=25}}` → 10 m (25 ft)

Default behavior, for comparison:

• `{{convert|10|m|ft|sigfig=4}}` → 10 m (32,81 ft)

In a range, one can round each value individually to the default. Use `|round=each`:

• `{{convert|10 x 200 x 3000|m|ft}}` → 10 m × 200 m × 3.000 m (33 ft × 656 ft × 9.843 ft)
• `{{convert|10 x 200 x 3000|m|ft|round=each}}` → 10 m × 200 m × 3.000 m (33 ft × 660 ft × 9.800 ft)

### Round to a multiple of a given fraction: 2 3⁄16 inch

Specify the desired denominator using `|frac=<some positive integer>`. (Denominator is the below-the-slash number, for example the 3 in 13).

• `{{convert|5.56|cm|in|frac=16}}` → 556 cm (218 78 in)
• `{{convert|8|cm|in|frac=4}}` → 8 cm (3 14 in)

The fraction is reduced when possible:

• `{{convert|8|cm|in|frac=100}}` → 8 cm (3 320 in)

Default behavior uses decimal notation:

• `{{convert|5.56|cm|in}}` → 556 cm (219 in)

### Rounding temperatures: °C, °F and K

In temperatures, the conversion will be rounded either to the precision comparable to that of the input value or to that which would give three significant figures when expressed in kelvins, whichever is more precise.

1. `{{convert|10,000|C|F K}}` → 10,000 °C (50,000 °F; 283,150 K)
2. `{{convert|10,000.1|C|F K}}` → 10,0001 °C (50,0002 °F; 283,1501 K)
3. `{{convert|-272|C|F K}}` → −272 °C (−457,60 °F; 1,15 K)
4. `{{convert|-272|C}}` → −272 °C (−457,60 °F)
5. `{{convert|100|C|F K}}` → 100 °C (212 °F; 373 K)
6. `{{convert|0|C|F K}}` → 0 °C (32 °F; 273 K)

The precision of the input number in example (1) is one digit, but the precision of its Kelvins expression is three, so the precision of the Fahrenheit conversion is made three (made 180...) . (1) and (2) seem to belie the fact that a 01 degree Celsius change is a 1,8 degrees Fahrenheit change, and make the 32 degrees difference shown in (1) begin to seem off somehow. Result (1) seems off until you set the significant figures yourself with `|sigfig=`:

`{{convert|10000|C|sigfig=5}}` → 10.000 °C (18.032 °F)

or you set the precision positionally, relative to the decimal point (zero being at the decimal point):

`{{convert|10000|C|0}}` → 10.000 °C (18.032 °F)

The precision of the input number in example (2) is six, so the precision of the Fahrenheit output is, whereas before, Kelvins had determined it to be three. Examples (3) and (4) show how this can be hidden and generate questions, but it occurs there because the Kelvins conversion generated two fractional parts. (Before it was the input number that generated the fractional part.) In example (3) the three input digits converted into five significant output digits because of the two digits after the decimal point, generated by the Kelvins conversion. This happened again in (5), but in (6) decimal fractions were neither given as input nor induced by the Kelvins conversion.

### Rounding input

There is limited support for rounding the displayed input number. The rounding takes place after conversion, so the output is based on the full-precision input. This is useful when the input is produced by `{{#expr:}}` or otherwise available to a higher precision than is usefully displayed, and it's desirable to avoid double-rounding.

To round the input to a specified number of digits after the decimal point, use one of the parameters:

• `|adj=ri0`
• `|adj=ri1`
• `|adj=ri2`
• `|adj=ri3`

Note that there is no `|adj=ri-1` or similar for rounding above the decimal place. Neither is there support for significant figures, multiples of 5, or any other output-rounding feature.

The default precision is computed based on the input, so an explicit output precision must usually be supplied:

• `{{convert|4.14159|mi|km|adj=ri0}}` → 414.159 mi (666.524 km) (precisions are mismatched)
• `{{convert|4.14159|mi|km|0|adj=ri0}}` → 414.159 mi (666.524 km)

In this case, if the input were rounded before conversion, a different result would be obtained:

• `{{convert|{{#expr:4.14159 round 0}}|mi|km|0}}` → 4 mi (6 km) (rounds intermediate calculation, giving a different result)

## Into multiple units: 10 °C (50 °F; 283 K)

Separate the multiple output units by a space:

• `{{convert|10|C|F K}}` → 10 °C (50 °F; 283 K)
• `{{convert|5|km|mi nmi}}` → 5 km (3,1 mi; 2,7 nmi)

If the output unit names contain spaces, use `+` as the separator.

## Ranges of values

A range converts two values and separates them by your choice of words and punctuation.

### A range: 6 to 17 kg (13 to 37 lb)

Range indicators are entered as the second parameter (between the values). Range separators can be:

Separator Convert Result Notes
`-` `{{convert|3|-|6|ft}}` 3—6 ft (0,91—1,83 m) Input can be hyphen (-) or en dash (–), output uses en dash
`–` `&ndash;` (en dash) `{{convert|3|–|6|ft}}` 3 –[претварање: непозната јединица]
`and` `{{convert|3|and|6|ft}}` 3 and 6 ft (0,91 and 1,83 m)
`and(-)` `{{convert|3|and(-)|6|ft}}` 3 and 6 ft (0,91—1,83 m) `|abbr=on` abbreviates the first unit
`and(-)|abbr=on` `{{convert|3|and(-)|6|ft|abbr=on}}` 3 and 6 ft (0,91—1,83 m)
`or` `{{convert|3|or|6|ft}}` 3 or 6 ft (0,91 or 1,83 m)
`to` `{{convert|3|to|6|ft}}` 3 to 6 ft (0,91 to 1,83 m)
`to(-)` `{{convert|3|to(-)|6|ft}}` 3 to 6 ft (0,91—1,83 m) `|abbr=on` abbreviates the first unit
`to(-)|abbr=on` `{{convert|3|to(-)|6|ft|abbr=on}}` 3 to 6 ft (0,91—1,83 m)
`to about` `{{convert|3|to about|6|ft}}` 3 to about 6 ft (0,91 to about 1,83 m)
`+/-` `{{convert|3|+/-|6|ft}}` 3 ± 6 ft (0,91 ± 1,83 m)
`±` `&plusmn;` `{{convert|3|±|6|ft}}` 3 ± 6 ft (0,91 ± 1,83 m)
`+` `{{convert|3|+|6|ft}}` 3 + 6 ft (0,91 + 1,83 m)
`,` `{{convert|3|,|6|ft}}` 3, 6 ft (0,91, 1,83 m)
`, and` `{{convert|3|, and|6|ft}}` 3, and 6 ft (0,91, and 1,83 m)
`, or` `{{convert|3|, or|6|ft}}` 3, or 6 ft (0,91, or 1,83 m)
`by` `{{convert|3|by|6|ft}}` 3 by 6 ft (0,91 by 1,83 m)
`x` `{{convert|3|x|6|ft}}` 3 ft × 6 ft (0,91 m × 1,83 m) `|abbr=on` abbreviates and repeats the first unit
`×` `&times;` `{{convert|3|×|6|ft}}` 3 ft × 6 ft (0,91 m × 1,83 m)
`x|abbr=on` `{{convert|3|x|6|ft|abbr=on}}` 3 ft × 6 ft (0,91 m × 1,83 m)
`xx` |xx| is deprecated. Use |x| instead
`*` |*| is deprecated. Use |x| instead

### Multiple dimensions: 6 m × 12 m (20 ft × 39 ft)

Use `by`:

• `{{convert|6|by|12|ft|m}}` → 6 by 12 ft (1,8 by 3,7 m)

Use `×`, multiplication sign, or `x`, letter:

• `{{convert|6|x|12|m|ft}}` → 6 m × 12 m (20 ft × 39 ft)

In science, the formal way is to set `|x|` and `|abbr=on` (keeping dimensions right, like in area = x km2):

• `{{convert|6|x|12|m|ft|abbr=on}}` → 6 m × 12 m (20 ft × 39 ft)

### Lists of values: 20, 40, or 60 miles

`{{convert|20|,|40|, or|60|mi}}` → 20, 40, or 60 mi (32, 64, or 97 km)

### About feet, inch in ranges and multiples

While it is possible to enter feet, inch in a simple conversion, this is not possible for ranges:

Default behavior, for comparison:

• `{{convert|1|ft|3|in|mm}}` → 1 ft 3 in (380 mm)

However, converting metric units into feet and inches with `|order=flip` can produce the desired output:

• `{{convert|380|x|1040|mm|ftin|order=flip}}` → 1 ft 3 in × 3 ft 5 in (380 mm × 1.040 mm)

## Words

### Spelling of unit name: international metre or US meter?

Default spelling of units is in the en (generic) locale. To show en-US spelling, use `|sp=us`:

`{{convert|1|m|ft}}` → 1 m (3,3 ft)—default
`{{convert|1|m|ft|sp=us}}` → 1 m (3,3 ft)

### Spell out numbers: ten miles

To write a number in words, use `|spell=in`:

• `{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=in}}` → ten mi (16.000 m)

To spell out both in and out values, use `|spell=on`:

• `{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=on}}` → ten miles (sixteen thousand metres)

To make first letter a capital, use `|spell=In`, `|spell=On`

• `{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=In}}` → Ten mi (16.000 m)
• `{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=On}}` → Ten miles (sixteen thousand metres)

Remember that the spelling of the units (ft, m) is independently set by `|abbr=`. To the extreme:

• `{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=on|abbr=off|sp=us}}` → ten miles (sixteen thousand meters)

### Inserted before units: 4 planted acres

• `{{convert|4|acre||adj=pre|planted}}` → 4 planted acres (1,6 ha)

`disp=preunit` is similar, but has no separator after the specified text, and can have different text for the output value:

• `{{convert|4|acre||disp=preunit|planted }}` → 4 planted acres (1,6 planted ha)
• `{{convert|4|acre||disp=preunit|planted |reforested-}}` → 4 planted acres (1,6 reforested-ha)

### After adjective unit: A 10 ft-long corridor

Note that two units (in this case, ft and m) are required. Use with just one unit will generate an error message.

`{{convert|10|ft|m|adj=mid|-long}}` → 10 ft-long (3,0 m)

### Plurals: 1 inch, 2 inches

The unit symbol is singular always. Depending on the preceding number only, a unit name can be shown plural.

• `{{convert|1|metre}}` → 1 m (3 ft 3 in)
• `{{convert|2|metre}}` → 2 m (6 ft 7 in)
• `{{convert|2|metre|abbr=on}}` → 2 m (6 ft 7 in)
Exception

Entering the unit spelled `|foot|` forces singular output "foot", whatever the number is.

• `{{convert|100|foot|abbr=off}}` → 100 foot (30 metres)

### Fractions: one-eighth of an imperial pint

The convert template also supports spelling out fractions.

• `{{convert|3+1/2|oz|g|spell=in}}` → three and a half oz (99 g)

Any additional words needed for the fraction can also be added at the end of the template.

• `{{convert|1/8|imppt|ml|spell=in|adj=pre|of an}}` → one-eighth of an imp pt (71 ml)

### Wrapping and line breaking

See Help:Convert § Wrapping and line breaking

### Spelling out "thousands", "millions", etc.

Most unit codes accept a prefix of e3 (thousand) or e6 (million) or e9 (billion).

• `{{convert|100|e6mi|e6km}}` → 100×106 mi (160×106 km)
• `{{convert|120|e6acre}}` → 120×106 acres (490.000 km2)
• `{{convert|120|e6acre|e3km2}}` → 120×106 acres (490×103 km2)

To display both input and output in scientific notation, use `|abbr=on`

• `{{convert|100|e6mi|e6km|abbr=on}}` → 100×106 mi (160×106 km)

To spell out "thousands", "millions", etc., `|abbr=unit` abbreviates the unit; `|abbr=off` displays both full unit names.

• `{{convert|100|e6mi|e6km|abbr=unit}}` → 100 million mi (160 million km)
• `{{convert|100|e6mi|e6km|abbr=off}}` → 100 million miles (160 million kilometres)

## Numbers

### Using an SI prefix: gigametre (Gm), or micrometre (μm)

Metric prefixes
Text Symbol Factor
yotta Y 1024
zetta Z 1021
exa E 1018
peta P 1015
tera T 1012
giga G 109
mega M 106
kilo k 103
hecto h 102
deca da 101
(none) (none)  1
deci d 10−1
centi c 10−2
milli m 10−3
micro μ 10−6
nano n 10−9
pico p 10−12
femto f 10−15
atto a 10−18
zepto z 10−21
yocto y 10−24

Units can have an SI prefix like `G` before the unit: `Gm`, and `giga` before the name: `gigametre`. These are plain multiplication factors.

To illustrate, these are trivial calculations (from metre to metre), showing the multiplication factor:

• 12 Gm (1,2×1010 m)
• 12 µm (1,2×10−5 m)

The prefix can be added before the SI unit (here: unit `m` for metre):

• `{{convert|12|Gm|mi|abbr=on}}` → 12 Gm (7.500.000 mi)
• `Mm`: 12 Mm (7.500 mi)
• `km`: 12 km (39.000 ft)
• `mm`: 12 mm (0,47 in)
• `μm`: 12 µm (0,012 mm)
• `um`: 12 µm (0,012 mm) (letter "u" can be used for "μ" here)

The prefix can be used in the output unit:

• `{{convert|12000|mi|Mm|abbr=on}}` → 12.000 mi (19 Mm)
• `{{convert|12|in|μm|abbr=on}}` → 12 in (300.000 µm)

As an exception, the non-SI unit "inch" can have the "μ" prefix too:

• `{{convert|12|μm|μin|abbr=on}}` → 12 µm (470 μin)

### Engineering notation: 7 × 106 m

#### In the unit: e6m

Engineering notation can be entered as a "prefix" to the unit:

• `{{convert|70|e6m}}` → 70×106 m (230.000.000 ft)

The same is possible for the output unit:

Any standard unit (not a combination, multiple, or built-in unit) can have such a prefix:

• `e3` (thousand),
• `e6` (million),
• `e9` (billion),
• `e12` (trillion),
• `e15` (quadrillion).

### Scientific notation: 1.23 × 10−14

In scientific notation, a number is written like 1,23×10−14. The plain number has exactly one digit before the decimal point.

With {{convert}}, the input can be in e-notation such as `12.3e4`. This value is displayed as a power of ten, and the output is displayed in scientific notation, except that an output value satisfying 0.01 <= v < 1000 is shown as a normal number. In addition, if the output value is 1000 and sigfig=4 is used, the value is displayed as a normal number.

• `{{convert|12.3e-15|atm|atm|abbr=on}}` → 123×10−15 atm (1,23×10−13 atm)
• `{{convert|0.00000005|atm|atm|abbr=on}}` → 000.000.005 atm (5,0 atm)

### Input with fractions: 1 1⁄2 in (38,1 mm)

The number to convert can be written in fractions. Both `/` (keyboard slash) and `⁄` (fraction slash) are accepted:

• `{{convert|1/2|in|mm|1}}`12 in (12,7 mm)
• `{{convert|1⁄2|in|mm|1}}`12 in (12,7 mm)

With positive mixed numbers (a positive integer and a fraction), use a `+` sign

• `{{convert|2+1⁄2|in|mm|1}}`2 12 in (63,5 mm)

With negative mixed numbers, use a hyphen `-` and repeat it:

• `{{convert|-2-1⁄2|in|mm|1}}`−2 12 in (−63,5 mm)

Note that the following cases are not interpreted as mixed numbers:

• `{{convert|2-1⁄2|in|mm|1}}` → 2—12 in (50,8—12,7 mm). This is interpreted as a range from 2 inches to 1⁄2 inch.
• `{{convert|-2+1⁄2|in|mm|1}}`[претварање: невалидан број] This is neither a mixed number nor a range, and mathematical expressions requiring calculations are not allowed here.
• `{{convert|2+½|in|mm|1}}`[претварање: невалидан број] Fractions consisting of a single Unicode character are not allowed either.

### Horizontal fraction bar: .mw-parser-output .sfrac{white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output .sfrac.tion,.mw-parser-output .sfrac .tion{display:inline-block;vertical-align:-0.5em;font-size:85%;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .sfrac .num,.mw-parser-output .sfrac .den{display:block;line-height:1em;margin:0 0.1em}.mw-parser-output .sfrac .den{border-top:1px solid}.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px}1/2 inch

Using a double slash (`//`) provides a horizontal fraction bar for the original (input) unit:

• `{{convert|1//2|in|mm|1}}`1/2 in (12,7 mm)
• `{{convert|6+3//8|in|mm|1}}`6 3/8 in (161,9 mm)

Using a negative value for `|frac=` provides a horizontal fraction bar for the converted (output) unit:

• `{{convert|12.7|mm|frac=-2}}` → 127 mm (5 in)
• `{{convert|161.9|mm|frac=-8}}` → 1.619 mm (63 3/4 in)

### Thousands separator: 1,000 mi or 1000 mi

In input, a comma for thousands separator is accepted but not required; a gap (space) is not accepted. In output, by default, the thousand separator is the comma:

Set `|comma=off` to remove the separator from the output:

• `{{convert|1234567|m|ft|comma=off}}` → 1234567 m (4050417 ft)

Use `|comma=gaps` to use digit grouping by gap (thin space) as a thousands separator:

• `{{convert|1234567|m|ft|comma=gaps}}`1234567 m (4050417 ft)

Default behavior, for comparison:

• `{{convert|1234567|m|ft}}` → 1.234.567 m (4.050.417 ft)

Setting `|comma=5` will only add the separator when the number of digits is 5 or more:

• `{{convert|1234|m|ft|comma=5}}` → 1234 m (4049 ft)
• `{{convert|1234567|m|ft|comma=5}}` → 1.234.567 m (4.050.417 ft)

Default behavior, for comparison:

• `{{convert|1234|m|ft}}` → 1.234 m (4.049 ft)

## Output manipulation

### Brackets and separators: 10 m [33 ft]

Punctuation that distinguishes the two measurements is set by `|disp=`.
Options are: `b` (the default), `sqbr`, `comma`, `or`, `br`, `br()`, `x|…`:

• `{{convert|10|m|ft|disp=sqbr}}` → 10 m [33 ft]
• `{{convert|10|m|ft|disp=comma}}` → 10 m, 33 ft
• `{{convert|10|m|ft|disp=or}}` → 10 m or 33 ft

Default behavior, for comparison:

• `{{convert|10|m|ft}}` → 10 m (33 ft)

Setting `|disp=br` will force a new line (`<br/>`)

• `{{convert|10|m|ft|disp=br}}` → 10 m
33 ft

Also `|disp=br()` will force a new line, and keep the brackets (useful in tables):

• `{{convert|10|m|ft|disp=br()}}` → 10 m
(33 ft)

Setting `|disp=x|…` allows any text as separator:

• `{{convert|10|m|ft|disp=x|_MyText_}}` → 10 m_MyText_33 ft (To display spaces, use `&nbsp;`)

### Flipping (reordering) the two measurements: 1.609,3 metres (1 mile)

Setting `|order=flip` will flip (swap) the two measurements:

• `{{convert|1|mi|m|order=flip}}` → 1.609,3 metres (1 mile)

Default behavior, for comparison:

• `{{convert|1|mi|m}}` → 1 mile (1.609,3 metres)

When converting to multiple units, the effect is:

• `{{convert|10|km|mi nmi|order=flip}}` → 6,2137 miles; 5,3996 nautical miles (10 kilometres)
• `{{convert|10|km|nmi mi|order=flip}}` → 5,3996 nautical miles; 6,2137 miles (10 kilometres)

### Fixed ordering of output units: 212 °F (100 °C; 373 K)

Setting `|order=out` shows the output-units as ordered; the input unit is skipped:

• `{{convert|100|C|F C K|abbr=on|order=out}}` → 212 °F (100 °C; 373 K)
• `{{convert|200|PS|kW hp|0|abbr=on|order=out}}` → 147 kW (197 КС)

### Displaying parts of the result: 2 (1,5)

It is possible to display only parts of the conversion result:

Convert Output Returns
`{{convert|2|cuyd|m3}}` 2 cu yd (1,5 m3) Regular output (for comparison)
`{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|abbr=values}}` 2 (1,5) Input and output numbers
`{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=unit}}` cu yd Input unit
`{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=unit|adj=on}}` cu yd Input unit, adjective (hyphenated)
`{{convert|2|cuyd|cuyd|disp=out}}` 2,0 cu yd Input (workaround. Note repetition of unit in input)
`{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|abbr=~}}` 2 cu yd [cu yd] (1,5 m3) Input: both name and symbol
`{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=unit2}}` m3 Output unit (symbol)
`{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=unit2|abbr=off}}` cubic metres Output unit (name)
`{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=number}}` 1,5 Output value
`{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=out}}` 1,5 m3 Output value and unit name
`{{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=out|abbr=off}}` 1,5 cubic metres Output value and unit symbol

### Display both input name and symbol: 2 kilopascals [kPa]

Setting `|abbr=~` returns both name and symbol of the first (input) unit:

• `{{convert|2|kPa|psi|abbr=~}}` → 2 kPa [kPa] (0,29 psi)
• `A {{convert|2|kPa|psi|abbr=~|adj=on}} pressure`A 2 kPa [kPa] (0,29 psi) pressure

## Table options

For the wikitable structure, there are three options: add a line-break, split the result over columns and make the table sortable.

### Enforced line break

`|disp=br` adds a line-break and omits brackets.

`|disp=br()` adds a line-break and does add brackets to the converted value. This may be useful in tables:

`|disp=br` `|disp=br()`
100 km
62 mi
100 km
(62 mi)

### Table columns

Using {convert} in a table cell, with `|disp=table` splits the result over two (or more) columns. By default units are not included in the table, however, they can be added using the `|abbr=` parameter. Multiple-unit outputs, like `ftin`, always output their units to the table.

`{{convert|10|m|ft|disp=table}}`

```style="text-align:right;"|10 |style="text-align:right;"|33```

`|disp=tablecen` does the same, and also centers the text:

`{{convert|20|m|ft|disp=tablecen}}`

```style="text-align:center;"|20 |style="text-align:center;"|66```

kilograms pounds stone and pounds
`|disp=table` 10 22 1 st 8 lb
`|disp=table` and `|abbr=on` 20 kg 44 lb 3 st 2 lb
`|disp=table` and `|abbr=off` 30 kilograms 66 pounds 4 stone 10 pounds
`|disp=tablecen` 40 88 6 st 4 lb
`|disp=<other>` (default) 50 kg (110 lb; 7 st 12 lb)

### Sorting

Use `|sortable=on` to include a hidden numerical sortkey in the output, suitable for use in a table with sortable columns. Technically, this places a hidden string before the actual displayed values:

`{{convert|10|m|ft|sortable=on}}` `<span data-sort-value="7001100000000000000♠"></span>10 metres (33 ft)`
showing: 10 m (33 ft).

Use both `|disp=table` and `|sortable=on` together to produce table columns (pipe symbols) for each value in sortable columns:

m m ft
A 15,75 m 15 34 52
B 15,5 m 155 509
C 16 m 160 520
D 16 m 16 52

The generated sortkey is calculated in a consistent way based on both the value and its unit as passed to the convert template. In most cases convert uses the passed value converted to SI base units. It is therefore not necessarily the displayed value or other alternate units and is calculated regardless of output format options. Using different units or different order of units in individual rows should therefore not lead to incorrect sorting, although variations in rounding can give surprising results, since an unrounded number is used for the sortkey.

## Units

The conversion factors and physical constants are sourced here.

### All units

The table below lists units supported by {{convert}}. More complete lists are linked for each dimension. For a complete list of all dimensions, see full list of units.

{{Convert}} uses unit-codes, which are similar to, but not necessarily exactly the same as, the usual written abbreviation for a given unit. These unit-codes are displayed in column 3 of the following tables. These are accepted as input by {{convert}} as the second and third unnamed parameters:

• `{{convert|100|kg|lb}}` → 100 kg (220 lb)
• `{{convert|100|lb|kg}}` → 100 lb (45 kg)

The unit-codes should be treated as case-sensitive:

• `{{convert|100|Mm|mm}}` → 100 Mm (1,0×1011 mm)

The output of {{convert}} can display multiple converted units, if further unit-codes are specified after the second unnamed parameter (without the pipe separator). Typical combination output units are listed below in column 7.

• `{{convert|55|nmi|km mi}}` → 55 nmi (102 km; 63 mi)
• `{{convert|1|oz|ozt g gr}}` → 1 oz (0,91 ozt; 28 g; 440 gr)

Some units have alternative unit-codes. These are shown in brackets in column 3, e.g. `°F` (`F`). Either may be entered for Fahrenheit (but not a lower-case f).

Abridged list of supported units
Explanation
system unit unit-
code
symbol or
abbrev.
notes sample default
conversion
combination
output units
the system(s) to which the unit belongs units listed by name unit-code to use in template symbols shown in output other notes about the units sample of the default conversion for the unit output codes for multiple conversions

AREA
(Full list)
system unit unit-
code
abbrev-
iation
notes sample default
conversion
combination
output units
SI km2 km2 km2 US spelling: square kilometer
10 km2 (3,9 sq mi)
• km2 sqmi
m2 m2 m2 US spelling: square meter
10 m2 (110 sq ft)
• m2 sqft
cm2 cm2 cm2 US spelling: square centimeter
10 cm2 (1,6 sq in)
• cm2 sqin
mm2 mm2 mm2 US spelling: square millimeter
10 mm2 (0,016 sq in)
• mm2 sqin
non-SI metric ha ha ha 10 ha (25 acres)
Imperial
&
US customary
sq mi sqmi sq mi 10 sq mi (26 km2)
• sqmi km2
acre acre (none) 10 acres (4,0 ha)
sq yd sqyd sq yd 10 sq yd (8,4 m2)
sq ft sqft
(sqfoot)
sq ft long code "sqfoot" outputs square foot (and never feet) 10 sq ft (0,93 m2)
• sqft m2 (sqfoot m2)
sq in sqin sq in 10 sq in (65 cm2)
• sqin cm2
Other sq nmi sqnmi sq nmi 10 sq nmi (34 km2; 13 sq mi)
dunam dunam (none) For alternative spellings and definitions see the full list 10 dunams (0,010 km2; 0,0039 sq mi)
tsubo tsubo (none) 10 tsubo (33 m2)

DENSITY
(Full list)
system unit unit-
code
abbrev-
iation
notes sample default
conversion
combination
output units
Metric kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 10 kg/m3 (17 lb/cu yd)
• kg/m3 lb/ft3 (kg/m3 lb/cuft)
• kg/m3 lb/yd3 (kg/m3 lb/cuyd)
g/m3 g/m3 g/m3 10 g/m3 (0,017 lb/cu yd)
• g/m3 kg/m3
• g/m3 lb/ft3 (g/cm3 lb/cuft)
• g/m3 lb/yd3 (g/cm3 lb/cuyd)
Imperial
&
US customary
lb/cu ft lb/ft3 lb/cu ft 10 lb/cu ft (0,16 g/cm3)
• lb/ft3 kg/m3 (lb/cu ft g/m3)
• lb/ft3 g/m3 (lb/cu ft g/m3)
lb/cu yd lb/yd3 lb/cu yd 10 lb/cu yd (5,9 kg/m3)
• lb/yd3 kg/m3 (lb/cuyd kg/m3)
• lb/yd3 g/m3 (lb/cuyd g/m3)

ENERGY
(Full list)
system unit unit-
code
abbrev-
iation
notes sample default
conversion
combination
output units
SI GJ GJ GJ 10 GJ (2.800 kWh)
MJ MJ MJ 10 MJ (2,8 kWh)
kJ kJ kJ 10 kJ (2.400 cal)
hJ hJ hJ 10 hJ (240 cal)
daJ daJ daJ 10 daJ (24 cal)
J J J 10 J (2,4 cal)
dJ dJ dJ 10 dJ (0,24 cal)
cJ cJ cJ 10 cJ (0,024 cal)
mJ mJ mJ 10 mJ (0,0024 cal)
µJ µJ (uJ) µJ 10 µJ (2,4×10−6 cal)
nJ nJ nJ 10 nJ (2,4×10−9 cal)
cgs Merg Merg Merg 10 Merg (1,0 J)
kerg kerg kerg 10 kerg (1,0 mJ)
erg erg (none) 10 erg (1,0 µJ)
Watt-hour multiples TWh TWh TWh 10 TWh (36 PJ)
TW.h TW⋅h
GWh GWh GWh 10 GWh (36 TJ)
GW.h GW⋅h
MWh MWh MWh 10 MWh (36 GJ)
MW.h MW⋅h
kWh kWh kWh 10 kWh (36 MJ)
kW.h kW⋅h
Wh Wh Wh 10 Wh (36 kJ)
W.h W⋅h
Electron-
volt
multiples
GeV GeV GeV 10 GeV (1,6 nJ)
MeV MeV MeV 10 MeV (1,6 pJ)
keV keV keV 10 keV (1,6 fJ)
eV eV eV 10 eV (1,6 aJ)
meV meV meV 10 meV (1,6 zJ)
Calorie multiples Cal Cal Cal The thermo-chemical calorie is the default definition. For others, see the full list. 10 Cal (42 kJ)
Mcal Mcal Mcal 10 Mcal (42 MJ)
kcal kcal kcal 10 kcal (42 kJ)
cal cal cal 10 cal (42 J)
mcal mcal mcal 10 mcal (42 mJ)
pound/
ounce
-foot/
inch-hour-minute-second
ft⋅pdl ftpdl ft⋅pdl 10 ft⋅pdl (0,42 J)
ft⋅lbf ftlbf ft⋅lbf 10 ft⋅lbf (14 J)
ftlb-f ft⋅lbf
in⋅lbf inlbf in⋅lbf 10 in⋅lbf (1.100 mJ)
inlb-f in⋅lbf
in⋅ozf inozf in⋅ozf 10 in⋅ozf (71 mJ)
inoz-f in⋅ozf
hp⋅h hph hp⋅h 10 hp⋅h (7,5 kWh)
British thermal unit Btu Btu Btu The International Steam Table British thermal unit is used. For others, see the full list. 10 Btu (11 kJ)
BTU BTU
TNT-based units gigatonne of TNT GtTNT (none) 10 gigatonnes of TNT (42 EJ)
gigaton of TNT GtonTNT (none)
megatonne of TNT MtTNT (none) 10 megatonnes of TNT (42 PJ)
Mt MtonTNT Mt
kilotonne of TNT ktTNT (none) 10 kilotonnes of TNT (42 TJ)
kt ktonTNT kt
tonne of TNT tTNT (none) 10 tonnes of TNT (42 GJ)
ton of TNT tonTNT (none)
Other
Eh Eh Eh 10 Eh (270 eV)
Ry Ry Ry 10 Ry (140 eV)
toe toe toe 10 toe (420 GJ)
BOE BOE BOE 10 BOE (61 GJ)
cubic foot of natural gas cuftnaturalgas (cufootnaturalgas) Unit-code cufootnaturalgas will show "cubic foot of natural gas" if plural. 10 cubic feet of natural gas (11 MJ)
l⋅atm latm l⋅atm 10 l⋅atm (1.000 J)
Latm L⋅atm
imp gal⋅atm impgalatm imp gal⋅atm 10 imp gal⋅atm (4.600 J)
US gal⋅atm USgalatm
(usgalatm)
US gal⋅atm 10 US gal⋅atm (3.800 J)
U.S.galatm
(usgalatm)
U.S. gal⋅atm

FORCE
(Full list)
system unit unit-
code
abbrev-
iation
notes sample default
conversion
combination
output units
SI GN GN GN Allows triple output units. See: full list. 10 GN (2,2×109 lbf)
• GN LT-f
• GN LTf
• GN ST-f
• GN STf
MN MN MN Allows triple output units. See: full list. 10 MN (2.200.000 lbf)
• MN LT-f
• MN LTf
• MN ST-f
• MN STf
kN kN kN Allows triple output units. See: full list. 10 kN (2.200 lbf)
• kN LT-f
• kN LTf
• kN ST-f
• kN STf
N N N 10 N (2,2 lbf)
• N lb-f
• N lbf
• N oz-f
• N ozf
mN mN mN 10 mN (0,036 ozf)
• mN oz-f
• mN ozf
• mN gr-f
• mN grf
µN µN (uN) µN 10 µN (2,2×10−6 lbf)
• µN gr-f
• µN grf
nN nN nN 10 nN (1,6×10−5 grf)
• nN gr-f
• nN grf
cgs Mdyn Mdyn Mdyn 10 Mdyn (22 lbf)
kdyn kdyn kdyn 10 kdyn (0,36 ozf)
dyn dyn
(dyne)
dyn 10 dyn (0,16 grf)
mdyn mdyn mdyn 10 mdyn (0,00016 grf)
Metric gravitational units tf t-f tf 10 tf (98 kN; 9,8 LTf; 11 STf)
tf tf
kgf kg-f kgf 10 kgf (98 N; 22 lbf)
kgf kgf
gf g-f gf 10 gf (98 mN; 0,35 ozf)
gf gf
mgf mg-f mgf 10 mgf (98 µN; 0,15 grf)
mgf mgf
Avoirdupois-based units pdl pdl pdl 10 pdl (1,4 N)
LTf LT-f LTf 10 LTf (100 kN)
• LT-f ST-f
LTf long ton-force
• LTf STf
STf ST-f STf 10 STf (89 kN)
• ST-f LT-f
STf short ton-force
• STf LTf
lbf lb-f lbf 10 lbf (44 N)
lbf lbf
grf gr-f grf 10 grf (6.400 µN)
grf grf

LENGTH
(Full list)
system unit unit-
code
abbrev-
iation
notes sample default
conversion
combination
output units
SI Mm Mm Mm US spelling: megameter
10 Mm (6.200 mi)
km km km US spelling: kilometer
10 km (6,2 mi)
• km mi
m m m US spelling: meter
10 m (33 ft)
• m ft
• m ftin
cm cm cm US spelling: centimeter
10 cm (3,9 in)
• cm in
mm mm mm US spelling: millimeter
10 mm (0,39 in)
• mm in
µm µm (um) µm US spelling: micrometer
10 µm (3,3×10−5 ft)
nm nm nm US spelling: nanometer
10 nm (3,9×10−7 in)
non-SI metric Å Å
(angstrom)
Å 10 Å (3,9×10−8 in)
Imperial
&
US customary
mi mi mi 10 mi (16 km)
• mi km
furlong furlong (none) 10 furlongs (6.600 ft; 2.000 m)
chain chain (none) 10 chains (660 ft; 200 m)
rd rd rd For other names of this unit see the full list. 10 rd (160 ft; 50 m)
fathom fathom (none) fathom ≡ 6 ft 10 fathoms (60 ft; 18 m)
yd yd yd assumes the international definition 10 yd (9,1 m)
ft ft (foot) ft long code "foot" outputs foot (and never feet) 10 ft (3,0 m)
• ftin (feet and inches)
• ft m (foot m)
in in in 10 in (250 mm)
• in cm
• in mm
Other nmi nmi nmi the international standard nautical mile
For other nautical miles see the full list.
10 nmi (19 km; 12 mi)
pc pc pc 10 pc (33 ly)
ly ly ly 10 ly (630.000 AU)
AU AU AU 10 AU (1,5×109 km; 930.000.000 mi)

MASS
(Full list)
system unit unit-
code
abbrev-
iation
notes sample default
conversion
combination
output units
SI kg kg kg Allows triple output units. See: full list. 10 kg (22 lb)
• kg lb
• kg st
g g g 10 g (0,35 oz)
• g oz
mg mg mg 10 mg (0,15 gr)
• mg gr
µg µg (ug) µg 10 µg (3,5×10−7 oz)
non-SI metric t t t Allows triple output units. See: full list. 10 t (9,8 long tons; 11 short tons)
• t LT
• t ST
t MT t
• MT LT
• MT ST
Avoirdupois long ton LT (none) 2,240 lb
used mostly in the British Commonwealth.
Allows triple output units. See: full list.
10 long tons (10 t)
• LT t
• LT MT
• LT ST
long ton long ton
short ton ST (none) 2,000 lb
used mostly in the US.
Allows triple output units. See: full list.
10 short tons (9,1 t)
• ST t
• ST MT
• ST LT
short ton short ton
st st st 14 lb
used mostly in the British Commonwealth except Canada.
Allows triple output units. See: full list.
10 st (140 lb; 64 kg)
• st kg
• st lb
lb lb lb Allows triple output units. See: full list. 10 lb (4,5 kg)
• lb kg
• lb st
oz oz oz 10 oz (280 g)
• oz g
drachm drachm (none) 10 drachms (18 g)
drachm dram (none)
gr gr gr equivalent to the troy grain 10 gr (0,65 g)
Troy ozt ozt ozt 10 ozt (11 oz; 310 g)
other carat carat (none) 10 carats (2,0 g)

SPEED
(Full list)
system unit unit-
code
abbrev-
iation
notes sample default
conversion
combination
output units
SI m/s m/s m/s US spelling: meter per second
10 m/s (33 ft/s)
• m/s ft/s (m/s foot/s)
non-SI metric km/h km/h km/h US spelling: kilometer per hour
10 km/h (6,2 mph)
• km/h mph
Imperial
&
US customary
mph mph mph 10 mph (16 km/h)
• mph km/h
• mph kn
ft/s ft/s (foot/s) ft/s long code "foot/s" outputs foot per second (and never feet) 10 ft/s (3,0 m/s)
• ft/s m/s
Maritime units kn kn (knot) kn 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph)
• kn mph

TEMPERATURE
(Full list)
system unit unit-
code
abbrev-
iation
notes sample default
conversion
combination
output units
SI K K K Allows triple output units. See: full list. 10 K (−263,1 °C; −441,7 °F)
• K °C (K C)
• K °R (K R)
• K °F (K F)
°C °C (C) °C 10 °C (50 °F)
• °C K (C K)
• °C °R (C R)
• °C °F (C F)
Imperial
&
US customary
°R °R (R) °R 10 °R (5,56 K; −449,67 °F; −267,59 °C)
• °R K (R K)
• °R °C (R C)
• °R °F (R F)
°F °F (F) °F 10 °F (−12 °C)
• °F K (F K)
• °F °C (F C)
• °F °R (F R)
Celsius change C-change Used for temperature intervals instead of actual temperatures
Example:  {{convert|5|C-change|0}} warmer
Result: 5 °C (9 °F) warmer
Fahrenheit change F-change Used for temperature intervals instead of actual temperatures
Example:  {{convert|10|F-change|0}} colder
Result: 10 °F (6 °C) colder

TORQUE
(Full list)
system unit unit-
code
abbrev-
iation
notes sample default
conversion
combination
output units
Industrial
SI N⋅m Nm N⋅m Triple combinations are also possible. See the full list. 10 N⋅m (7,4 lbf⋅ft)
• Nm kg.m
• Nm lb.ft
Non-SI metric kg⋅m kg.m kg⋅m 10 kg⋅m (98 N⋅m; 72 lb⋅ft)
• kg.m Nm
• kg.m lb.ft
Imperial
&
US customary
lb⋅ft lb.ft lb⋅ft 10 lb⋅ft (14 N⋅m)
• lb.ft Nm
• lb.ft kg-m
Scientific
SI N⋅m N.m N⋅m Triple combinations are also possible. See the full list. 10 N⋅m (7,4 lbf⋅ft)
• N.m kgf.m
• N.m lbf.ft
Non-SI metric kgf⋅m kgf.m kgf⋅m 10 kgf⋅m (98 N⋅m; 72 lbf⋅ft)
• kgf.m N.m
• kgf.m lbf.ft
Imperial
&
US customary
lbf⋅ft lbf.ft lbf⋅ft 10 lbf⋅ft (14 N⋅m)
• lbf.ft N.m
• lbf.ft kgf.m

VOLUME
(Full list)
system unit unit-
code
abbrev-
iation
notes sample default
conversion
combination
output units
SI m3 m3 m3 US spelling: cubic meter
one kilolitre
10 m3 (350 cu ft)
cm3 cm3 cm3 US spelling: cubic centimeter
one millilitre
10 cm3 (0,61 cu in)
cc cc
mm3 mm3 mm3 US spelling: cubic millimeter
10 mm3 (0,00061 cu in)
non-SI metric kl kl kl US spelling: kiloliter
one cubic metre
10 kl (350 cu ft)
kL kL
l l l US spelling: liter
one cubic decimetre
Allows triple output units. See: full list.
10 l (2,2 imp gal; 2,6 US gal)
• l impgal
• l USgal
• l U.S.gal
• l USdrygal
• l U.S.drygal
L L
• L impgal
• L impqt
• L USgal
• L U.S.gal
• L USdrygal
• L U.S.drygal
cl cl cl US spelling: centiliter
10 cl (3,5 imp fl oz; 3,4 US fl oz)
cL cL
ml ml ml US spelling: milliliter
one cubic centimetre
10 ml (0,35 imp fl oz; 0,34 US fl oz)
• ml impoz
• ml USoz
• ml U.S.oz
mL mL
• mL impoz
• mL USoz
• mL U.S.oz
Imperial
&
US customary
cu yd cuyd cu yd 10 cu yd (7,6 m3)
cu ft cuft (cufoot) cu ft long code "cufoot" outputs cubic foot (and never feet) 10 cu ft (0,28 m3)
cu in cuin cu in 10 cu in (160 cm3)
Imperial imp bbl impbbl imp bbl 36 imp gal 10 imp bbl (1.600 l; 360 imp gal; 430 US gal)
imp bsh impbsh imp bsh 8 imp gal 10 imp bsh (360 l; 80 imp gal; 83 US dry gal)
impbu imp bu
imp gal impgal imp gal 4.54609 litres by definition, also
4 imp qt or 8 imp pt or 160 imp fl oz
Allows triple output units. See: full list.
10 imp gal (45 l; 12 US gal)
• impgal l
• impgal L
• impgal USgal
• impgal U.S.gal
• impgal USdrygal
• impgal U.S.drygal
imp qt impqt imp qt 1/4 imp gal or 40 imp fl oz 10 imp qt (11.000 ml; 380 US fl oz)
imp pt imppt imp pt 1/8 imp gal or 20 imp fl oz 10 imp pt (5,7 l)
imp fl oz impoz (impfloz) imp fl oz 1/160 imp gal 10 imp fl oz (280 ml; 9,6 US fl oz)
• impoz USoz
• impoz U.S.oz
• impoz ml
• impoz mL
US customary
liquid measure
US bbl USbbl US bbl 31½ US gal
used for liquids except for oil and beer (see the full list)
10 US bbl (1.200 l; 310 US gal; 260 imp gal)
U.S.bbl U.S. bbl
bbl oilbbl bbl 42 US gal 10 bbl (1,6 m3)
US bbl USbeerbbl
(usbeerbbl)
US bbl 10 US bbl (1.200 l; 310 US gal; 260 imp gal)
U.S.beerbbl
(usbeerbbl)
U.S. bbl
US gal USgal US gal 231 cubic inches by definition, also
4 US qt or 8 US pt or 128 US fl oz
Allows triple output units. See: full list.
10 US gal (38 l; 8,3 imp gal)
• USgal l
• USgal L
• USgal impgal
U.S.gal U.S. gal
• USgal l
• USgal L
• USgal impgal
US qt USqt US qt 1/4 US gal or 32 US fl oz 10 US qt (9.500 ml)
U.S.qt U.S. qt
US pt USpt US pt 1/8 US gal or 16 US fl oz 10 US pt (4,7 l; 8,3 imp pt)
U.S.pt U.S. pt
US fl oz USoz
(USfloz)
US fl oz 1/128 US gal 10 US fl oz (300 ml)
• USoz ml
• USoz mL
• USoz impoz
U.S.oz
(U.S.floz)
U.S. fl oz
• U.S.oz ml
• U.S.oz mL
• U.S.oz impoz
US customary
dry measure
US dry bbl USdrybbl US dry bbl 105/32 US bsh 10 US dry bbl (1,2 m3)
U.S.drybbl U.S. dry bbl
US bsh USbsh US bsh 2150.42 cubic inches by definition 10 US bsh (350 l; 80 US dry gal; 78 imp gal)
U.S.bsh U.S. bsh
US bu USbu US bu 2150.42 cubic inches by definition 10 US bu (350 l; 80 US dry gal; 78 imp gal)
U.S.bu U.S. bu
US dry gal USdrygal US dry gal 1/8 US bsh
Allows triple output units. See: full list.
10 US dry gal (44 l)
• USdrygal l
• USdrygal L
• USdrygal impgal
U.S.drygal U.S. dry gal
• U.S.drygal l
• U.S.drygal L
• U.S.drygal impgal
US dry qt USdryqt US dry qt 1/32 US bsh 10 US dry qt (11.000 ml)
U.S.dryqt U.S. dry qt
US dry pt USdrypt US dry pt 1/32 US bsh 10 US dry pt (5.500 ml)
U.S.drypt U.S. dry pt

PRESSURE
unit unit-
code
abbrev-
iation
sample default
conversion
GPa GPa GPa 10 GPa (1.500.000 psi)
MPa MPa MPa 10 MPa (1.500 psi)
kPa kPa kPa 10 kPa (1,5 psi)
hPa hPa hPa 10 hPa (0,15 psi)
Pa Pa Pa 10 Pa (0,0015 psi)
mPa mPa mPa 10 mPa (1,5×10−6 psi)
mbar mbar mbar 10 mbar (10 hPa)
mb mb
dbar dbar dbar 10 dbar (100 kPa)
bar bar (none) 10 bar (1.000 kPa)
kBa kBa kBa 10 kBa (10 hPa)
Ba Ba Ba 10 Ba (1,0 Pa)
atm atm atm 10 atm (1.000 kPa)
Torr Torr Torr 10 Torr (1,3 kPa)
mmHg mmHg mmHg 10 mmHg (1,3 kPa)
inHg inHg inHg 10 inHg (34 kPa)
psi psi psi 10 psi (69 kPa)
FUEL EFFICIENCY
unit unit-
code
notes combinations
kilometres per litre km/l (km/L) Use `km/L` to get "km/L"
• km/l mpgimp
• km/l mpgus
litres per 100 kilometres l/100 km (L/100 km) Use `L/100 km` to get "L/100 km"
• l/100 km mpgimp
• l/100 km mpgus
litres per kilometre l/km (L/km) Use `L/km` to get "L/km"
• l/km impgal/mi
• l/km usgal/mi
miles per imperial gallon mpgimp
• mpgimp mpgus
miles per US gallon mpgus (mpgUS, mpgU.S.) Use `mpgUS` to get "US"

Use `mpgU.S.` to get "U.S."
`mpgus` will give "U.S." if spelling is
set to US & "US" otherwise

• mpgus mpgimp
imperial gallons per mile impgal/mi
• impgal/mi
US gallons per mile usgal/mi (USgal/mi, U.S.gal/mi) As above with the `us` vs `US` vs `U.S.`
• usgal/mi
The `mpgUS`, `mpgU.S.`, `USgal/mi` vs `U.S.gal/mi`, `km/L`, `L/100 km` and `L/km` variants work within combinations also (making 36 combinations in total).
POWER
Watts, kilowatts, milliwatts, etc. are supported. As is horsepower (English & metric). Use standard abbreviations as input code (lowercase hp for horsepower, for example)
POPULATION DENSITY
unit unit-
code
notes combinations
inhabitants per square kilometre PD/sqkm `PD` stands for population density, i.e. humans (inhabitants)
• PD/sqkm PD/sqmi
per square kilometre /sqkm Used when the word 'inhabitants' would be inappropriate.
• /sqkm /sqmi
inhabitants per hectare PD/ha
• PD/ha PD/acre
per hectare /ha
• /ha /acre
inhabitants per square mile PD/sqmi `PD` stands for population density, i.e. humans (inhabitants)
• PD/sqmi PD/sqkm
per square mile /sqmi Used when the word 'inhabitants' would be inappropriate.
• /sqmi /sqkm
inhabitants per acre PD/acre
• PD/acre PD/ha
per acre /acre
• /acre /ha
COST PER UNIT MASS
unit unit-
code
notes combinations
dollars per pound \$/lb "\$" can mean US\$, HK\$, etc.
• (none)
dollars per kilogram \$/kg
• (none)
dollars per troy ounce \$/ozt 12 troy ounces in 1 troy pound
• (none)

### 'per' units: kg/ha, miles per gallon

When using a slash (`/`), a unit like `kg/hl` is recognized as kilograms per hectare and will be converted in to other mass/area units. A unit in the numerator is not required.

• `{{convert|1000|kg/ha}}` → 1.000 kg/ha (890 lb/acre)
• `{{convert|350|/in2}}` → 350/in2 (54/cm2)

Population density (inhabitants per square mile) can be converted using

• `{{convert|10|PD/sqmi|PD/km2}}` → 10/sq mi (3,9/km2)

Vehicular fuel efficiency, commonly expressed in miles per gallon or litres per 100 km can also be converted

• `{{convert|26|mpgUS|l/100km mpgimp}}` → 26 mpg‑US (9,0 l/100 km; 31 mpg‑imp)

### Units of difference: Expressing a change or difference in temperature

We have already discussed standard temperature conversions (°C, °F, K), as shown in these two examples:

When expressing a temperature change (e.g., "The temperature increased by 10 °C"), or when comparing temperatures (e.g., "10 to 15 °C warmer"), we cannot use the standard temperature units (`|C`, `|F` and `|K`), which refer to points on the respective scale. Instead, we must use one of the following "units of difference": `|C-change`, `|F-change` and `|K-change`.

Compare the following two examples with the two above:

To produce multiple units in the output:

• `{{convert|10|C-change|F-change K-change}}` → 10 °C (18 °F; 10 K) difference

### Multiple units: 1 ft 5 in

#### In input

Base document § Input multiples lists options for multiple unit input (like `ft,in`). It can catch predefined sets only (units that can be subdivided; e.g., yd into ft):

• `{{convert|1|yd|2|ft|3|in}}` → 1 yd 2 ft 3 in (1,60 m)
• `{{convert|2|ft|3|in|cm}}` → 2 ft 3 in (69 cm)
• `{{convert|1|lb|5|oz|g}}` → 1 lb 5 oz (600 g)

#### In output

Available multiple-unit output options predefined, like `ftin` and `ydftin`. The full list is at § Output multiples.

• `{{convert|2|m|ftin}}` → 2 m (6 ft 7 in)
• `{{convert|2|m|ft in}}` → 2 m (6,6 ft; 79 in), using a space, returns the decimal point

Default behavior, for comparison:

• `{{convert|2|m}}` → 2 m (6 ft 7 in)

• {{hands}} a length used to measure horses
• {{Long ton}} a weight in ton, cwt, qr and lb

### Currency per unit: \$/mi → \$/km

Using currency symbols in a \$ per unit value, you can convert the per-unit:

• `{{convert|10|\$/mi|\$/km}}` → \$10/mi (\$6,2/km)
• `{{convert|1500|\$/ozt|\$/g}}` → \$1.500/ozt (\$48/g)

You can set the currency in both values using `|\$=€`:

• `{{convert|10|\$/mi|\$/km|\$=€}}` → €10/mi (€6,2/km)

It is not possible to convert the currency. So, this result (mixed currencies) is not possible: \$15 per mile (€8.6/km)

## Using convert inside templates

For usage in template code, like infoboxes, {{Convert}} has these options:

Pre-formatting fraction input
Your template can accept `|input=16 7/8` and use {{#invoke:Convert/helper|number|16 7/8}} → 16+7/8
Using a Wikidata property
• Adding the Wikidata property code, like code `|input=P2073`, to your template code automatically returns the Wikidata property for that article, and convert it. Both number and unit are read.

Note: to return that property value for an other article, use `|qid=`.

Example for домет (P2073): Note: this example uses `|qid=Q1056131` (testing for Cessna 208 Caravan (Q1056131))

• `{{convert|input=P2073|qid=Q1056131|ftin|abbr=on}}` → 1.500 mi (7.920.000 ft 0 in)
• `{{convert|input=P2073|qid=Q1056131|km|abbr=on}}` → 1.500 mi (2.400 km)
• `{{convert|input=P2073|qid=Q1056131|km|abbr=on|disp=out}}` → 2.400 km
For example see template:Infobox Telescope.

Sometimes a property may have more than one value against it in Wikidata. You can use the `|qual=` parameter to specify which of the values you want to use.

Example for пречник (P2386): Note: this example uses `|qid=Q1513315` (testing for South Pole Telescope (Q1513315))

## Parameter list

Parameter Value Description Note
`|abbr=in` `in` Use symbol for first (left-hand side) unit Unit display
`|abbr=off` `off` Use name for all units Unit display
`|abbr=none` `none`
`|abbr=on` `on` Use symbol for all units Unit display
`|abbr=out` `out` Use symbol for right-hand side unit (default) Unit display
`|abbr=unit` `unit` Use symbol for all units when using scientific notation Unit display
`|abbr=values` `values` Omit both the input and output units: show only the numbers Unit display
`|abbr=~` `~` Shows both unit name and symbol Unit display
`|adj=mid|…` `mid` User-specified text after the input unit; sets `adj=on` (adjective). Expects 1 unnamed parameter. Word adding, adjective
`|adj=on` `on` Unit name is adjective (singular and hyphenated) Grammar, adjective
`|adj=pre|…` `pre` User-specified text before input unit. Expects 1 unnamed parameter. Word adding
`|adj=ri0` `ri0` Round input with precision 0 Input precision
`|adj=ri1` `ri1` Round input with precision 1 Input precision
`|adj=ri2` `ri2` Round input with precision 2 Input precision
`|adj=ri3` `ri3` Round input with precision 3 Input precision
`|comma=5` `5` Only use comma for thousands separator if 5 or more digits Number format
`|comma=gaps` `gaps` Use gaps (space), not comma, for thousands separator Number format
`|comma=off` `off` No thousands separator Number format
`|disp=b` `b` Join input and output using " (...)" (default) Join values
`|disp=sqbr` `sqbr` Join input and output using " [...]" Join values
`|disp=br` `br` Join input and output using "<br/>" Join values
`|disp=comma` `comma` Join input and output using ", " Join values
`|disp=or` `or` Join input and output using " or " Join values
`|disp=number` `number` Display output number only Parts only
`|disp=output number only` `output number only`
`|disp=out` `out` Display only output number and name/symbol Parts only
`|disp=output only` `output only`
`|disp=preunit|…[|…]` `preunit` Text to be inserted after value and before units, for both input and output, with optionally different text for output. Expects 1 or 2 unnamed parameters. Word adding
`|disp=table` `table` Output is suitable for a table cell with align="right" Table columns
`|disp=tablecen` `tablecen` Output is suitable for a table cell with align="center" Table columns
`|disp=unit` `unit` Display input name/symbol only (not input number, not output) Parts only
`|disp=unit2` `unit2` Display output name/symbol only (not input; not output number) Parts only
`|disp=x|…` `x` Join input and output using user-specified text Word adding
`|frac=N` `N` Show imperial number in fractions, denominator=N Number format, fraction
`|input=P2048` `P2048` (e.g.) Reads and converts Wikidata property Inside template
`|lk=in` `in` Link left-hand side unit name or symbol Unit link
`|lk=on` `on` Link all unit names or symbols (but not twice for the same unit) Unit link
`|lk=out` `out` Link right-hand side unit name or symbol Unit link
`|order=flip` `flip` Inverts order of input, output measurements (conversion first) Order
`|order=out` `out` Displays output units in the order entered, skipping input unit Order
`|qid=Q1056131` `Q1056131` (e.g.) Reads Wikidata property from Wikidata item Inside template; testing
`|qual=Q613628` `Q613628` (e.g.) Qualify Wikidata property
`|round=5` `5` Rounds calculation to the nearest multiple of 5 Output precision
`|round=25` `25` Rounds calculation to the nearest multiple of 25 Output precision
`|round=each` `each` In a range, each number is rounded by the default rounding Output precision
`|sigfig=N` `N` Round output number to N significant figures (N is a positive integer) Output precision
`|sortable=on` `on` Adds invisible sort key Table sort
`|sp=us` `us` Use U.S. spelling ("meter" instead of default "metre") Spelling U.S. names
`|spell=in` `in` Spell input number in words Spelling numbers
`|spell=In` `In` Spell input number in words with first letter uppercase Spelling numbers
`|spell=on` `on` Spell input and output numbers in words Spelling numbers
`|spell=On` `On` Spell input and output numbers in words with first letter uppercase Spelling numbers
`|\$=€` `€` Replace \$-sign with a currency sign, for example in `€/hectare` Cost per unit
No currency conversion happens
`|debug=yes` `yes` Debugging only. In a sortable table: show the normally hidden sort key Table sort
`|disp=flip` `flip` Deprecated. Use |order=flip Order
`|sing=` Deprecated. Use |adj= Plurals

## Deprecated options

This list:

Deprecated options should not be used. They may produce incorrect or undesired results and there is no guarantee that they will be supported in the future.

• disp=flip is deprecated. Use order=flip instead
• Range separator |xx| is deprecated (not MOS compliant). Use |x| instead
• Range separator |*| is deprecated (not MOS compliant). Use |x| instead

## TemplateData

Ово је TemplateData за овај шаблон, која се користи у TemplateWizard, Визуелном уређивачу и другим алаткама. Погледајте месечни извештај о употреби парамера за овај шаблон у чланцима заснованим на овом TemplateData.

TemplateData за Convert

Converts measurements to other units.

Параметри шаблона

Овај шаблон преферира форматирање параметара у једном реду.

ПараметарОписВрстаСтатус
Value`1`

The value to convert.

бројобавезно
From unit`2`

The unit for the provided value.

Предложене вредности
`km2` `m2` `cm2` `mm2` `ha` `sqmi` `acre` `sqyd` `sqft` `sqin` `km` `m` `cm` `mm` `mi` `yd` `ft` `in` `kg` `g` `mg` `lb` `oz` `m/s` `km/h` `mph` `K` `°C` `°F` `m3` `cm3` `mm3` `L` `mL` `cuft` `cuin` `U.S.gal` `U.S.oz` `psi` `mpgU.S.` `\$/lb` `\$/kg`
Пример
km
текстобавезно
To units`3`

The units to convert into. Separate units by a space for multiple outputs. In an output unit, use + for a multiplication space.

Предложене вредности
`km2` `m2` `cm2` `mm2` `ha` `sqmi` `acre` `sqyd` `sqft` `sqin` `km` `m` `cm` `mm` `mi` `yd` `ft` `in` `kg` `g` `mg` `lb` `oz` `m/s` `km/h` `mph` `K` `°C` `°F` `m3` `cm3` `mm3` `L` `mL` `cuft` `cuin` `U.S.gal` `U.S.oz` `psi` `mpgU.S.` `\$/lb` `\$/kg`
Пример
mi nmi
текстпредложено
Precision or suffix`4`

Significant digits after decimal dot or, if negative, exponent of ten.

бројнеобавезно
Link units`lk`

Indication of what units to apply wikilinks to. Use “on” for all, “in” for the input unit, “out” for the output units, or “off” for none of the units.

Предложене вредности
`in` `out` `on` `off`
Подразумевано
off
Пример
on
текстнеобавезно
Abbreviation`abbr`

Display for the units: “on” to display all units using their unit symbols, “off” to display all units in full words, “in” to display the unit symbol for the input unit, “out” to display the unit symbols for the output units, “unit” to display unit symbols for both input and output units when using scientific notation, “values” for no units at all (neither unit symbols nor full words of units).

Предложене вредности
`in` `off` `none` `on` `out` `unit` `values` `~`
Подразумевано
out
Пример
on, unit, in, out, off
текстпредложено
Spelling`sp`

Spelling of units. Use “us” to display unit names using U.S. spelling.

Пример
us
текстнеобавезно
Adjective`adj`

Whether to use adjectival form. Use “on” for singular unit name appended by a hyphen, “mid” to put conversion at end, or “off” (default) for no adjectival form.

Предложене вредности
`mid` `on` `pre` `ri0` `ri1` `ri2` `ri3` `off`
Подразумевано
off
Пример
on
неуређен викитектнеобавезно
Conversion`disp`

Display conversion result: “or”: after ‘or’, “x”: with custom prefix and suffix, “b”: in parentheses, “table”/“tablecen”, “output only”: alone, “output number only”: alone and without unit, “unit”: not at all but input unit; if the value is a number it is used as precision.

Предложене вредности
`b` `sqbr` `br` `comma` `or` `number` `output number only` `out` `output only` `preunit` `table` `tablecen` `unit` `unit2` `x`
Пример
b
текстнеобавезно
Ordering`order`

“flip” returns converted value first, input value second.

Предложене вредности
`flip` `out`
Пример
flip
текстнеобавезно
Significant figures`sigfig`

Indicates the number of significant figures to be used in rounding.

бројнеобавезно
Rounding output`round`

The type of rounding. “5” rounds the output number to nearest multiple of 5, “25” to nearest multiple of 25, “each” rounds each number in a range.

бројнеобавезно
Thousands separator`comma`

Sets or suppresses the use of thousands separators in the numbers. “off”: no separator; “gaps”: use space instead of comma as thousands separator; “5”: only add thousands separator when the integral part of the number uses 5 positions or more (10,000 or more; if using comma as thousands separator, 1234 would produce '1234', 12345 would produce '12,345').

Подразумевано
on
Пример
off
условни изразнеобавезно
Sort key`sortable`

“on” generates a hidden sort key

Пример
on
условни изразнеобавезно
Spell numbers?`spell`

If used, spells input or input and output numbers in words, optionally capitalizing the first

Предложене вредности
`in` `In` `on` `On`
Пример
'in', 'In', 'on', or 'On'
текстнеобавезно
Singular?`sing`

If 'yes', uses singular form of units (deprecated)

Пример
yes
условни израззастарело
Fraction?`frac`

fraction as rounding unit

бројнеобавезно
Currency symbol`\$`

sets currency symbol in both units

Пример
\$=€ will show " €10 per mile (€6.2/km)"
текстнеобавезно
WD property`input`

Reads the property value of the item (article), then converts it

Пример
{{convert|input=P2046}} (P2046=area)
текстнеобавезно