Шаблон:Cite book

Из Википедије, слободне енциклопедије

. 

Икона за документацију Документација шаблона[view] [уреди] [историја] [освежи]

Овај шаблон се користи за навођење извора у чланцима на Википедији. Посебно је осмишљен за навођење извора из књига.

Коришћење[уреди]

Сва поља морају бити мала слова. Ископирајте празну верзију за употребу. Запамтите да знак „|“ мора бити између сваког поља. Сва поља морају бити исписана малим словом. Молимо избришите сва поља која нећете користити како би се избегла гужва у изворном тексту чланка, а ISBN би требао да буде у одговарајућем прозору и одвојен бројевима белином. Такође можете погледати све начине обележавања поља.

Пуна верзија (ископирај и налепи текст испод, а све параметре који вам не требају избришите)
{{cite book |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |editor= |others= |title= |origdate= |origyear= |origmonth= |url= |format= |accessdate= |accessyear= |accessmonth= |edition= |date= |year= |month= |publisher= |location= |language= |id= |doi = |pages= |chapter= |chapterurl= |quote = }}
Најчешће коришћена поља (можете користити ово, и у том сличају није потребно да много мењате поља)
{{cite book |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= |year= |publisher= |location= |id= }}
Пример 1

{{cite book |last= Cordell |first= Bruce R. |coauthors= Jeff Grubb, David Yu |title= [[Manual of the Planes]] |publisher= [[Wizards of the Coast]] |year= 2001 |month= September |id= ISBN 0-7869-1850-8 }}

Cordell, Bruce R.; Jeff Grubb, David Yu (September 2001). Manual of the Planes. Wizards of the Coast. ISBN 0-7869-1850-8. 

Пример 2
{{cite book
  | last = Mumford
  | first = David
  | authorlink = David Mumford
  | title = The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes
  | publisher = [[Springer-Verlag]]
  | year = 1999
  | doi = 10.1007/b62130
  | id = ISBN 978-3540632931 }}

Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes. Springer-Verlag. DOI:10.1007/b62130. ISBN 978-3540632931. 

Vertical list Prerequisites and Brief Instructions  
  
  
 {{cite book
 | last = 
 | first = 
 | authorlink = 
 | coauthors = 
 | editor = 
 | others = 
 | title = 
 | origdate = 
 | origyear = 
 | origmonth = 
 | url = 
 | format = 
 | accessdate = 
 | accessyear = 
 | accessmonth = 
 | edition = 
 | date = 
 | year = 
 | month = 
 | publisher = 
 | location = 
 | language = 
 | id = 
 | doi =
 | pages = 
 | chapter = 
 | chapterurl = 
 | quote =
 }}
 Prerequisites* Brief Instructions
 -------------- -----------------------
   
               (no wikilink)
 last           (no wikilink)
 last 
 last 
  
  
 REQUIRED**
               †preferred (no wikilink)
                alternative to origdate
                alternative to origdate
  
 url
 url           †preferred (no wikilink)
                alternative to accessdate
                alternative to accessdate
  
               †preferred (no wikilink)
                alternative to date
                alternative to date
  
 publisher
  
  
  
  
               (no wikilink)‡
 chapter
  
  
The field listed below is a prerequisite for the field to the left. For example last is a prerequisite to first meaning first will NOT be displayed even if it has a value unless last also has a value.
∗∗ Wikilinks must link to an existing article, and cannot be used if url is used below.
This is the preferred field with its alternates listed below.
If chapterurl is provided then chapter can not have wikilinks.

Поља[уреди]

Викивезе[уреди]

Већина поља у шаблону се могу уредити као викивезе (н.пр. title = [[book article|book title]]), али би обично требало да буде повезано са постојећим чланком на википедији. Поље које је уређено као викивеза не сме садржати било које заграде осим обичних заобљених заграда () — немојте користити <>[]{}.

Опис поља[уреди]

Syntax (for the technical-minded)[уреди]

Nested fields either rely on their parent fields, or replace them:

  • parent
    • child — may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2 — may be used instead of parent (and is ignored if parent is used)

Опис[уреди]

  • last: Surname of author. Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
    • first: First name(s) of author, including title(s) (eg. Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Snr.). Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
      • The `last' and `first' fields are poorly named for the case of an author whose surname is usually written first (e.g. as in Chinese). They also have the problem of only communicating which is the surname, not communicating where the surname is usually written. Consider deprecating first,last fields, and reinstating author field, using the notation "Smith, John" or "Hu Ke Jie" as appropriate (i.e. always writing surname first, and using comma or not depending on whether the name is usually written surname last or first).
    • authorlink: Title of Wikipedia article about author. Article should already exist. Must not be wikilinked itself. Do not use this on its own, but along with "author" or "first" and "last".
    • coauthors: Full name of additional author or authors, surname last, separated by ", " (eg. Joe Bloggs, John F. Kennedy, H. R. Dent).
      • Someone please confirm that surname is to go last even for people whose name is usually written surname first. Consider rethinking this field, e.g. using Bloggs, Joe and Kennedy, John F. and Dent, H. R. and Hu Ke Jie.
    • OR: author: Full name of author, preferably surname first.
  • editor: Name of editor/editors. No text is added, so labels such as "(ed.)" have to be supplied by the user.
  • others: For uses such as "illustrated by Smith" or "trans. Smith".
  • title: Title of book. This is the only required parameter. Can be wikilinked only to an existing Wikipedia article. Do not use italics.
  • url: URL of an online book. Cannot be used if you wikilinked title.
    • format: Format, e.g. PDF. HTML implied if not specified.
    • accessdate: Full date when item was accessed, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, eg. 2006-02-17. Required when url field is used. Must not be wikilinked.
      • OR: accessyear: Year when item was accessed, and accessmonth: Month when item was accessed. If you also have the day, use accessdate instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • edition: When the book has more than one edition. eg: "2nd edition".
  • origdate: Full date of publication of original edition, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, eg. 2004-06-27. Must not be wikilinked.
    • OR: origyear: Year of publication of original edition, and origmonth: Month of publication of original edition. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • date: Full date of publication, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, eg. 2006-02-17. Must not be wikilinked.
    • OR: year: Year of publication, and month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • publisher: Publisher should not include corporate designation such is "Ltd" or "Inc".
    • location: Place of publication.
  • language: The language the book is written in, if it is not English.
  • id: Identifier such as ISBN 1-111-22222-9, {{LCC|Z253.U69}} or {{OCLC|123456789}}. Remember, you must specify the kind of identifier, not just give a number.
  • doi: digital object identifier. See also {{doi}}
  • pages: 5–7: first page and optional last page. This is for listing the pages relevant to the citation, not the total number of pages in the book.
  • chapter: The chapter of the book, written in full. Punctuation other than quotes should be included in the value passed to the parameter, eg. chapter = Meet Dick and Jane. produces "Meet Dick and Jane." ahead of title.
    • chapterurl: URL of an individual chapter of online book. Should be at the same site as url, if any.
  • quote: Relevant quote from the book.

Examples[уреди]

Just a title
* {{cite book | title=Mysterious book }}
  • Mysterious book. 
Year and title
* {{cite book | title=Mysterious book | year=1901 }}
  • Mysterious book. 1901. 
Basic usage
* {{cite book | first=Joe | last=Bloggs | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs }}
Basic usage with url
* {{cite book | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs | edition=1st Edition | url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ | accessdate=2006-02-17 }}
Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition
* {{cite book | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | coauthors=John Smith, Jim Smythe | title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] | edition=2nd Edition }}
Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, id, pages, location
* {{cite book | last=Cordell | first=Bruce R. | coauthors=Jeff Grubb, David Noonan | year=2001 | month=September | title=[[Manual of the Planes]] | publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] | location=Timbuktu | id=ISBN 0-7869-1850-8 | pages=pp. 134-137 }}
Date of first edition, other language, illustrator
* {{cite book | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | origyear=1463 | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs | edition=1st Edition | others=illustrated by Smith | language=German | url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ | accessdate=2006-02-17 }}
  • Bloggs, Joe (1974) [1463] (на German). Book of Bloggs. illustrated by Smith (1st Edition ed.) Приступљено 2006-02-17. 
Using a DOI
*{{cite book | last=Mumford | first=David | authorlink=David Mumford | year=1999 | title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians | edition=2nd ed. | publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] | doi=10.1007/b62130 | id=ISBN 978-3540632931 }}

Тестирање[уреди]

See Шаблон:cite book/regression tests.

Note[уреди]

Note the extra full-stop when the last author ends with an initial, and there is no date:

  • Invisible, M.. Mysterious book. 

We don't know of a practical solution to this — unless there is a way to test the characters of a field?

Citation styles[уреди]

Established citation styles for coauthors:

  • MLA style: Last, First and First Last. "If there are more than three authors, you may list only the first author followed by the phrase et al."
  • APA style: Last, F. & Last, F.
  • Chicago Manual of Style: Last, First, and First Last.
  • Turabian: same as Chicago Reference List, above.
  • Harvard: Last, F., Last, F. & Last, F.

Види још[уреди]