Metalkor

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Metalkor (eng. Metalcore) je fuzioni muzički pravac koji elemente hardkor panka meša sa elementima ekstremnog metala. Izraz metalkor (eng. Metalcore) je nastao spajanjem izraza hardkor i hevi metal. Termin metalkor je dobio svoje sadašnje značenje sredinom 90-ih godina, opisicajući bendove Ert Krajsis (eng. Earth Crisis), Dedgaj (eng. Deadguy) i Integriti (eng. Integrity)[1]Najstarija grupe ove vrste, Integriti (eng. Integrity), je počela sa radim 1988. godine.[2] Metalkor se razlikuje od ostalih pank metal fuzija po tome što u muzici najviše ističe brejkdaune (eng. Breakdown): spore, intenzivne odlomke pogodne za gurke.[3]

Istorija[uredi]

Prethodnici (1977—1984)[uredi]

Blek Fleg[4] (eng. Black Flag) i Bed Brejns[5] (eng. Bad Brains), jedni od začetnika HardKora, su se divili Blek sabat. Britanske Strit pank (eng. Street punk) grupe, kao što su Disčardž (eng. Discharge) i D Eksploited (eng. The Exploited) su inpiraciju za svoju muziku vukli iz Hevi Metala.[6]. Album grupe Misfits, Ert ADe (eng. Earth A.D.) imao je veliki uticaj na Treš metal.[7] Ipak, pank i metal kulture i muzika su ostale odvojene tokom prve polovine 1980-ih.

Krosover treš (1984—1988)[uredi]

Ukrštavanje metal i hardkor muzike dovelo je do stvaranja Krosover treš scene (eng. Crossover thrash), na terotoriji Berklija, u Kaliforniji.[8] Termin metalkor se prvo koristio za opisivanje muzike ovih grupa.[9] HardKor pank grupe kao što su Korosion of Komformiti[10] (eng. Corrosion of Conformity), Drti Roten Imbesilz (eng. Dirty Rotten Imbeciles) i Suicidal Tendensiz][11] (eng. Suicidal Tendencies), svirali su sa Treš metal grupama kao što su Metalika (eng. Metallica) i Slejer (eng. Slayer). D Kro Mags (eng. The Cro Mags) su bili najuticajnija grupa njujorškog hardkora, koji su negovali zvuk hardkora pomešanog sa zvucima grupa Motorhed i Blek sabat. Takođe, oni su grupa koja je uvela strejt eddž[12] (eng. straight edge). Album Koz of Alarm (eng. Cause for Alarm), grupe Agnostik Front (eng. Agnostic Front) iz 1996. godine duboko prožima zvuk hardkora sa metalom.[13]

Metalik Hardkor (1989—2000)[uredi]

Između 1989. i 1995. godine došao je novi talas hardkor bendova.[2]

Converge u Sijetlu na koncertu 2008. godine

Taj novi talas sačinjavali su bendovi Integrity,[14] Earth Crisis,[14][15] Converge,[15] Shai Hulud,[16][17][18] Starkweather, Judge, Bloodlet,[15] Strife,[14] Rorschach, Cave In,[19] Vision of Disorder,[19] Hatebreed,[14][19] and Candiria.[19]Grupa Integrity je inspiraciju vukla od terora japanske hardkor grupe G.I.S.M. i metala grupe Slejer(eng. Slayer), sa muzičkim elementima grupa Septik Det (eng. Septic Death), Samhejn (eng. Samhain), Motorhed, i Džoj Divižn (eng. Joy Division).[20] Biohazard, Koalesc (eng. Coalesce),[21] i Overkast (eng. Overcast) su takođe jedne od prvih i važnih metalkor grupa. Sve ove grupe su navođene kao „metalik hardkor“.[22][23]

Melodični metalkor (1997—danas)[uredi]

Kasnih 90-ih godina, stigao je treći talas metalkor grupa. Ono što čini ovaj novi talas različitim od prošlih

Killswitch Engage na Rock im Park, 2007. godine.

grupa je to što su ove grupe više melodičnije. Prva metalkor grupa koja je imala ove elemente bila je Zao. I grupa zao je imala veliki uticaj na grupe kao što su Unearth, Bullet for My Valentine, Killswitch Engage, Trivium (stariji radovi), Shadows Fall, All That Remains, Underoath i Atreyu[24][25], i sve ove grupe su veoma komercijalno uspešne.

Ostali važni metalkor bendovi su As I Lay Dying, Haste The Day, Darkest Hour, Caliban, Bleeding Through, August Burns Red, Demon Hunter, It Dies Today, The Devil Wears Prada, Parkway Drive, i The Autumn Offering.[26] Glavni uticaj na muziku i tekstove ovih grupa dolazi od melodičnih det metal grupa, naročito od In Flames i At The Gates.[26][24] U melodičnom metalkoru, pevači češće pevaju "clean" deonice[27][28][29], što je drugačije od običnog metalkora.

Karakteristike[uredi]

Instrumentalizacija[uredi]

Metalkor grupe najčešće imaju dvoje glavnih gitarista i jedhog ritam gitaristu, koji svira brze rifove. Gitare su najčešće koriste drop-tune štim, sve od D štima, pa čak i do A štima, mada je standard za metalkor C štim. Basisti obično prate ritam gitaristu. Čak neke metalkor grupe imaju i klavijaturistu.

Vokali[uredi]

Metalkore pevači najčešće pevaju det metal grovlima i vriskovima, što je bilo obično za metalkor grupe 90-ih godina. Današnje metalkor grupe često kombinuju grovlove i melodično pevanje ("clean" vokali - „normalno pevanje").[27]

Pod-pravci metalkora[uredi]

Detkor[uredi]

Detkor (eng. Deathcore) predstavlja muzički pravac nastao mešanjem det metala i metalkora.[30] Iako je podvrsta metalkora, detkor je pod velikim uticajem det metala, zbog svoje brzine, težine i hromatskim, prigušenim „nestabilim“ rifovaljem sa čestim menjanjem ritma. Detkor često ima brejkdaune i melodične rifove.

Matkor[uredi]

Era matkora (eng. Mathcore) počinje sredinom 90-ih godina, sa radovima grupa Converge,[31] Botch[32][33] i The Dillinger Escape Plan.[34] Termin matkor je nastao, zbog muzičke sličnosti sa Mat rokom (eng. Math rock). Karakteristike matkora su: brzo tehničko rifovanje sa neobičnim vremenskim signaturama.[35] Grupe kao što su Protest the Hero, Ion Dissonance,[36] i Fear Before,[37] su poznate po tome što mešaju metalkor standarde sa Progresiv metal elementima.

Izvori[uredi]

  1. ^ „Shai Hulud, interview with Punknews.org - 05/28/08”. Arhivirano iz originala na datum 16. 10. 2008. Pristupljeno 21. 9. 2008. »"As far as coining the term “metalcore” or coining a sound, I don’t think we did. There were bands before Shai Hulud started that my friends and I were referring to as “metalcore”. Bands like Burn, Deadguy, Earth Crisis, even Integrity. These bands that were heavier than the average hardcore bands. These bands that were more progressive than the average hardcore band. My friends and I would always refer to them as “metalcore” because it wasn’t purely hardcore and it wasn’t purely metal. It was like a heavier hardcore band with hardcore ethics and attitude but clearly a metal influence. So we would joke around and say “Hey, it’s metalcore. Cool!” But it was definitely a tongue-in-cheek term."« 
  2. 2,0 2,1 „Blood Runs Deep: 23 Bands Who Shaped the Scene”. Alternative Press. 7. 7. 2008. str. 110, 118. 
  3. ^ "The best part of every metalcore song is the breakdown, the part where the drums drop out and the guitars slow their frantic gallop to a devastating, precise crunch-riff and everyone in the moshpit goes extra nuts." - Tom Breihan. "Status Ain't Hood". "Live: Trivium, the Jackson 5 of Underground Metal". The Village Voice Daily Voice. October 11, 2006. [1] Arhivirano na sajtu Wayback Machine (септембар 21, 2008) (на језику: енглески) Access date: July 21, 2008.
  4. ^ Blush, American Hardcore, part 2, "Thirsty and Miserable", pp. 63, 66
  5. ^ Andersen, Mark; Mark Jenkins (2003). Dance of Days: Two Decades of Punk in the Nation's Capital. Akashic Books. стр. 27. ISBN 978-1-888451-44-3. 
  6. ^ Glasper 2004, стр. 5.
  7. ^ Blush, "Hits from Hell", American Hardcore, pp. 204
  8. ^ Blush, стр. 115.
  9. ^ Felix von Havoc, Maximum Rock'n'Roll #198 [2] Архивирано на сајту Wayback Machine (jun 5, 2008) (na jeziku: engleski) Access date: June 20, 2008
  10. ^ Blush, str. 193.
  11. ^ Christe, Ian: Sound of the Beast: The Complete Headbanging History of Heavy Metal (2003), pp. 184
  12. ^ "Cro-Mags were the first band to attract both Skinheads and Metalheads audiences; their music at the point where Hardcore nihilism met Metal power." Blush, pp. 189
  13. ^ Blush, str. 192.
  14. 14,0 14,1 14,2 14,3 "here the term (metalcore) is used in its original context, referencing the likes of Strife, Earth Crisis, and Integrity ...", Ian Glasper, Terrorizer no. 171, June 2008. pp. 78
  15. 15,0 15,1 15,2 Mudrian, Albert .. Choosing Death: The Improbable History of Death Metal and Grindcore. Feral House. 2000. ISBN 978-1-932595-04-8. str. 222-223.
  16. ^ „Kill Your Stereo - Reviews: Shai Hulud - Misanthropy Pure”. »Shai Hulud, a name that is synonymous (in heavy music circles at least) with intelligent, provocative and most importantly unique metallic hardcore. The band’s earliest release is widely credited with influencing an entire generation of musicians« 
  17. ^ „Shai Hulud - Hearts Once Nourished With Hope And Co Review - sputnikmusic”. »Hearts Once Nourished with Hope and Compassion is pretty much the prime in early melodic metalcore. So many bands in both the modern metalcore and hardcore scene have drawn vast influence from them, because of how perfect they blend hardcore and metal.« 
  18. ^ „In At The Deep End Records”. »Regardless of whether or not you liked Shai Hulud, it is undeniable that Hearts Once Nourished with Hope and Compassion was an oft-imitated and highly influential release in the mid-to-late nineties.« 
  19. 19,0 19,1 19,2 19,3 Ross Haenfler, Straight Edge: Clean-living Youth, Hardcore Punk, and Social Change, Rutgers University Press. ISBN 978-0-8135-3852-5. pp. 87-88
  20. ^ "It was this simple formula that's single-handedly responsible for every band you hear combining heavy metal and hardcore today." „Blood Runs Deep: 23 Bands Who Shaped the Scene”. Alternative Press. 7. 7. 2008. str. 110. 
  21. ^ „The History of Rock Music: 1990-1999”. Scaruffi.com. Pristupljeno 10. 9. 2011. 
  22. ^ „EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW WITH SHAI HULUD GUITARIST MATT FOX”. Pristupljeno 9. 10. 2008. »"When we used to joke with the term, it was just a clever (or not so clever) way of describing a metallic hardcore, metal-influenced hardcore, or hardcore-influenced metal band."« 
  23. ^ J. Bennett, "Converge's Jane Doe, Revolver, June 2008
  24. 24,0 24,1 Allmusic Review, Atreyu, Suicide Notes and Butterfly Kisses [3] Access date: June 24, 2008
  25. ^ "Taste of Chaos", Revolver, June 2008. pp. 110.
  26. 26,0 26,1 Metal Injection, August 28, 2007 [4] Access date: June 24, 2008
  27. 27,0 27,1 Suicide Notes and Butterfly Kisses review [5] Arhivirano na sajtu Wayback Machine (februar 12, 2009) (na jeziku: engleski), Pristupljeno 12. 4. 2013.
  28. ^ Metalrage, 12/30/07 [6] Access date: June 24, 2008
  29. ^ El Paisano, 9/12/07 [7] Arhivirano na sajtu Wayback Machine (јануар 14, 2009) (на језику: енглески) Access date: June 24, 2008
  30. ^ lambgoat.com "This is deathcore. This is what happens when death metal and hardcore, along with healthy doses of other heavy music styles, are so smoothly blended..."
  31. ^ „Converge biography”. Rockdetector.com. Архивирано из оригинала на датум 11. 08. 2007. Приступљено 23. 8. 2007. 
  32. ^ „Botch - We Are The Romans Review”. Heavymetal.about.com. 14. 6. 2010. Приступљено 10. 9. 2011. 
  33. ^ San Francisco Bay Guardian : Article : The Gap's attack on kids, Приступљено 12. 4. 2013.
  34. ^ TV3 > News > Story > Mathcore band the 'Dillinger Escape Plan' visit NZ, Приступљено 12. 4. 2013.
  35. ^ „Events for this weekend in New York”. Nydailynews.com. 15. 12. 2007. Приступљено 10. 9. 2011. 
  36. ^ Harris, Chris (20. 10. 2006). „Metal File: Mushroomhead, Beseech, Crowbar & More News That Rules - Music, Celebrity, Artist News”. MTV. Приступљено 10. 9. 2011. 
  37. ^ "Fear Before The March Of Flames Bio" The Gauntlet. Retrieved on August 3, 2008.

Литература[uredi]

  • Glasper, Ian (2004). Burning Britain: The History of UK Punk 1980-1984. Cherry Red Books. стр. 5. ISBN 978-1-901447-24-8. 
  • Andersen, Mark; Mark Jenkins (2003). Dance of Days: Two Decades of Punk in the Nation's Capital. Akashic Books. стр. 27. ISBN 978-1-888451-44-3.