Činua Ačebe

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Činua Ačebe
Chinua Achebe, 2008 (cropped).jpg
Činua Ačebe 2008.
Puno imeAlbert Chinụalụmọgụ Achebe
Datum rođenja16 novembar 1930(1930-11-16)
Mesto rođenjaOgidi
Britanska Nigerija
Datum smrti21 mart 2013(2013-03-21) (82)
Mesto smrtiBoston, Masačusets
SAD
DržavljanstvoNigerija
NacionalnostNigerija
ZanimanjePisac i učitelj
Najvažnija dela

Činua Ačebe, rođen kao Albert Chinualumogu Achebe (engl. Chinua Achebe, 16. 11. 1930 - 23. 3. 2013.) bio je nigerijski romanopisac, pesnik i kritičar.[1] Najpoznatiji je po svom debitantskom romanu Things Fall Apart (1958),[2] koji se smatra najčitanijom knjigom moderne afričke književnosti.[3]

Odrastao je u hršćanskoj porodici u Igbo selu Ogidi na jugu Nigerije, te se uspehom u školi izborio za univerzitetsku stipendiju.[4] Postao je fasciniran svetskim religijama i tradicionalnim afričkim kulturama, i za vreme studija je počeo da piše. Nakon diplomiranja je radio za nigerijsku radio-televizijsku kuću Nigerian Broadcasting Service te se preselio u Lagos. Stekao je svetsku slavu romanom Things Fall Apart kasnih 1950-ih; sledili su romani No Longer at Ease (1960), Arrow of God (1964), A Man of the People (1966) i Anthills of the Savannah (1987). Ačebe je romane pisao na engleskom, i branio je svoju upotrebu tog jezika od onih koji su ga kao jezika kolonizatora smatrali neprimerenim afričkoj književnosti. Godine 1975. izazvao je kontroverzu predavanjem An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad's "Heart of Darkness" u kome je pisca Džozefa Konrada optužio za rasizam.

Kada se oblast Bijafra godine 1967. otcepila od Nigerije, Ačebe je postao vatreni zagovornik nezavisnosti i ambasador nove države. Tada je u zapadnim državama molio za pomoć kako bi pomogao svom narodu napaćenom ratom i glađu. Nakon završetka rata i nigerijskog preuzimanja Bijafre, Ačebe se kraće vreme bavio lokalnom politikom, ali je od nje odustao zgađenjen elitizmom i korupcijom. Neko vreme je živeo u SAD, a godine 1990. se nakon što je paralizovan u saobraćajnoj nesreći, vratio u Nigeriju.

Ačebeovi romani se najviše bave tradicijama i običajima Igbo društva,[5] efektima dolaska hrišćanstva, kao i sukobom različitih vrednosnih sistema za vreme i nakon kolonizacije. Stil mu se temelji na narodnim pričama Igboa i kombinuje standardno pripovedanje s poslovicama i govorima. Osim romana je pisao i novele, dečje knjige i eseje. Posle je predavao jezike i književnost na Bard koledžu u Anandejlu na Hadsonu u američkoj državi Njujork.

Spisak radova[уреди]

Novele

Kratke priče

Poezija

Eseji, kritike, politički komentari

Knjige za decu

Reference[уреди]

  1. ^ Ezenwa-Ohaeto, p. 6.
  2. ^ Franklin, Ruth. "After Empire: Chinua Achebe and the Great African Novel". The New Yorker, 26 May 2008. Приступљено 7 December 2010.
  3. ^ Ogbaa, p. xv.
  4. ^ Brucker, Carl (1992). „Chinua Achebe 1930–”. faculty.atu.edu. Архивирано из оригинала на датум 27. 10. 2016. Приступљено 26. 10. 2016. 
  5. ^ Amobi, Nnamdi Ken (13. 4. 2013). „Chinua Achebe: Ogidi man first, Ogidi man last”. Vanguard. Lagos. Приступљено 18. 1. 2014. 

Literatura[уреди]

  • Achebe, Chinua (1965). "English and the African Writer". Transition 18: 27–30. ISSN 0041-1191.
  • Achebe, Chinua (1975). Morning Yet on Creation Day. London: Heinemann Educational Books. ISBN 978-0-435-18026-3. .
  • Achebe, Chinua (1989). Hopes and Impediments: Selected Essays. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-385-24730-6. .
  • Achebe, Chinua (1994). Things Fall Apart. New York: Anchor Books. ISBN 978-0-385-47454-2. .
  • Agetua, John (ed.) (1977). Critics on Chinua Achebe, 1970–76. Benin City, Nigeria: Bendel Newspapers Corp.
  • Azohu, Virginia "Culture and the Frontiers of Language". In Ihekweazu, Edith. Eagle on Iroko: Selected Papers from the Chinua Achebe International Symposium, 1990. Ibadan, Nigeria: Heinemann Educational Books (Nigeria) PLC. 1996. ISBN 978-978-129-379-5..
  • Bestman, A. M. (2012). "Reading Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart through the Womanist lens: The imperative of the female principle". In C. Anyadike and K. A. Ayoola (eds), Blazing the Path: Fifty Years of Things Fall Apart (155–173). Ibadan: HEBN Publishers Plc.
  • Bicknell, Catherine "Achebe's Women: Mothers, Priestesses, And Young Urban Professionals". In Ihekweazu, Edith, Eagle on Iroko: Selected Papers from the Chinua Achebe International Symposium, 1990. Ibadan, Nigeria: Heinemann Educational Books (Nigeria) PLC. 1996. ISBN 978-978-129-379-5..
  • Booker, M. Keith and Simon Gikandi The Chinua Achebe Encyclopedia. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.2003. ISBN 978-3-8255-0021-4..
  • Clarke, Nana Ayebia, and James Currey (2014). Chinua Achebe: Tributes & Reflections. Banbury, Oxfordshire: Ayebia Clarke Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-0956930767. .
  • Corley, Í. (2009). "Conjecture, hypermasculinity, and disavowal in Things Fall Apart". Interventions, 11(2), 203–211.
  • Döring, Tobias Chinua Achebe und Joyce Cary. Ein postkoloniales Rewriting englischer Afrika-Fiktionen. Pfaffenweiler, Germany: Centaurus.1996. ISBN 978-0-7618-1721-5..
  • Egar, Emmanuel Edame (2000). The Rhetorical Implications of Chinua Achebe's "Things Fall Apart". Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America. ISBN 978-0-7618-1721-5. .
  • Egejuru, Phanuel "Orethory Okwu Oka: A Neglected Technique in Achebe's Literary Artistry". In Ihekweazu, Edith. Eagle on Iroko: Selected Papers from the Chinua Achebe International Symposium, 1990. Ibadan, Nigeria: Heinemann Educational Books (Nigeria) PLC. 1996. ISBN 978-978-129-379-5..
  • Egejuru, Phanuel Akubueze (2001). Chinua Achebe: Pure and Simple, an Oral Biography. Stoke-on-Trent: Malthouse Press. ISBN 978-978-023-148-4. .
  • Ekwe-Ekwe, Herbert (2001). African Literature in Defence of History: An Essay on Chinua Achebe. Dakar: African Renaissance. ISBN 978-1-903625-10-1. .
  • Emenyonu, Ernest N. "Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart: A Classic Study in Colonial Diplomatic Tactlessness". In Petersen, Kirsten Holst, and Anna Rutherford (eds). Chinua Achebe: A Celebration. Oxford, England. Dangaroo Press.1991. ISBN 978-0-435-08060-0..
  • Emenyonu, Ernest N. "Foreword: For Whom The Honour Is Due". In Ihekweazu, Edith. Eagle on Iroko: Selected Papers from the Chinua Achebe International Symposium, 1990. Ibadan, Nigeria: Heinemann Educational Books (Nigeria) PLC. 1996. ISBN 978-978-129-379-5..
  • Emenyonu, Ernest N. (ed.) Emerging Perspectives on Chinua Achebe. Trenton, New Jersey. Africa World Press.2004. ISBN 978-0-86543-876-7. (v. 1). ISBN 978-0-86543-878-1. (v. 2).
  • Ezenwa-Ohaeto (1997). Chinua Achebe: A Biography. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-33342-1. .
  • Franklin, Ruth. "After Empire: Chinua Achebe and the Great African Novel". The New Yorker, 26 May 2008. Приступљено 7 December 2010.
  • Gera, Anjali (2001). Three Great African Novelists. New Delhi: Creative Books. ISBN 978-81-86318-79-9. .
  • Gikandi, Simon (1991). Reading Chinua Achebe: Language and Ideology in Fiction. London: James Currey. ISBN 978-0-85255-527-9. .
  • „The 100 greatest non-fiction books”. The Guardian. 14. 6. 2011. Приступљено 22. 11. 2011. 
  • Innes, Catherine Lynette . Chinua Achebe. Cambridge, England. Cambridge University Press.1990.
  • Innes, C. L., and Bernth Lindfors (eds) (1978). Critical Perspectives on Chinua Achebe. Washington: Three Continents Press. ISBN 978-0-914478-45-4. .
  • Jaya Lakshmi, Rao V. (2003). Culture and Anarchy in the Novels of Chinua Achebe. Bareilly: Prakash Book Depot.
  • Jeyifo, B. (1993). "Okonkwo and his mother: Things Fall Apart and issues of gender in the constitution of African postcolonial discourse". Callaloo, 16(4), 847–858.
  • July, Robert W. An African Voice. Durham (NC). Duke University Press.1987. ISBN 978-0-8223-0769-3..
  • Killam, G. D. (1977). The Writings of Chinua Achebe. London: Heinemann Educational Books. ISBN 978-0-435-91665-7. .
  • Laurence, Margaret (2001). Long Drums and Cannons: Nigerian Dramatists and Novelists, 1952–1966. Alberta: University of Alberta Press. ISBN 978-0-88864-332-2. .
  • Lawtoo, Nidesh (2013). "A Picture of Africa: Frenzy, Counternarrative, Mimesis." Modern Fictions Studies 59.1 (2013):26–52.
  • Lindfors, Bernth Early Nigerian Literature. New York: Holmes & Meier Publishers, Ltd. 1982. ISBN 978-0-8419-0740-9..
  • Mezu, Rose Ure (2006). Chinua Achebe: The Man and His Works. London: Adonis & Abbey Publishers Ltd. ISBN 978-1-905068-21-0. .
  • Naydenova, Natalia, Salihou Camara Littérature africaine et identité: un hommage à Chinua Achebe. Paris: Editions L'Harmattan. 2013. ISBN 978-2-343-01253-7..
  • Niven, Alistair "Chinua Achebe and the Possibility of Modern Tragedy". In Petersen, Kirsten Holst, and Anna Rutherford, eds. Chinua Achebe: A Celebration. Oxford, England. Dangaroo Press.1991. ISBN 978-0-435-08060-0..
  • Njoku, Benedict Chiaka The Four Novels of Chinua Achebe: A Critical Study. New York: P. Lang. 1984. ISBN 978-0-8204-0154-6..
  • Nnolim, Charles "The Artist in Search of The Right Leadership: Achebe As A Social Critic". In Ihekweazu, Edith. Eagle on Iroko: Selected Papers from the Chinua Achebe International Symposium, 1990. Ibadan, Nigeria: Heinemann Educational Books (Nigeria) PLC. 1996. ISBN 978-978-129-379-5..
  • Ogbaa, Kalu Understanding Things Fall Apart. Westport, Connecticut. Greenwood Press.1999. ISBN 978-0-313-30294-7..
  • Ogede, Ode Achebe and the Politics of Representation: Form Against Itself, From Colonial Conquest and Occupation to Post-Independence Disillusionment. Trenton, New Jersey. Africa World Press.2001. ISBN 978-0-86543-774-6..
  • Ojinmah, Umelo (1991). Chinua Achebe: New Perspectives. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Limited. ISBN 978-978-2461-16-2. .
  • Okpewho, Isidore (ed.) Chinua Achebe's "Things Fall Apart": A Casebook. Oxford, England. Oxford University Press.2003. ISBN 978-0-19-514763-6..
  • Petersen, Kirsten Holst; Rutherford, Anna (1991). Chinua Achebe: A Celebration. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-435-08060-0. 
  • Sallah, Tijan M. and Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala Chinua Achebe, Teacher of Light: A Biography. Trenton, New Jersey. Africa World Press.2003. ISBN 978-1-59221-031-2..
  • Shamim, Amna Colonial/Postcolonial Paradigms in Chinua Achebe's Novels (TFA & AOG). Saarbrücken. Lambert Academic Publishing.2013. ISBN 978-3-659-35098-6..
  • Tredell, Nicolas Joseph Conrad: Heart of Darkness. New York: Columbia University Press. 2000. ISBN 978-0-231-11923-8..
  • Udumukwu, O. . "Violence against Achebe's women: Onkonkwo and 'The Gun that Never Shot'". In Helen Chukwuma (ed.), Achebe's Women: Imagism and Power (201–221). Trenton: Africa World Press.2012.
  • Yankson, Kofi E. Chinua Achebe's Novels: A Sociolinguistic Perspective. Uruowulu-Obosi, Nigeria. Pacific Publishers.1990. ISBN 978-978-2347-79-4..
  • Yousaf, Nahem (2003). Chinua Achebe. Tavistock: Northcote House in Association with the British Council. ISBN 978-0-7463-0885-1. .

Spoljašnje veze[уреди]