Agaricus

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Agaricus
Agaricus campestris.jpg
Agaricus campestris
Naučna klasifikacija edit
Carstvo: Fungi
Tip: Basidiomycota
Klasa: Agaricomycetes
Red: Agaricales
Rod: Agaricaceae
Rod: Agaricus
L.:Fr. emend Karst.
Tipska vrsta
Agaricus campestris
L.:Fr.
Vrste
Sinonimi[1]
  • Amanita Dill. ex Boehm. (1760)
  • Fungus Tourn. ex Adans. (1763)
  • Hypophyllum Paulet (1808)
  • Myces Paulet (1808)
  • Agaricus trib. Psalliota Fr. (1821)
  • Pratella (Pers.) Gray (1821)
  • Psalliota (Fr.) P.Kumm. (1871)

Agaricus je rod pečuraka koji sadrži jestive i otrovne vrste, sa preko 300 članova širom sveta.[2][3] Ovaj rod obuhvata obične gljive (Agaricus bisporus) i poljsku pečurku (Agaricus campestris), koje su dominantni kultivari gljiva na zapadu.

Članovi roda Agaricus su karakterisini mesnatom kapom ili klobukom, s donje strane iz koga rastu brojne zrakaste pločice ili škrge na kojima se proizvode gole spore. One se razlikuju od ostalih članova porodice, Agaricaceae, po njihovim čokoladno-smeđim sporama. Pripadnici ovog roda takođe imaju stabljiku ili struk, koja ih uzdiže iznad objekta na kome gljiva raste, ili supstrata, i delimični veo, koji štiti škrge u razvoju i kasnije formira prsten ili nazubljenje na stabljici.

Sposak vrsta[уреди]

Rod pečurki Agaricus sadrži oko 200 vrsta distribuiranih širom sveta.[4]

Poljska pečurka, Agaricus campestris

Smatra se da Echigoshirayukidake (Basidiomycetes-X) takođe pripada rodu Agaricus, bilo kao podvrsta vrste Agaricus blazei[34] ili kao nova vrsta.[35]

Vidi još[уреди]

Reference[уреди]

  1. ^ „Synonymy: Agaricus L., Sp. pl. 2: 1171 (1753)”. Index Fungorum. CAB International. Приступљено 2013-08-29. 
  2. ^ Bas C. (1991). A short introduction to the ecology, taxonomy and nomenclature of the genus Agaricus, 21–24. In L.J.L.D. Van Griensven (ed.), Genetics and breeding of Agaricus. Pudoc, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
  3. ^ Capelli A. (1984). Agaricus. L.: Fr. (Psalliota Fr.). Liberia editrice Bella Giovanna, Saronno, Italy
  4. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th изд.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. стр. 13. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 5,3 Kerrigan RW, Callac P, Parra LA (2008). „New and rare taxa in Agaricus section Bivelares (Duploannulati)”. Mycologia. 100 (6): 876—92. PMID 19202842. doi:10.3852/08-019. 
  6. ^ He, Mao-Qiang; Chuankid, Boontiya; Hyde, Kevin D.; Cheewangkoon, Ratchadawan; Zhao, Rui-Lin (2018). „A new section and species of Agaricus subgenus Pseudochitonia from Thailand”. MycoKeys. 40 (40): 53—67. doi:10.3897/mycokeys.40.26918. 
  7. 7,0 7,1 Pilát A. (1951). The Bohemian species of the genus Agaricus. Prague, 142 pp.
  8. 8,0 8,1 Murrill WA (1922). „Dark-spored agarics: III. Agaricus”. Mycologia. 14 (4): 200—221. JSTOR 3753642. doi:10.2307/3753642. 
  9. ^ (1899). Spegazzini C. (1899). Fungi argentini novi vel critici. Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 24: 167–186.
  10. ^ Geml J, Geiser DM, Royse DJ (2004). „Molecular evolution of Agaricus species based on ITS and LSU rDNA sequences”. Mycological Progress. 3 (2): 157—76. doi:10.1007/s11557-006-0086-8. 
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  12. 12,0 12,1 Thongklang N, Nawaz R, Khalid AN, Chen J, Hyde KD, Zhao R, Parra LA, Hanif M, Moinard M, Callac P (2014). „Morphological and molecular characterization of three Agaricus species from tropical Asia (Pakistan, Thailand) reveals a new group in section Xanthodermatei”. Mycologia. 106 (6): 1220—32. PMID 25152000. doi:10.3852/14-076. 
  13. ^ Parra LA (2005). „Nomenclatural study of the genus Agaricus L. (Agaricales, Basidiomycotina) of the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands”. Cuadernos de Trabajo Flora Micológica Ibérica. 21: 3—101. 
  14. ^ Parra LA, Muñoz G, Callac P (2014). „Agaricus caballeroi sp. nov., una nueva especie de la sección Nigrobrunnescentes recolectada en España”. Micologia e Vegetazione Mediterranea (на језику: Spanish). 29 (1): 21—38. 
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  17. 17,0 17,1 17,2 17,3 17,4 Lebel T, Syme A (2011). „Sequestrate species of Agaricus and Macrolepiota from Australia: new species and combinations, and their position in a calibrated phylogeny”. Mycologia. 104 (2): 496—520. PMID 22067305. doi:10.3852/11-092. 
  18. 18,0 18,1 Lebel T. (2013). „Two new species of sequestrate Agaricus (section Minores) from Australia”. Mycological Progress. 12 (4): 699—707. doi:10.1007/s11557-012-0879-x. 
  19. ^ Bates ST, Chapman RM, Islam MB, Schwabe A, Wardenaar ECP, Evenson VS (2016). „Phylogenetic placement of the secotioid fungus Araneosa columellata within Agaricus”. Mycotaxon. 131 (1): 103—110. doi:10.5248/131.103. 
  20. ^ Parra LA, Villarreal M, Esteve-Raventos F (2002). „Agaricus endoxanthus una specie tropicale trovata in Spagna”. Rivista di Micologia. 45 (3): 225—233. 
  21. ^ Blanco-Dios JB. (2001). „Agaricales des dunes de Galice (nord-ouest de l'Espagne). 1. Agaricus freirei Blanco-Dios, sp. nov.”. Documents Mycologiques (на језику: French). 31 (127): 27—34. 
  22. ^ Parra LA, Arrillaga P (2002). „Agaricus laskibarii. A new species from French coastal sand-dunes of Seignosse”. Doc Mycol. 31 (124): 33—38. 
  23. ^ Remy L (1964). „Contribution a l'etude de la Flore mycologique Briangonnaise (Basidiomycetes et Discomycetes)”. Bull. Trimestriel Soc. Mycol. France. 80: 459—585. 
  24. ^ Nauta MM (1999). „The Mycoflora of the Falkland Islands: II. Notes on the genus Agaricus”. Kew Bulletin. 54 (3): 621—635. JSTOR 4110859. doi:10.2307/4110859. 
  25. ^ Zhao R-L, Desjardin DE, Callac P, Parra LA, Guinberteau J, Soytong K, Karunarathna S, Zhang Y, Hyde KD (2012). „Two species of Agaricus sect. Xanthodermatei from Thailand”. Mycotaxon. 122: 122—95. doi:10.5248/122.187. 
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  28. ^ Raithelhuber J (1986). „Nomina nova”. Metrodiana. 14: 22. 
  29. ^ Albertó E. (1998). Agaricus santacatalinensis a new species from Argentina”. Mycotaxon. 66: 205—14. 
  30. ^ Sai-Fei L, Ya-Li X, Cai-Xai Q, Qian-Qian L, Sheng-Long W, Guo-Jie L, Dong Z, Shao-Jie L, Hua-An W (2014). „Agaricus taeniatus sp. nov., a new member of Agaricus sect. Bivelares from northwest China”. Mycotaxon. 129: 187—96. doi:10.5248/129.187. 
  31. ^ Singer R, Moser M (1965). „Forest mycology and forest communities in South America”. Mycopathol. Mycol. Appl. 26 (2–3): 129—191. doi:10.1007/BF02049773. 
  32. ^ Heinemann P (1986). „Agarici Austroamericani VI. Apernu sur les Agaricus de Patagonie et de la Terre de Feu”. Bull. Jard. Bot. Belg. 56 (3/4): 417—446. JSTOR 3668202. doi:10.2307/3668202. 
  33. ^ Gerault A. (2005). Florule evolutive des basidiomycotina du Finistere – Homobasidiomycetes – Agaricales: 22.
  34. ^ US 6120772A, Hitoshi Ito & Toshimitsu Sumiya, "Oral drugs for treating AIDS patients", issued 2000-09-19 
  35. ^ Watanabe, T; Nakajima, Y; Konishi, T (2008). „In vitro and in vivo anti-oxidant activity of hot water extract of basidiomycetes-X, newly identified edible fungus” (PDF). Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 31 (1): 111—7. PMID 18175952. doi:10.1248/bpb.31.111. Приступљено 3. 4. 2018. 

Spoljašnje veze[уреди]