Britanci

Из Википедије, слободне енциклопедије
Britanci
Britons
British expats countrymap.svg
'Distribucija Britanaca u svetu

Legenda:

.
Укупна популација
140 милиона
Региони са значајном популацијом
 Velika Britanija 65,6 милиона

Britanci (енгл. Britons, neformalno Brits i arhaično Britishes) je izraz kojim se u najširem smislu označavaju državljani rođeni u Ujedinjenom Kraljevstvu, a u nešto užem stanovnici Britanskih ostrva i prekomorskih zemalja. Ovo ime Britanci su dobili po starom keltskom plemenu, Brita čiji su pripadnici bili prastanovnici Britanskih ostrva.

Prema Enciklopediji Britanika;

U još užem smislu se pod nazivom Britanci podrazumeva nacija čiji se identitet počeo stvarati ujedinjenjem Engleske i Škotske 1707. Stvaranju tog identiteta je doprineo protestantizam, ali i dugogodišnja borba Ujedinjenog Kraljevstva sa Francuskom u napoleonskim ratovima.

Britanska nacija, odnosno britanstvo, se smatra širim okvirom za ranije, nacionalne etničke identitete (Englezi, Škoti, Velšani, Kornvolci), a obično se vezuje uz stereotipe emocionalne rezerviranosti i pristojnosti.

U posljednjih 100 godina devolucija Ujedinjenog Kraljevstva, škotski separatizam i engleski nacionalni identitet dovode u pitanje „britanstvo“, dok ga sa druge strane istovremeno upotpunjuje sve brojniji priliv imigranata, uključujući i one iz zemalja nekadašnjeg Britanske Imperije koji su „britanstvo“ prihvatili kao deo svog identiteta.

Savremeni Britanci uglavnom potiču od različitih etničkih grupa koje su se trajno naselile u Velikoj Britaniji pre 11. veka (počev od 5. veka). Zato se u ovoj naciji mešeju praistorijski, keltski, rimski, anglo-saksonski i nordijski narodi, pre svega Normani koji su se prvo iz skandinavskih zemalja doselili u severnu Francusku, a odatle u Britaniju. Pri tome treba ih razlikovati od Bretonaca koji danas žive u Francuskoj. Iako je etimologija njihovih imena ista, oni potiču od dve različite etničke grupe, koje su zajedničkog keltskog porekla.

Vidi još[уреди]

Izvori[уреди]

  • Adams, Ian (1993). Political Ideology Today (2nd изд.). Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719033476. 
  • Anderson, Monica (2006). Women and the Politics of Travel, 1870-1914. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. ISBN 9780838640913. 
  • Allan, David (2008). Making British Culture: English Readers and the Scottish Enlightenment, 1740-1830. Routledge. ISBN 9780415962865. 
  • Barringer, T. J.; Quilley, Geoff; Fordham, Douglas (2007). Art and the British Empire. Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719073922. 
  • Bartsch-Parker, Elizabeth; O'Maolalaigh, Roibeard; Burger, Stephen (1999). British phrasebook. Lonely Planet. ISBN 9780864424846. 
  • Birnie, Arthur (2006). An Economic History of the British Isles. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780415378727. 
  • Bradley, Ian C. (2007). Believing in Britain: The Spiritual Identity of 'Britishness'. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 9781845113261. 
  • Bradshaw, Brendan; Roberts, Peter (2003). British Consciousness and Identity: The Making of Britain, 1533-1707. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-89361-5. 
  • Broadie, Alexander (2003). The Cambridge Companion to the Scottish Enlightenment. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521003230. 
  • Broich, Ulrich; Bassnett, Susan (2001). Britain at the turn of the Twenty-First Century. Rodopi. ISBN 9789042015364. 
  • Buckner, Phillip (2008). Canada and the British Empire. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199271641. 
  • Burch, Martin; Moran, Michael (1987). British Politics: A Reader. Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719023026. 
  • Bush, Barbara (2006). Imperialism and Postcolonialism. Pearson Education. ISBN 9780582505834. 
  • Campbell, Roy Hutcheson; Skinner, Andrew S. (1985). Adam Smith. Routledge. ISBN 9780709934738. 
  • Caunce, Stephen; Mazierska, Ewa; Sydney-Smith, Susan (2004). Relocating Britishness. Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719070266. 
  • Christopher, David (1999). British Culture. Routledge. ISBN 9780415142182. 
  • Colley, Linda (1992). Britons: Forging the Nation, 1701-1837. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-30005-737-9. 
  • Commission for Racial Equality (2005). Citizenship and Belonging: What is Britishness? (PDF). Commission for Racial Equality. ISBN 1-85442-573-0. 
  • Cosman, Milein (1957), Musical Sketchbook, Cassirer 
  • Craith, Máiréad Nic (2002). Plural identities--singular narratives: the case of Northern Ireland. Berghahn Books. ISBN 9781571813145. 
  • Croft, Pauline (2003). King James. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-61395-3. 
  • Crowest, Frederick James (1896), The Story of British Music, C. Scribner's sons 
  • Cunliffe, Barry (2005). Iron Age communities in Britain: an account of England, Scotland and Wales from the seventh century BC until the Roman conquest (4th изд.). Routledge. ISBN 9780415347792. 
  • Darian-Smith, Kate; Grimshaw, Patricia; Macintyre, Stuart (2007). Britishness Abroad: Transnational Movements and Imperial Cultures. Melbourne University Publishing. ISBN 9780522853926. 
  • Dearlove, John; Saunders, Peter (2000). Introduction to British Politics (3rd изд.). Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 9780745620961. 
  • Else, David; Attwooll, Jolyon; Beech, Charlotte; Clapton, Laetitia; Berry, Oliver; Davenport, Fionn (2007). Great Britain (7th изд.). Lonely Planet. ISBN 9781741045659. 
  • Ember, Carol R.; Ember, Melvin; Skoggard, Ian A. (2004). Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World. Springer. ISBN 9780306483219. 
  • Finnegan, Richard B.; McCarron, Edward (2000). Ireland: Historical Echoes, Contemporary Politics (2nd изд.). Westview Press. ISBN 9780813332475. 
  • Gallagher, Michael (2006). The United Kingdom Today. London: Franklin Watts. ISBN 9780749664886. 
  • Galligan, Brian; Roberts, Winsome; Trifiletti, Gabriella (2001). Australians and Globalisation: the Experience of two Centuries. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521010894. 
  • Gay, O; Rees, A. (2005), „The Privy Council” (PDF), House of Commons Library Standard Note, SN/PC/2708, Приступљено 2. 8. 2008 
  • Goldman, Dodi (1993). Jason Aronson. ISBN 9780876680063.  Текст „In Search of the Real: the Origins and Originality of D.W. Winnicott” игнорисан (помоћ); Недостаје или је празан параметар |title= (помоћ)
  • Gottlieb, Evan (2007). Feeling British: sympathy and national identity in Scottish and English writing, 1707-1832. Bucknell University Press. ISBN 9780838756782. 
  • Gottlieb, Julie V.; Linehan, Thomas P. (2004). The Culture of Fascism: Visions of the Far Right in Britain. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 9781860647994. 
  • Hall, Catherine; Rose, Sonya (2006). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521854061.  Текст „At Home with the Empire: Metropolitan Culture and the Imperial World” игнорисан (помоћ); Недостаје или је празан параметар |title= (помоћ)
  • Hardill, Irene; Graham, David T.; Kofman, Eleonore (2001). Human Geography of the UK: An Introduction. Routledge. ISBN 9780415214254. 
  • Harewood, George H. H. L. (1962), Opera, Rolls House 
  • Harrison, Brian Howard (1996). The Transformation of British politics, 1860-1995. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198731214. 
  • Hilton, Boyd (2006). A mad, bad, and dangerous people?: England, 1783-1846. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198228301. 
  • Howe, Stephen (2002). Ireland and Empire: Colonial Legacies in Irish History and Culture. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199249909. 
  • Ichijo, Atsuko; Spohn, Willfried (2005). Entangled Identities: Nations and Europe. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 9780754643722. 
  • James, Robert Rhodes (1978). The British Revolution: British Politics, 1880-1939. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780416711400. 
  • Clifton, Lewis (1999), The Falkland Islands: Self-government with an emerging national identity?, London: News and Journal 2004, The 21st century Trust 
  • Lynch, Michael (1992). Scotland: A New History. Pimlico. ISBN 0-7126-9893-0. 
  • Macdonald, A. M. (1969). Chambers Compact Dictionary. Edinburgh: W. & R. Chambers. ISBN 0-550-10605-7. 
  • MacKenzie, John M. (1989). Imperialism and Popular Culture. Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719018688. 
  • Marshall, Peter James (2001). The Cambridge Illustrated History of the British Empire. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521002547. 
  • McLean, Iain (2001). Rational Choice and British Politics. Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-829529-4. 
  • Mein Smith, Philippa (2005). A Concise History of New Zealand. Australia: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-54228-6. 
  • Mulgan, R. G.; Aimer, Peter (2004). Politics in New Zealand (3rd изд.). Auckland University Press. ISBN 9781869403188. 
  • O'Meara, Tom (2007). A Miscellany of Britain. Toronto: Arcturus Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84193-664-2. 
  • O'Neill, Michael (2004). Devolution and British Politics. Pearson/Longman. ISBN 9780582472747. 
  • Office for National Statistics (2000). Britain 2001: The Official Handbook of the United Kingdom. London: Stationery Office Books. ISBN 978-0116212788. 
  • Oppenheimer, Stephen (2006). The Origins of the British: A Genetic Detective Story. Constable. ISBN 9781845291587. 
  • Park, Alison (2005). British Social Attitudes: The 21st Report. SAGE. ISBN 9780761942788. 
  • Powell, David (2002). Nationhood and Identity: the British State since 1800. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 9781860645174. 
  • Power, Timothy Joseph; Rae, Nicol C. (2006). Exporting Congress?: the influence of the U.S. Congress on world legislatures. University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 9780822959212. 
  • Richardson, Lewis Fry; Ashford, Oliver M. (1993). Collected Papers of Lewis Fry Richardson. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521382984. 
  • Robbins, Keith (1998). Great Britain: identities, institutions, and the idea of Britishness. Longman. ISBN 9780582031388. 
  • Rojek, Chris (2008). Brit-Myth: Who Do the British Think They Are?. Reaktion Books. ISBN 978-1861893369. 
  • Rose, Arnold Marshall (1958). The Institutions of Advanced Societies. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 9780816601684. 
  • Rosen, Andrew (2003). The Transformation of British Life, 1950-2000: A Social History. Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719066122. 
  • Ross, David (2002). Chronology of Scottish History. Geddes & Grosset. ISBN 1-85534-380-0. 
  • Ryrie, Alec (2006). The origins of the Scottish Reformation. Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719071058. 
  • Scholes, Percy A. (1970), The Oxford Companion to Music (10th изд.), Oxford University Press 
  • Singh, Sarina; Butler, Stuart; Jealous, Virginia; Karafin, Amy; Richmond, Simon; Wlodarski, Rafael (2007). South India (4th изд.). Lonely Planet. ISBN 9781741047042. 
  • Smyth, Alfred P. (1998). Medieval Europeans: studies in ethnic identity and national perspectives in Medieval Europe. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9780312213015. 
  • Spencer, Colin (2003). British Food: An Extraordinary Thousand Years of History. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0231131100. 
  • Sykes, Bryan (2006). Blood of the Isles. Bantam Press. ISBN 9780593056523. 
  • Tonge, Jonathan (2002). Northern Ireland: Conflict and Change (2nd изд.). Pearson Education. ISBN 9780582424005. 
  • Trudgill, Peter (1984). Language in the British Isles. CUP Archive. ISBN 9780521284097. 
  • Walton, John K. (2000). Fish and chips and the British working class, 1870-1940. Continuum International. ISBN 9780718521202. 
  • Ward, Paul (2004). Britishness Since 1870. Routledge. ISBN 9780203494721. 
  • Whale, John C.; Copley, Stephen (1992). Beyond romanticism: new approaches to texts and contexts, 1780-1832. Routledge. ISBN 9780415052016. 
  • Whittle (2005). Creative Tension: British Art 1900-1950. Paul Holberton Publishing. ISBN 978-1903470282. 
  • Williams, Daniel G. (2006). Ethnicity and cultural authority: from Arnold to Du Bois. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 9780748622054. 
  • Willson, David Harris (1963). King James VI & I. London: Jonathan Cape. ISBN 0-224-60572-0. 
  • Woodward, Kath (2000). Questioning Identity: Gender, Class and Nation. Routledge. ISBN 9780415222877. 

Спољашње везе[уреди]