Кушанско царство

С Википедије, слободне енциклопедије

Не поистовећивати са Краљевством Куш.
Простор на коме се простирало Кушанско царство

Кушанско царство је била древна држава формирана на територији античке Бактрије на обалама Аму Дарије, односно територијама данашњег северног Авганистана, те јужног Таџикистана и Узбекистана.[1] У 1. и 2. веку су Кушани продрли на северни део Индијског потконтинета све до Сакете и Сарната крај Варанасија (Бенарес) где натписи из 127. н. е. спомињу најпознатијег кушанског владара Канишку.[2][3][4]

Кушани су представљали један од огранака Јуежи племенског савеза, те су одржавали дипломатске контакте с Римом, Персијом и Кином династије Хан. Иако су унутар његових граница створена бројна уметничка и књижевна дела, једини текстови о Кушанима потичу од других народа који су им били савременици, поготово Кинеза.[5] Царство је ослабило у 3. веку те пало под власт Сасанида и Гупта.

Референце[уреди | уреди извор]

  1. ^ Hill 2009, стр. 29, 318-350.
  2. ^ Falk, Harry (2001): "The yuga of Sphujiddhvaja and the era of the Kuṣâṇas." Silk Road Art and Archaeology VII, pp. 121-136.
  3. ^ Falk, Harry (2004): "The Kaniṣka era in Gupta records." Silk Road Art and Archaeology X (2004), pp. 167-176.
  4. ^ Hill 2009, стр. 29, 33, 368-371.
  5. ^ Hill (2009), pp. 36 and notes.

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