Folitropinska podjedinica beta

Из Википедије, слободне енциклопедије
Folikostimulišući hormon, beta polipeptid

PDB prikaz baziran na 1fl7.
Dostupne strukture
1FL7, 1XWD, 4AY9
Identifikatori
Simbol FSHB
Vanjski ID OMIM136530 MGI95582 HomoloGene430 GeneCards: FSHB Gene
Pregled RNK izražavanja
PBB GE FSHB 214489 at tn.png
podaci
Ortolozi
Vrsta Čovek Miš
Entrez 2488 14308
Ensembl ENSG00000131808 ENSMUSG00000027120
UniProt P01225 Q60687
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_000510.2 NM_008045.2
RefSeq (protein) NP_000501.1 NP_032071.1
Lokacija (UCSC) Chr 11:
30.25 - 30.26 Mb
Chr 2:
107.06 - 107.06 Mb
PubMed pretraga [1] [2]

Folitropinska podjedinica beta (beta podjedica folikostimulišućeg hormona, FSH-B) je protein koji je kod ljudi kodiran FSHB genom.[1][2][3] Alternativno splajsovanje proizvodi dve transkriptne varijante koji kodiraju isti protein.

Funkcija[уреди]

Hipofizna glikoproteinska hormonska familija obuhvata folikulostimulišući hormon, luteinizirajući hormon, humani horionski gonadotropin, i tireostimulišući hormon. Svi ti glikoproteini sadrže identičnu alfa podjedinicu i hormon specifičnu beta podjedinicu. Ovaj gen kodira beta podjedinicu folikul-stimulišućeg hormona. Zajedno sa luteinizirajućim hormonom, folikulostimulišuć hormon indukuje produkciju jaja i sperme.[3]

Reference[уреди]

  1. Watkins PC, Eddy R, Beck AK, Vellucci V, Leverone B, Tanzi RE, Gusella JF, Shows TB (Aug 1987). „DNA sequence and regional assignment of the human follicle-stimulating hormone beta-subunit gene to the short arm of human chromosome 11”. DNA 6 (3): 205–12. DOI:10.1089/dna.1987.6.205. PMID 2885163. 
  2. Shome B, Parlow AF, Liu WK, Nahm HS, Wen T, Ward DN (Sep 1989). „A reevaluation of the amino acid sequence of human follitropin beta-subunit”. J Protein Chem 7 (4): 325–39. DOI:10.1007/BF01024882. PMID 3151250. 
  3. 3,0 3,1 „Entrez Gene: FSHB follicle stimulating hormone, beta polypeptide”. 

Literatura[уреди]

  • Barrios-De-Tomasi J, Timossi C, Merchant H et al. (2002). „Assessment of the in vitro and in vivo biological activities of the human follicle-stimulating isohormones”. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. 186 (2): 189–98. DOI:10.1016/S0303-7207(01)00657-8. PMID 11900895. 
  • Saxena BB, Rathnam P (1976). „Amino acid sequence of the beta subunit of follicle-stimulating hormone from human pituitary glands”. J. Biol. Chem. 251 (4): 993–1005. PMID 1249074. 
  • Keene JL, Matzuk MM, Otani T et al. (1989). „Expression of biologically active human follitropin in Chinese hamster ovary cells”. J. Biol. Chem. 264 (9): 4769–75. PMID 2494176. 
  • Jameson JL, Becker CB, Lindell CM, Habener JF (1988). „Human follicle-stimulating hormone beta-subunit gene encodes multiple messenger ribonucleic acids”. Mol. Endocrinol. 2 (9): 806–15. DOI:10.1210/mend-2-9-806. PMID 3139991. 
  • Shome B, Parlow AF (1974). „Human follicle stimulating hormone: first proposal for the amino acid sequence of the hormone-specific, beta subunit (hFSHb)”. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 39 (1): 203–5. DOI:10.1210/jcem-39-1-203. PMID 4835136. 
  • Fujiki Y, Rathnam P, Saxena BB (1980). „Studies on the disulfide bonds in human pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone”. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 624 (2): 428–35. PMID 6774759. 
  • Böckers TM, Nieschlag E, Kreutz MR, Bergmann M (1995). „Localization of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) immunoreactivity and hormone receptor mRNA in testicular tissue of infertile men”. Cell Tissue Res. 278 (3): 595–600. DOI:10.1007/BF00331379. PMID 7850869. 
  • Matthews CH, Borgato S, Beck-Peccoz P et al. (1993). „Primary amenorrhoea and infertility due to a mutation in the beta-subunit of follicle-stimulating hormone”. Nat. Genet. 5 (1): 83–6. DOI:10.1038/ng0993-83. PMID 8220432. 
  • Layman LC, Lee EJ, Peak DB et al. (1997). „Delayed puberty and hypogonadism caused by mutations in the follicle-stimulating hormone beta-subunit gene”. N. Engl. J. Med. 337 (9): 607–11. DOI:10.1056/NEJM199708283370905. PMID 9271483. 
  • Cargill M, Altshuler D, Ireland J et al. (1999). „Characterization of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in coding regions of human genes”. Nat. Genet. 22 (3): 231–8. DOI:10.1038/10290. PMID 10391209. 
  • Grasso P, Rozhavskaya-Arena M, Reichert LE (1999). „Cysteine residues in a synthetic peptide corresponding to human follicle-stimulating hormone beta-subunit receptor-binding domain 81-95 [hFSH-beta-(81-95)] modulate the in vivo effects of hFSH-beta-(81-95) on the mouse estrous cycle”. Regul. Pept. 81 (1–3): 67–71. DOI:10.1016/S0167-0115(99)00022-1. PMID 10395410. 
  • Ben-Menahem D, Hyde R, Pixley M et al. (1999). „Synthesis of multi-subunit domain gonadotropin complexes: a model for alpha/beta heterodimer formation”. Biochemistry 38 (46): 15070–7. DOI:10.1021/bi991510c. PMID 10563789. 
  • Dias Neto E, Correa RG, Verjovski-Almeida S et al. (2000). „Shotgun sequencing of the human transcriptome with ORF expressed sequence tags”. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97 (7): 3491–6. DOI:10.1073/pnas.97.7.3491. PMC 16267. PMID 10737800. 
  • Hartley JL, Temple GF, Brasch MA (2001). „DNA Cloning Using In Vitro Site-Specific Recombination”. Genome Res. 10 (11): 1788–95. DOI:10.1101/gr.143000. PMC 310948. PMID 11076863. 
  • Fox KM, Dias JA, Van Roey P (2001). „Three-dimensional structure of human follicle-stimulating hormone”. Mol. Endocrinol. 15 (3): 378–89. DOI:10.1210/me.15.3.378. PMID 11222739. 
  • Amoresano A, Orrù S, Siciliano RA et al. (2002). „Assignment of the complete disulphide bridge pattern in the human recombinant follitropin beta-chain”. Biol. Chem. 382 (6): 961–8. DOI:10.1515/BC.2001.120. PMID 11501762. 
  • Walton WJ, Nguyen VT, Butnev VY et al. (2001). „Characterization of human FSH isoforms reveals a nonglycosylated beta-subunit in addition to the conventional glycosylated beta-subunit”. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 86 (8): 3675–85. DOI:10.1210/jc.86.8.3675. PMID 11502795.