Синклер Луис

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Синклер Луис
Lewis-Sinclair-LOC.jpg
Нобеловац Синклер Луис
Пуно имеСинклер Луис
Датум рођења(1885-02-07)7. фебруар 1885.
Место рођењаСок Сентер,
Датум смрти10. јануар 1951.(1951-01-10) (65 год.)
Место смртиРим,
ШколаУниверзитет Јејл, Oberlin College
НаградеНобелова награда за књижевност

Синклер Луис (енгл. Sinclair Lewis; 7. фебруар 188510. јануар 1951), био је амерички књижевник и Нобеловац.

Рођен је 1885, имао је живот испуњен разноврсним искуствима, корисним за стварање широке визије америчког друштва, чију ће снажну слику дати у својим романима. Тако је он, рецимо, прекинуо студије на универзитету Јејл, и отишао да ради на Панамском каналу. А онда се вратио на Јејл и дипломирао, 1908. Наредних година је пуно путовао по Америци, радећи као извештач многих листова и агенција. У почетку, док још није нашао свој прави пут, писао је булеварску прозу, приче и романе, све док 1920. није објавио роман „Главна улица” и постигао огроман успех. За кратко време било је распродато пола милиона примерака, а роман је преведен на безмало све европске језике.

Уследили су потом романи:„Краљевска крв”,„Бебит”, „Елмер Гантри”, „Човек који је познавао Кулиџа”, „Додсворт”, „Мартин Ароусмит”, „Ана Викерс”, „Уметничко дело”, „То је овде немогуће”.[1][2] Њима је Луис избио у ред великих реалистичких писаца савремене Америке, с подједнаким познавањем описујући живот различитих слојева и врло различитих јунака.[3] Снажна сатиричка, критичка нота изазивала је често противречне реакције јавности. Од похвала критике и слободоумних интелектуалаца – до позива на бојкот, линч, хапшење! Синклер Луис је један од најславнијих писаца такозване изгубљене генерације. Нобелову награду за књижевност добио је 1930. године.[4] Преминуо је 1951.[5]

Радови[уреди | уреди извор]

Луис 1944.

Новеле[уреди | уреди извор]

Babbitt, Mantrap and Cass Timberline were published as Armed Services Editions during WWII.

Кратке приче[уреди | уреди извор]

  • 1907: "That Passage in Isaiah", The Blue Mule, May 1907
  • 1907: "Art and the Woman", The Gray Goose, June 1907
  • 1911: "The Way to Rome", The Bellman, May 13, 1911
  • 1915: "Commutation: $9.17", The Saturday Evening Post, October 30, 1915
  • 1915: "The Other Side of the House", The Saturday Evening Post, November 27, 1915
  • 1916: "If I Were Boss", The Saturday Evening Post, January 1 and 8, 1916
  • 1916: "I'm a Stranger Here Myself", The Smart Set, August 1916
  • 1916: "He Loved His Country", Everybody's Magazine, October 1916
  • 1916: "Honestly If Possible", The Saturday Evening Post, October 14, 191
  • 1917: "Twenty-Four Hours in June", The Saturday Evening Post, February 17, 1917
  • 1917: "The Innocents", Woman's Home Companion, March 1917
  • 1917: "A Story with a Happy Ending", The Saturday Evening Post, March 17, 1917
  • 1917: "Hobohemia", The Saturday Evening Post, April 7, 1917
  • 1917: "The Ghost Patrol", The Red Book Magazine, June 1917
    Adapted for the silent film The Ghost Patrol (1923)
  • 1917: "Young Man Axelbrod", The Century, June 1917
  • 1917: "A Woman by Candlelight", The Saturday Evening Post, July 28, 1917
  • 1917: "The Whisperer", The Saturday Evening Post, August 11, 1917
  • 1917: "The Hidden People", Good Housekeeping, September 1917
  • 1917: "Joy-Joy", The Saturday Evening Post, October 20, 1917
  • 1918: "A Rose for Little Eva", McClure's, February 1918
  • 1918: "Slip It to 'Em", Metropolitan Magazine, March 1918
  • 1918: "An Invitation to Tea", Every Week, June 1, 1918
  • 1918: "The Shadowy Glass", The Saturday Evening Post, June 22, 1918
  • 1918: "The Willow Walk", The Saturday Evening Post, August 10, 1918
  • 1918: "Getting His Bit", Metropolitan Magazine, September 1918
  • 1918: "The Swept Hearth", The Saturday Evening Post, September 21, 1918
  • 1918: "Jazz", Metropolitan Magazine, October 1918
  • 1918: "Gladvertising", The Popular Magazine, October 7, 1918
  • 1919: "Moths in the Arc Light", The Saturday Evening Post, January 11, 1919
  • 1919: "The Shrinking Violet", The Saturday Evening Post, February 15, 1919
  • 1919: "Things", The Saturday Evening Post, February 22, 1919
  • 1919: "The Cat of the Stars", The Saturday Evening Post, April 19, 1919
  • 1919: "The Watcher Across the Road", The Saturday Evening Post, May 24, 1919
  • 1919: "Speed", The Red Book Magazine, June 1919
  • 1919: "The Shrimp-Colored Blouse", The Red Book Magazine, August 1919
  • 1919: "The Enchanted Hour", The Saturday Evening Post, August 9, 1919
  • 1919: "Danger—Run Slow", The Saturday Evening Post, October 18 and 25, 1919
  • 1919: "Bronze Bars", The Saturday Evening Post, December 13, 1919
  • 1920: "Habaes Corpus", The Saturday Evening Post, January 24, 1920
  • 1920: "Way I See It", The Saturday Evening Post, May 29, 1920
  • 1920: "The Good Sport", The Saturday Evening Post, December 11, 1920
  • 1921: "A Matter of Business", Harper's, March 1921
  • 1921: "Number Seven to Sagapoose", The American Magazine, May 1921
  • 1921: "The Post-Mortem Murder", The Century, May 1921
  • 1923: "The Hack Driver", The Nation, August 29, 1923[6]
  • 1929: "He Had a Brother", Cosmopolitan, May 1929
  • 1929: "There Was a Prince", Cosmopolitan, June 1929
  • 1929: "Elizabeth, Kitty and Jane", Cosmopolitan, July 1929
  • 1929: "Dear Editor", Cosmopolitan, August 1929
  • 1929: "What a Man!", Cosmopolitan, September 1929
  • 1929: "Keep Out of the Kitchen", Cosmopolitan, October 1929
  • 1929: "A Letter from the Queen", Cosmopolitan, December 1929
  • 1930: "Youth", Cosmopolitan, February 1930
  • 1930: "Noble Experiment", Cosmopolitan, August 1930
  • 1930: "Little Bear Bongo", Cosmopolitan, September 1930
    Adapted for the animated feature film Fun and Fancy Free (1947)
  • 1930: "Go East, Young Man", Cosmopolitan, December 1930
  • 1931: "Let's Play King", Cosmopolitan, January, February and March 1931
  • 1931: "Pajamas", Redbook, April 1931
  • 1931: "Ring Around a Rosy", The Saturday Evening Post, June 6, 1931
  • 1931: "City of Mercy", Cosmopolitan, July 1931
  • 1931: "Land", The Saturday Evening Post, September 12, 1931
  • 1931: "Dollar Chasers", The Saturday Evening Post, October 17 and 24, 1931
  • 1935: "The Hippocratic Oath", Cosmopolitan, June 1935
  • 1935: "Proper Gander", The Saturday Evening Post, July 13, 1935
  • 1935: "Onward, Sons of Ingersoll!", Scribner's, August 1935
  • 1936: "From the Queen", Argosy, February 1936
  • 1941: "The Man Who Cheated Time", Good Housekeeping, March 1941
  • 1941: "Manhattan Madness", The American Magazine, September 1941
  • 1941: "They Had Magic Then!", Liberty, September 6, 1941
  • 1943: "All Wives Are Angels", Cosmopolitan, February 1943
  • 1943: "Nobody to Write About", Cosmopolitan, July 1943
  • 1943: "Green Eyes—A Handbook of Jealousy", Cosmopolitan, September and October 1943
  • 1943: Harri
    Serialized in Good Housekeeping, August, September 1943 ISBN 978-1523653508(novella)

Кратке приче (1904–1949)[уреди | уреди извор]

Самуел Ј. Рогал је уредио Кратке приче Синклера Луиса (1904–1949), седмотомни сет који је 2007. објавио Едвин Мелен прес. Први покушај да се прикупе све Луисове кратке приче.[7]

Чланци[уреди | уреди извор]

  • 1915: "Nature, Inc.", The Saturday Evening Post, October 2, 1915
  • 1917: "For the Zelda Bunch", McClure's, October 1917
  • 1918: "Spiritualist Vaudeville", Metropolitan Magazine, February 1918
  • 1919: "Adventures in Autobumming: Gasoline Gypsies", The Saturday Evening Post, December 20, 1919
  • 1919: "Adventures in Autobumming: Want a Lift?", The Saturday Evening Post, December 27, 1919
  • 1920: "Adventures in Autobumming: The Great American Frying Pan", The Saturday Evening Post, January 3, 1920

Драме[уреди | уреди извор]

Сценарио[уреди | уреди извор]

Поеме[уреди | уреди извор]

  • 1907: "The Ultra-Modern", The Smart Set, July 1907
  • 1907: "Dim Hours of Dusk", The Smart Set, August 1907
  • 1907: "Disillusion", The Smart Set, December 1907
  • 1909: "Summer in Winter", People's Magazine, February 1909
  • 1912: "A Canticle of Great Lovers", Ainslee's Magazine, July 1912

Предговори[уреди | уреди извор]

  • 1942: Henry Ward Beecher: An American Portrait (by Paxton Hibben; publisher: The Press of the Readers Club, NY NY)

Књиге[уреди | уреди извор]

  • 1915: Tennis As I Play It (ghostwritten for Maurice McLoughlin)[9]
  • 1926: John Dos Passos' Manhattan Transfer
  • 1929: Cheap and Contented Labor: The Picture of a Southern Mill Town in 1929
  • 1935: Selected Short Stories of Sinclair Lewis
  • 1952: From Main Street to Stockholm: Letters of Sinclair Lewis, 1919–1930 (edited by Alfred Harcourt and Oliver Harrison)
  • 1953: A Sinclair Lewis Reader: Selected Essays and Other Writings, 1904–1950 (edited by Harry E. Maule and Melville Cane)
  • 1962: I'm a Stranger Here Myself and Other Stories (edited by Mark Schorer)
  • 1962: Sinclair Lewis: A Collection of Critical Essays (edited by Mark Schorer)
  • 1985: Selected Letters of Sinclair Lewis (edited by John J. Koblas and Dave Page)
  • 1997: If I Were Boss: The Early Business Stories of Sinclair Lewis (edited by Anthony Di Renzo)
  • 2000: Minnesota Diary, 1942–46 (edited by George Killough)
  • 2005: Go East, Young Man: Sinclair Lewis on Class in America (edited by Sally E. Parry)
  • 2005: The Minnesota Stories of Sinclair Lewis (edited by Sally E. Parry)

Референце[уреди | уреди извор]

  1. ^ Панчић, Теофил. „ROMAN – TO JE OVDE NEMOGUĆE > »Mali čovek« i veliko zlo”. vreme.com. Приступљено 23. 1. 2021. 
  2. ^ Tasić, Jelena. „Knjiga koja je predvidela današnju Ameriku”. danas.rs. Приступљено 23. 1. 2021. 
  3. ^ „Синклер Луис, први Американац који је добио Нобелову награду за књижевност”. greelane.com. Приступљено 23. 1. 2021. 
  4. ^ STANKOVIĆ, Dušan. „Genije sa vizijom”. novosti.rs. Приступљено 23. 1. 2021. 
  5. ^ ТСАНКОВА, ГЕРГАНА. „Синклер Луис - бекства црвенокосог побуњеника”. binar.bg. Архивирано из оригинала на датум 16. 01. 2021. Приступљено 23. 1. 2021. 
  6. ^ „The Hack Driver” (PDF). Footprints Without Fleet: Supplementary Reader in English for Class X. New Delhi: NCERT. 2018. стр. 46—52. ISBN 978-81-7450-709-9. OCLC 1144708212. 
  7. ^ „The Short Stories of Sinclair Lewis (1904–1949)”. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press. Приступљено 31. 12. 2013. 
  8. ^ Lewis, Sinclair; Schary, Dore (1963). Storm In the West. New York: Stein and Day. 
  9. ^ Pastore, 323–5

Литература[уреди | уреди извор]

  • Lingeman, Richard R. (2002) Sinclair Lewis: Rebel From Main Street. New York: Borealis Books. ISBN 0873515412. online
  • Pastore, Stephen R. (1997) Sinclair Lewis: A Descriptive Bibliography. New Haven, YALE UP. ISBN 0965627500.
  • Schorer, Mark. (1961) Sinclair Lewis: An American Life. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1961. online
  • Augspurger, Michael. "Sinclair Lewis' Primers for the Professional Managerial Class: Babbitt, Arrowsmith, and Dodsworth." Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association 34.2 (2001): 73–97. online
  • Babcock, C. Merton, and Sinclair Lewis. "Americanisms in the Novels of Sinclair Lewis." American Speech 35.2 (1960): 110–116. online
  • Blair, Amy. "Main Street Reading Main Street." New directions in American reception study (2008): 139–58.
  • Bucco, Martin. Main Street: The Revolt of Carol Kennicott, 1993.
  • Dooley, D. J. The Art of Sinclair Lewis, 1967.
  • Eisenman, David J. "Rereading Arrowsmith in the COVID-19 Pandemic." JAMA 324.4 (2020): 319–320. online
  • Fleming, Robert E. Sinclair Lewis, a reference guide (1980) online
  • Hutchisson, James M. "Sinclair Lewis, Paul De Kruif, and the Composition of" Arrowsmith"." Studies in the Novel 24.1 (1992): 48–66. online
  • Hutchisson, James M. "All of Us Americans at 46: The Making of Sinclair Lewis' Babbitt." Journal of Modern Literature 18.1 (1992): 95–114. online
  • Hutchisson, James M. Rise of Sinclair Lewis, 1920–1930 (Penn State Press, 2010). online
  • Light, Martin. The Quixotic Vision of Sinclair Lewis (1975) online.
  • Love, Glen A. Babbitt: An American Life
  • Love, Glen A. "New Pioneering on the Prairies: Nature, Progress and the Individual in the Novels of Sinclair Lewis." American Quarterly 25.5 (1973): 558–577. online
  • Michels, Steven J. Sinclair Lewis and American Democracy (Lexington Books, 2016).
  • Poll, Ryan. Main Street and Empire. (2012).
  • Schorer, Mark, ed. Sinclair Lewis, a collection of critical essays (1962) online
  • Strenski, Ellen. "It Can't Happen Here, or Has It? Sinclair Lewis's Fascist America." Terrorism and Political Violence 29.3 (2017): 425–436, compare with Donald Trump. https://doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2017.1304760
  • Tanner, Stephen L. "Sinclair Lewis and Fascism." Studies in the Novel 22.1 (1990): 57–66. online
  • Winans, Edward R. "Monarch Notes: Sinclair Lewis' Babbitt (1965) online
  • Witschi, Nicolas. "Sinclair Lewis, the Voice of Satire, and Mary Austin's Revolt from the Village." American Literary Realism, 1870–1910 30.1 (1997): 75–90. online
  • Modern Fiction Studies, vol. 31.3, Autumn 1985, special issues on Sinclair Lewis.
  • Sinclair Lewis at 100: Papers Presented at a Centennial Conference, 1985.

Спољашње везе[уреди | уреди извор]