Martin Hajdeger

С Википедије, слободне енциклопедије
Martin Hajdeger
Heidegger 4 (1960) cropped.jpg
Martin Hajdeger (1960)
Datum rođenja(1889-09-26)26. septembar 1889.
Mesto rođenjaMeskirh
Nemačko carstvo
Datum smrti26. мај 1976.(1976-05-26) (86 год.)
Mesto smrtiFrajburg
Zapadna Nemačka
Uticaji odEdmund Huserl, Fridrih Niče, Seren Kirkegor, Heraklit

Potpis

Martin Hajdeger (nem. Martin Heidegger;[1][2][3][1] 26. septembar 188926. maj 1976) je bio nemački filozof. Posebno značajan je Hajdegerov doprinos tumačenju Ničeovog dela. Hajdeger je odlučujuće uticao na formiranje mnogih filozofskih pravaca postmoderne, ali i izazivao kontroverze svojim vezama sa nacistima tokom ranih tridesetih godina. Uz Huserla Hajdeger se smatra za najuticajnijeg filozofa kontinentalne tradicije.

Život[уреди | уреди извор]

Kuća u Meskirhu, u kojoj je Hajdeger odrastao
Grob Martina Hajdegera

Rođen je u porodici zvonara seoske crkve u Meskirhu (Baden) 26. septembar 1889. god.

Počeo je da studira teologiju ali se ipak opredelio za filozofiju, koju je studirao u Konstanci i Frajburgu.

Veliki uspeh knjige „Biće i vreme“ omogućio je Hajdegeru da postane profesor u Frajburgu. Predavao je filozofiju sve do penzionisanja 1945. Penzionisale su ga francuske okupacione vlasti, zbog poznatog rektorskog govora u vreme dolaska nacista na vlast, u kome je slavio "Istorijski poziv Nemačke...". Ostatak života proveo je povučeno u planinskoj kući na padinama Crne šume, ispod Švarcvalda. Hajdeger se smatra jednim od najuticajnijih filozofa 20. veka. Posebno je značajan njegov uticaj u kontinentalnoj filozofskoj tradiciji (posebno na Žan Pola Sartra) a takođe je uticao na istaknutog rimokatoličkog teologa Karla Ranera.

Hajdeger je umro u Frajburgu in Bresgau 26. maja 1976.

Kontroverze oko nacionalsocijalizma[уреди | уреди извор]

Posle dolaska Hitlera na vlast 1933. godine Hajdeger se učlanjuje u nacionalsocijalističku partiju i biva izabran za rektora Univerziteta u Frajburgu. Te godine drži i poznati rektorski govor u kome govori o pozivu nemačkih univerziteta u novom vremenu. Njegova karijera se međutim zbog neslaganja sa nacistima završava već 1934. godine. Ostaje učlanjen u nacionalsocijalističku partiju sve do završetka rata. Zbog svega ovoga francuske okupacione vlasti mu brane da predaje na univerzitetu sve do 1951. godine kada nastavlja i zadržava se na redovnim studijama sve do 1967.

Radovi[уреди | уреди извор]

Najznačajnija dela Martina Hajdegera su :

  • Biće i vreme,
  • Šta je metafizika,
  • Šta je filozofija,
  • Kant i problemi metafizike,
  • O biti razloga,
  • O biti istine,
  • O humanizmu,
  • Identitet i razlika,
  • Niče,
  • Šumske staze...

Vidi još[уреди | уреди извор]

Reference[уреди | уреди извор]

  1. ^ а б Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd изд.), Longman, ISBN 9781405881180 
  2. ^ "Heidegger". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
  3. ^ „Martin - Französisch-Übersetzung - Langenscheidt Deutsch-Französisch Wörterbuch” (на језику: немачки и француски). Langenscheidt. Приступљено 22. 10. 2018. 

Literatura[уреди | уреди извор]

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  • Reiner Schürmann, Heidegger on Being and Acting: From Principles to Anarchy
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  • Julian Young, Heidegger's Philosophy of Art
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  • Jean Beaufret, Dialogue avec Heidegger, 4 vols., Paris: Minuit, 1973–1985.
  • Jean-François Courtine, Heidegger et la phénoménologie, Paris: Vrin, 1990.
  • John E. Drabinski and Eric S. Nelson, eds., Between Levinas and Heidegger, Albany: SUNY Press, 2014.
  • Dominique Janicaud, trans. François Raffoul and David Pettigrew, Heidegger en France, 2 vols., Paris: Albin Michel, 2001.
  • Ethan Kleinberg, Generation Existential: Heidegger's Philosophy in France, 1927–1961
  • David Pettigrew and François Raffoul, eds., French Interpretations of Heidegger: An Exceptional Reception, Albany : SUNY Press, 2006.
  • Mayeda, Graham. 2006. Time, space and ethics in the philosophy of Watsuji Tetsurō, Kuki Shūzō, and Martin Heidegger (New York: Routledge, 2006). ISBN 0-415-97673-1 (alk. paper).
  • Parkes, Graham (1987). Heidegger and Asian Thought. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-1064-3
  • May, Reinhard, & Parkes, Graham (1996). Heidegger's Hidden Sources: East Asian influences on his work. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-14037-4
  • Nelson, Eric S. (2017). Chinese and Buddhist Philosophy in Early Twentieth-Century German Thought London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 9781350002555

Spoljašnje veze[уреди | уреди извор]