Dekstrorfan

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Dekstrorfan
Dextrorphan.svg
Dextrorphane 3d.gif
IUPAC ime
(+)-17-methyl- 9a,13a,14a-morphinan- 3-ol
Pravni status
Pravni status
  • US: OTC
Identifikatori
CAS broj 125-73-5 ДаY
ATC kod none
PubChem CID 5360697
Hemijski podaci
Formula C17H23NO
Molarna masa 257.371 g/mol
  (verify)

Dekstrorfan (DXO) je psihoaktivni lek iz morfinanske hemijske klase koji deluje kao antitusivni lek (supresant kašlja) i disocijativni halucinogen. On je dekstro-stereoizomer racemorfana, gde je leva-polovina levorfanol. Dekstrorfan se proizvodi O-demetilacijom dekstrometorfana CYP2D6-om. Dekstrorfan je NMDA antagonist i doprinosi riziku zloupotrebe dekstrometorfana.[1]

Farmakologija[уреди]

Literatura[уреди]

  1. Zawertailo, LA; Kaplan, HL; Busto, UE; Tyndale, RF; Sellers, EM (1998). „Psychotropic effects of dextromethorphan are altered by the CYP2D6 polymorphism: a pilot study”. Journal of clinical psychopharmacology. 18 (4): 332—7. PMID 9690700. 
  2. Wong BY, Coulter DA, Choi DW, Prince DA (1988). „Dextrorphan and dextromethorphan, common antitussives, are antiepileptic and antagonize N-methyl-D-aspartate in brain slices”. Neuroscience Letters. 85 (2): 261—6. PMID 2897648. doi:10.1016/0304-3940(88)90362-X. 
  3. Church J, Jones MG, Davies SN, Lodge D (1989). „Antitussive agents as N-methylaspartate antagonists: further studies”. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. 67 (6): 561—7. PMID 2673498. 
  4. 4,0 4,1 Kamel IR, Wendling WW, Chen D, Wendling KS, Harakal C, Carlsson C (2008). „N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists--S(+)-ketamine, dextrorphan, and dextromethorphan--act as calcium antagonists on bovine cerebral arteries”. Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology. 20 (4): 241—8. PMID 18812887. doi:10.1097/ANA.0b013e31817f523f. 
  5. Richter A, Löscher W (1997). „Dextrorphan, but not dextromethorphan, exerts weak antidystonic effects in mutant dystonic hamsters”. Brain Research. 745 (1-2): 336—8. PMID 9037429. doi:10.1016/S0006-8993(96)01254-1. 
  6. Chou YC, Liao JF, Chang WY, Lin MF, Chen CF (1999). „Binding of dimemorfan to sigma-1 receptor and its anticonvulsant and locomotor effects in mice, compared with dextromethorphan and dextrorphan”. Brain Research. 821 (2): 516—9. PMID 10064839. doi:10.1016/S0006-8993(99)01125-7. 
  7. Damaj MI, Flood P, Ho KK, May EL, Martin BR (2005). „Effect of dextrometorphan and dextrorphan on nicotine and neuronal nicotinic receptors: in vitro and in vivo selectivity”. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 312 (2): 780—5. PMID 15356218. doi:10.1124/jpet.104.075093. 
  8. Hernandez SC, Bertolino M, Xiao Y, Pringle KE, Caruso FS, Kellar KJ (2000). „Dextromethorphan and its metabolite dextrorphan block alpha3beta4 neuronal nicotinic receptors”. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 293 (3): 962—7. PMID 10869398. 
  9. Kim HC; Ko KH; Kim WK; et al. (2001). „Effects of dextromethorphan on the seizures induced by kainate and the calcium channel agonist BAY k-8644: comparison with the effects of dextrorphan”. Behavioural Brain Research. 120 (2): 169—75. PMID 11182165. doi:10.1016/S0166-4328(00)00372-7. 

Spoljašnje veze[уреди]

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